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1 Samuel 15:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Saul smote the Amalekites, from Havilah as thou goest to Shur, that is before Egypt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah [until] thou comest to Shur, that [is] over against Egypt.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Saul defeated the Amalekites, from Havilah as you go to Shur, which is east of Egypt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah, [until] thou comest to Shur, that [is] over against Egypt.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Saul smote Amalek from Havilah as thou comest to Shur, which is opposite to Egypt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Saul smote Amalek,—from Havilah, till thou enterest Shur, which is over against Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Saul smiteth Amalek from Havilah—thy going in to Shur, which [is] on the front of Egypt,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Saul smote Amalec from Hevila, until thou comest to Sur, which is over against Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Saul smote the Amalekites from Hauilah, [vntill] thou commest to Shur, that [is] ouer against Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Saul smote Amalek{gr.Amalec} from Evilat to Shur{gr.Sur} fronting Mizraim{gr.Egypt}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Shaul smote the Amaleqim from Chawilah [until] thou comest to Shur, that [is] over against Mitzrayim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And l שָׁאוּל 7586
{7586} Prime
Passive participle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites.
smote 5221
{5221} Prime
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the `mlkm עֲמָלֵקִים 6002
{6002} Prime
Probably of foreign origin; Amalek, a descendant of Esau; also his posterity and their country.
from wl חֲוִילָה 2341
{2341} Prime
Probably from H2342; circular; Chavilah, the name of two or three eastern regions; also perhaps of two men.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[until] thou comest 935
{0935} Prime
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
to r שׁוּר, 7793
{7793} Prime
The same as H7791; Shur, a region of the Desert.
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] over x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
against 6440
{6440} Prime
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Mixrayim מִצרַיִם. 4714
{4714} Prime
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 15:7-9

_ _ 1 Samuel 15:7-9. He spares Agag and the best of the spoil.

_ _ Saul smote the Amalekites — His own view of the proper and expedient course to follow was his rule, not the command of God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 15:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 15:7

To Shur — That is, from one end of their country to the other; he smote all that he met with: but a great number of them fled away upon the noise of his coming, and secured themselves in other places, 'till the storm was over.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Samuel 14:48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.
Job 21:30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.
Ecclesiastes 8:13 But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong [his] days, [which are] as a shadow; because he feareth not before God.

This Havilah was probably situated in Arabia, and the district of Chaulon may mark the spot. It seems different from that encompassed by the river Pison, one of the rivers of Eden.
Genesis 2:11 The name of the first [is] Pison: that [is] it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where [there is] gold;
Genesis 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that [is] before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: [and] he died in the presence of all his brethren.


1 Samuel 27:8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those [nations were] of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
Genesis 16:7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
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Gn 2:11; 16:7; 25:18. 1S 14:48; 27:8. Jb 21:30. Ec 8:13.

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