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1 Samuel 1:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it came to pass on the day that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters portions;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice, he used to give, to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the day cometh, and Elkanah sacrificeth, and he hath given to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the day came, and Elcana offered sacrifice, and gave to Phenenna, his wife, and to all her sons and daughters, portions:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the time was, that Elkanah offered, he gaue to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sonnes, and her daughters, portions.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the day came, and Elkanah{gr.Helkana} sacrificed, and gave portions to his wife Phennana and her children.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when the time was that Elqanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when the time 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
that Elkn אֶלקָנָה 511
{0511} Prime
אֶלְקָנָה
'Elqanah
{el-kaw-naw'}
From H0410 and H7069; God has obtained; Elkanah, the name of seven Israelites.
offered, 2076
{2076} Prime
זָבַח
zabach
{zaw-bakh'}
A primitive root; to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
he gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to Pninn פְּנִנָּה 6444
{6444} Prime
פְּנִנָּה
P@ninnah
{pen-in-naw'}
Probably feminine from H6443 contracted; Peninnah, an Israelitess.
his wife, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
and to all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
her sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and her daughters, 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
portions: 4490
{4490} Prime
מָנָה
manah
{maw-naw'}
From H4487; properly something weighed out, that is, (generally) a division; specifically (of food) a ration; also a lot.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Samuel 1:4

_ _ when ... Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah ... portions — The offerer received back the greater part of the peace offerings, which he and his family or friends were accustomed to eat at a social feast before the Lord. (See on Leviticus 3:3; see on Deuteronomy 12:12). It was out of these consecrated viands Elkanah gave portions to all the members of his family; but “unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion”; that is, a larger choice, according to the Eastern fashion of showing regard to beloved or distinguished guests. (See on 1 Samuel 9:24; also see on Genesis 43:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 1:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 1:4

Portions — Out of the sacrifice of his peace — offerings, the greatest part whereof fell to the offerer, and was eaten by him, and his friends or guests, before the Lord. And out of this he gave them all portions, as the master of the feast used to do to the guests.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
offered:

Leviticus 3:4 And the two kidneys, and the fat that [is] on them, which [is] by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
Leviticus 7:15 And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.
Deuteronomy 12:5-7 But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, [even] unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come: ... And there ye shall eat before the LORD your God, and ye shall rejoice in all that ye put your hand unto, ye and your households, wherein the LORD thy God hath blessed thee.
Deuteronomy 12:17 Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thy oil, or the firstlings of thy herds or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill offerings, or heave offering of thine hand:
Deuteronomy 16:11 And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that [is] within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that [are] among you, in the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to place his name there.
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Lv 3:4; 7:15. Dt 12:5, 17; 16:11.

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