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1 Samuel 14:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled; and the earth quaked: so there was an exceeding great trembling.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And there was a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. Even the garrison and the raiders trembled, and the earth quaked so that it became a great trembling.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people; the garrison, and the ravagers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked; for it was a trembling [from] God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there came to be a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people, the outposts and the spoilers, they too, trembled,—and the earth quaked, so it became a preternatural trembling.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and there is a trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people, the station and the destroyers have trembled—even they, and the earth shaketh, and it becometh a trembling of God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there was a miracle in the camp, in the fields: and all the people of their garrison, who had gone out to plunder, were amazed, and the earth trembled: and it happened as a miracle from God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there was trembling in the hoste, in the field, and among all the people: the garison and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And there was dismay in the camp, and in the field; and all the people in Messab, and the spoilers were amazed; and they would not act, and the land was terror-struck, and there was dismay from the lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And there was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
trembling 2731
{2731} Prime
חֲרָדָה
charadah
{khar-aw-daw'}
Feminine of H2730; fear, anxiety.
in the host, 4264
{4264} Prime
מַחֲנֶה
machaneh
{makh-an-eh'}
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
in the field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
and among all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the people: 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
the garrison, 4673
{4673} Prime
מַצָּב
matstsab
{mats-tsawb'}
From H5324; a fixed spot; figuratively an office, a military post.
and the spoilers, 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
trembled, 2729
{2729} Prime
חָרַד
charad
{khaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to shudder with terror; hence to fear; also to hasten (with anxiety).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
quaked: 7264
{7264} Prime
רָגַז
ragaz
{raw-gaz'}
A primitive root; to quiver (with any violent emotion, especially anger or fear).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
so it was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a very great 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
trembling. 2731
{2731} Prime
חֲרָדָה
charadah
{khar-aw-daw'}
Feminine of H2730; fear, anxiety.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 14:14-15.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 14:1-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 14:15

Field — That is, in the whole host which was in the field. All — That is, among all the rest of their forces, as well as those in the garrison at Michmash, as the spoilers, mentioned 1 Samuel 13:17, the report of this prodigy, and with it the terror of God speedily passing from one to another. Trembling — The Hebrew is, a trembling of God, signifying not only a very great trembling, but such as was supernatural, and came immediately from the hand of God. He that made the heart knows how to make it tremble. To complete their confusion, even the earth quaked; it shook under them, and made them fear it was just going to swallow them up. Those who will not fear the eternal God, he can make afraid of a shadow.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Samuel 14:15

And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth (h) quaked: so it was a very great trembling.

(h) In that the insensible creatures tremble for fear of God's judgment, it declares how terrible his vengeance will be against his enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
there was trembling:

Joshua 2:9 And she said unto the men, I know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you.
Judges 7:21 And they stood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran, and cried, and fled.
2 Kings 7:6-7 For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, [even] the noise of a great host: and they said one to another, Lo, the king of Israel hath hired against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the Egyptians, to come upon us. ... Wherefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it [was], and fled for their life.
Job 18:11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.
Psalms 14:5 There were they in great fear: for God [is] in the generation of the righteous.

the spoilers:

1 Samuel 13:17 And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way [that leadeth to] Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
1 Samuel 13:23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

the earth quaked:

Exodus 19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.
Matthew 24:6 And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all [these things] must come to pass, but the end is not yet.
Matthew 27:50-51 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. ... And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

very great trembling:
Heb. trembling of God,
Genesis 35:5 And they journeyed: and the terror of God was upon the cities that [were] round about them, and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob.
Leviticus 26:36-37 And upon them that are left [alive] of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a shaken leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth. ... And they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a sword, when none pursueth: and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies.
2 Samuel 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
Daniel 5:6 Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.
; God will in some way or other direct the steps of those who acknowledge him in all their ways, and seek unto him for direction with full purpose of heart. Sometimes we find most comfort in that which is least our own doing, and into which we have been led by the unexpected, but well observed, turns of Providence.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 35:5. Ex 19:18. Lv 26:36. Jsh 2:9. Jg 7:21. 1S 13:17, 23. 2S 5:24. 2K 7:6. Jb 18:11. Ps 14:5. Dn 5:6. Mt 24:6; 27:50.

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