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1 Samuel 14:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of Jehovah in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest of the LORD at Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. And the people did not know that Jonathan had gone.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, I-chabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— (And Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, Jehovah's priest in Shiloh, wore the ephod.) And the people did not know that Jonathan was gone.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, Ahijah, son of Ahitub, brother of Ichabod, son of Phinehas, son of Eli, was priest of Yahweh in Shiloh, wearing an ephod,—and, the people, knew not that Jonathan had departed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Ahiah, son of Ahitub, brother of I-Chabod, son of Phinehas son of Eli priest of Jehovah in Shiloh, bearing an ephod; and the people knew not that Jonathan hath gone.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Achias, the son of Achitob, brother of Ichabod the son of Phinees, the son of Heli, the priest of the Lord in Silo, wore the ephod. And the people knew not whither Jonathan was gone.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Ahiah the sonne of Ahitub, Ichabods brother, the sonne of Phinehas, the sonne of Eli, the LORDS Priest in Shiloh, wearing an Ephod: and the people knew not that Ionathan was gone.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Ahijah{gr.Achia} son of Ahitub{gr.Achitob}, the brother of Jochabed the son of Phinehas{gr.Phinees}, the son of Eli{gr.Heli}, [was] the priest of God in Shelah{gr.Selom} wearing an ephod: and the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Achiyyah, the son of Achituv, I Kavod's brother, the son of Pinchas, the son of Eli, Yahweh's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Yehonathan was gone.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And iyy אֲחִיָּה, 281
{0281} Prime
אֲחִיָּהוּ
'Achiyah
{akh-ee-yaw'}
From H0251 and H3050; brother (that is, worshipper) of Jah; Achijah, the name of nine Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of i+v אֲחִטוּב, 285
{0285} Prime
אֲחִיטוּב
'Achiytuwb
{akh-ee-toob'}
From H0251 and H2898; brother of goodness; Achitub, the name of several priests.
Cv's אִי־כָּבוֹד 350
{0350} Prime
אִיכָבוֹד
'Iy-kabowd
{ee-kaw-bode'}
From H0336 and H3519; (there is) no glory, that is, inglorious; Ikabod, a son of Phineas.
brother, 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Pns פִּינחָס, 6372
{6372} Prime
פִּינְחָס
Piyn@chac
{pee-nekh-aws'}
Apparently from H6310 and a variation of H5175; mouth of a serpent; Pinechas, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `l עֵלִי, 5941
{5941} Prime
עֵלִי
`Eliy
{ay-lee'}
From H5927; lofty; Eli, an Israelitish high priest.
Yhw's יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
in l שִׁילֹה, 7887
{7887} Prime
שִׁילֹה
Shiyloh
{shee-lo'}
From the same as H7886; Shiloh, a place in Palestine.
wearing 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
an ephod. 646
{0646} Prime
אֵפוֹד
'ephowd
{ay-fode'}
Second form is a rare form; probably of foreign derivation; a girdle; specifically the ephod or high priest's shoulder piece; also generally an image.
And the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
knew 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
Yhnn יְהוֹנָתָן y3129
[3129] Standard
יוֹנָתָן
Yownathan
{yo-naw-thawn'}
A form of H3083; Jonathan, the name of ten Israelites.
x3083
(3083) Complement
יְהוֹנָתָן
Y@hownathan
{yeh-ho-naw-thawn'}
From H3068 and H5414; Jehovah-given; Jehonathan, the name of four Israelites.
was gone. 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 14:1-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 14:3

Ahiah — The same who is called Abimelech, 1 Samuel 22:9, 1 Samuel 22:11, 1 Samuel 22:20, the high — priest, who was here to attend upon the ark which was brought thither, 1 Samuel 14:18. Ephod — The high — priest's ephod, wherein the Urim and Thummim was.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Ahiah:

1 Samuel 22:9-12 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. ... And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I [am], my lord.
1 Samuel 22:20 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.
, called Ahimelech.

Ichabod's:

1 Samuel 4:21 And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

wearing:

1 Samuel 2:28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel [to be] my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?
Exodus 28:26-32 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border thereof, which [is] in the side of the ephod inward. ... And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be not rent.
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Ex 28:26. 1S 2:28; 4:21; 22:9, 20.

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