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1 Samuel 15:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He captured Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he took Agag the king of Amalek alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he took Agag, king of Amalek, alive,—but, all the people, devoted he to destruction at the edge of the sword.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he catcheth Agag king of Amalek alive, and all the people he hath devoted by the mouth of the sword;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he took Agag, the king of Amalec, alive: but all the common people he slew with the edge of the sword.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee tooke Agag the king of the Amalekites aliue, and vtterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he took Agag the king of Amalek{gr.Amalec} alive, and he slew all the people and Hierim with the edge of the sword.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he took Agag the king of the Amaleqim alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he took 8610
{8610} Prime
תָּפַשׂ
taphas
{taw-fas'}
A primitive root; to manipulate, that is, seize; chiefly to capture, wield; specifically to overlay; figuratively to use unwarrantably.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
qq אֲגָג 90
{0090} Prime
אֲגַג
'Agag
{ag-ag'}
Of uncertain derivation (compare H0089); flame; Agag, a title of Amalekitish kings.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the `mlkm עֲמָלֵקִים 6002
{6002} Prime
עֲמָלֵק
`Amaleq
{am-aw-lake'}
Probably of foreign origin; Amalek, a descendant of Esau; also his posterity and their country.
alive, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
and utterly destroyed 2763
{2763} Prime
חָרָם
charam
{khaw-ram'}
A primitive root; to seclude; specifically (by a ban) to devote to religious uses (especially destruction); physically and reflexively to be blunt as to the nose.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
with the edge 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
of the sword. 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 15:7-9.


1 Samuel 15:8-9

_ _ he took Agag ... alive — This was the common title of the Amalekite kings. He had no scruple about the apparent cruelty of it, for he made fierce and indiscriminate havoc of the people. But he spared Agag, probably to enjoy the glory of displaying so distinguished a captive, and, in like manner, the most valuable portions of the booty, as the cattle. By this willful and partial obedience to a positive command [1 Samuel 15:3], complying with it in some parts and violating it in others, as suited his own taste and humor, Saul showed his selfish, arbitrary temper, and his love of despotic power, and his utter unfitness to perform the duties of a delegated king in Israel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 15:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 15:8

All — Whom he found. Now they paid dear for the sin of their ancestors. They were themselves guilty of idolatry and numberless sins, for which they deserved to be cut off. Yet when God would reckon with them, he fixes upon this as the ground of his quarrel.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Agag:

1 Samuel 15:3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
Numbers 24:7 He shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed [shall be] in many waters, and his king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted.
1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and [there] a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men [that were] left. And Benhadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber.
1 Kings 20:34-42 And [Benhadad] said unto him, The cities, which my father took from thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then [said Ahab], I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a covenant with him, and sent him away. ... And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Because thou hast let go out of [thy] hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, therefore thy life shall go for his life, and thy people for his people.
Esther 3:1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that [were] with him.

utterly:

1 Samuel 27:8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those [nations were] of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
1 Samuel 30:1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;
Joshua 10:39 And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that [were] therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.
Joshua 11:12 And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and smote them with the edge of the sword, [and] he utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the LORD commanded.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 24:7. Jsh 10:39; 11:12. 1S 15:3; 27:8; 30:1. 1K 20:30, 34. Es 3:1.

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