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1 Samuel 17:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of [their] thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of [their] thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news of them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of [their] thousand, and see how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and carry these ten cheeses to the captain of the thousand, and visit thy brethren to see how they are, and take a pledge of them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— also these ten slices of soft cheese, shalt thou take to the captain of their thousand,—and, as for thy brethren, give good heed to their welfare, their pledge, also shalt thou receive.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and these ten cuttings of the cheese thou dost take in to the head of the thousand, and thy brethren thou dost inspect for welfare, and their pledge dost receive.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And carry these ten little cheeses to the tribune: and go see thy brethren, if they are well: and learn with whom they are placed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And carie these ten cheeses vnto the Captaine of [their] thousand, and looke how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of [their] thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And carry 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
ten 6235
{6235} Prime
עֶשֶׂר
`eser
{eh'-ser}
From H6237; ten (as an accumulation to the extent of the digits).
cheeses 2461
{2461} Prime
חָלָב
chalab
{khaw-lawb'}
From the same as H2459; milk (as the richness of kine).
2757
{2757} Prime
חָרִיץ
chariyts
{khaw-reets'}
From H2782; properly incisure or (passive) incised (compare H2742); hence a threshing sledge (with sharp teeth); also a slice (as cut).
unto the captain 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of [their] thousand, 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
and look y6485
[6485] Standard
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
how x6485
(6485) Complement
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
thy brethren 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
fare, 7965
{7965} Prime
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
and take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their pledge. 6161
{6161} Prime
עֲרֻבָּה
`arubbah
{ar-oob-baw'}
Feminine passive participle of H6048 in the sense of a bargain or exchange; something given as security, that is, (literally) a token (of safety) or (metaphorically) a bondsman.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 17:18

_ _ carry these ten cheeses to the captain — to enlist his kind attention. Oriental cheeses are very small; and although they are frequently made of so soft a consistence as to resemble curds, those which David carried seem to have been fully formed, pressed, and sufficiently dried to admit of their being carried.

_ _ take their pledge — Tokens of the soldiers’ health and safety were sent home in the convenient form of a lock of their hair, or piece of their nail, or such like.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:12-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 17:18

Pledge — That is, bring me some token of their welfare.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 17:18

And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of [their] thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their (e) pledge.

(e) If they have laid anything to gauge for their necessity, redeem it out.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
carry:

1 Samuel 16:20 And Jesse took an ass [laden] with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent [them] by David his son unto Saul.

cheeses:
Heb. cheeses of milk,
2 Samuel 17:29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that [were] with him, to eat: for they said, The people [is] hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.
Job 10:10 Hast thou not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

their thousand:
Heb. a thousand

look:

Genesis 37:14 And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.
Acts 15:36 And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, [and see] how they do.
1 Thessalonians 3:5-6 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain. ... But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also [to see] you:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 37:14. 1S 16:20. 2S 17:29. Jb 10:10. Ac 15:36. 1Th 3:5.

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