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1 Samuel 17:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the vale of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, [were] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, [were] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel [were] in the valley of terebinths, fighting against the Philistines.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the vale of Elah, ready to fight with the Philistines.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel [are] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Saul, and they, and all the children of Israel, were in the valley of Terebinth, fighting against the Philistines.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel [were] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now Shaul, and they, and all the men of Yisrael, [were] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Pelishtim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now l שָׁאוּל, 7586
{7586} Prime
שָׁאוּל
Sha'uwl
{shaw-ool'}
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
and they, x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the men 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
[were] in the valley 6010
{6010} Prime
עֵמֶק
`emeq
{ay'-mek}
From H6009; a vale (that is, broad depression).
of l אֵלָה, 425
{0425} Prime
אֵלָה
'Elah
{ay-law'}
The same as H0424; Elah, the name of an Edomite, or four Israelites, and also of a place in Palestine.
fighting 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the Plitm פְּלִשׁתִּים. 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:12-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 17:19

Fighting — That is, in a posture and readiness to fight with them; as it is explained, 1 Samuel 17:20-21.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the valley:
Dr. Richardson says, that in about twenty minutes, in an easterly direction, form the cave of St. John (which is about two hours or six miles, in a westerly direction, from Jerusalem), they came to the valley of Elah; which position seems to agree with that of Shochoh and Azekah. He describes it as "a small valley, and the place of the encampment is pointed out where it narrows into a broad, deep ravine; part of it was in crop, and part of it was under the plough, which was drawn by a couple of oxen. A small stream, which had shrunk almost under its stony bed, passes through it from east to west, from which we are informed that David chose out five smooth stones, and hasted and ran to meet the haughty champion of Gath. A well of water under the bank, with a few olive trees above, on the north side of the valley, are said to mark the spot of the shepherd's triumph over his boasting antagonist. Saul and his men probably occupied the side of the valley which is nearest to Jerusalem, on which the ground is higher and more rugged than on the other side."
1 Samuel 17:19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, [were] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
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