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1 Samuel 17:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Again the Philistine said, “I defy the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Philistine said, I have defied the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the Philistine said—I, reproach the ranks of Israel, this day,—give me a man, that we may fight together.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the Philistine saith, 'I have reproached the ranks of Israel this day; give to me a man, and we fight together.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Philistine said: I have defied the bands of Israel this day: give me a man, and let him fight with me hand to hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Philistine said, I defie the armies of Israel this day; giue me a man, that we may fight together.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Philistine said, Behold, I have defied the armies of Israel this very day: give me a man, and we will both of us fight in single combat.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Pelishti said, I defy the armies of Yisrael this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the Plit פְּלִשׁתִּי 6430
{6430} Prime
פְּלִשְׁתִּי
P@lishtiy
{pel-ish-tee'}
Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth.
said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
defy 2778
{2778} Prime
חָרַף
charaph.
{khaw-raf'}
A primitive root; to pull off, that is, (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively to carp at, that is, defame; denominatively (from H2779) to spend the winter.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the armies 4634
{4634} Prime
מַעֲרָכָה
ma`arakah
{mah-ar-aw-kaw'}
Feminine of H4633; an arrangement; concretely a pile; specifically a military array.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
day; 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
me a man, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that we may fight 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
together. 3162
{3162} Prime
יַחַד
yachad
{yakh'-ad}
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:4-11.


1 Samuel 17:8-11

_ _ I defy the armies of Israel ...; give me a man, that we may fight together — In cases of single combat, a warrior used to go out in front of his party, and advancing towards the opposite ranks, challenge someone to fight with him. If his formidable appearance, or great reputation for physical strength and heroism, deterred any from accepting the challenge, he used to parade himself within hearing of the enemy’s lines, specify in a loud, boastful, bravado style, defying them, and pouring out torrents of abuse and insolence to provoke their resentment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 17:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I defy:

1 Samuel 17:25-26 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, [that] the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel. ... And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who [is] this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?
1 Samuel 17:36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.
1 Samuel 17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
Numbers 23:7-8 And he took up his parable, and said, Balak the king of Moab hath brought me from Aram, out of the mountains of the east, [saying], Come, curse me Jacob, and come, defy Israel. ... How shall I curse, whom God hath not cursed? or how shall I defy, [whom] the LORD hath not defied?
2 Samuel 21:21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him.
2 Samuel 23:9 And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:
Nehemiah 2:19 But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?

give me:

Job 40:9-12 Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him? ... Look on every one [that is] proud, [and] bring him low; and tread down the wicked in their place.
Psalms 9:4-5 For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right. ... Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever.
Proverbs 16:18 Pride [goeth] before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall.
Jeremiah 9:23 Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise [man] glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty [man] glory in his might, let not the rich [man] glory in his riches:
Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 23:7. 1S 17:25, 36, 45. 2S 21:21; 23:9. Ne 2:19. Jb 40:9. Ps 9:4. Pv 16:18. Jr 9:23. Dn 4:37.

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