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1 Samuel 1:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto Jehovah, and wept sore.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And she [was] in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— She, greatly distressed, prayed to the LORD and wept bitterly.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And she [was] in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept bitterly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to Jehovah, and wept much.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, she being in bitterness of soul, prayed unto Yahweh, and, wept sore.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And she is bitter in soul, and prayeth unto Jehovah, and weepeth greatly,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As Anna had her heart full of grief, she prayed to the Lord, shedding many tears,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And shee was in bitternesse of soule, and prayed vnto the LORD, and wept sore.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And she [was] very much grieved in spirit, and prayed to the Lord, and wept abundantly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And she [was] in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto Yahweh, and wept sore.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And she x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[was] in bitterness 4751
{4751} Prime
מַר
mar
{mar}
From H4843; bitter (literally or figuratively); also (as noun) bitterness, or (adverbially) bitterly.
of soul, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
and prayed 6419
{6419} Prime
פָּלַל
palal
{paw-lal'}
A primitive root; to judge (officially or mentally); by extension to intercede, pray.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
unto x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and wept y1058
[1058] Standard
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
sore. 1058
{1058} Prime
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Samuel 1:10

Bitterness — That is, oppressed with grief. Prayed unto the Lord — They had newly offered their peace — offerings, to obtain the favour of God, and in token of their communion with him, they had feasted upon the sacrifice: and now it was proper to put up her prayer, in virtue of the sacrifice. For the peace — offerings typified Christ's mediation, as well as the sin — offerings: since by this not only atonement is made for sin, but an answer to our prayers obtained.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in bitterness of soul:
Heb. bitter of soul,
Ruth 1:20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.
2 Samuel 17:8 For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they [be] mighty men, and they [be] chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father [is] a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.
Job 7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
Job 9:18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but filleth me with bitterness.
Job 10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
Isaiah 38:15 What shall I say? he hath both spoken unto me, and himself hath done [it]: I shall go softly all my years in the bitterness of my soul.
Isaiah 54:6 For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God.
Lamentations 3:15 He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath made me drunken with wormwood.

prayed:

Psalms 50:15 And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
Psalms 91:15 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I [will be] with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him.
Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;

wept sore:

Genesis 50:10 And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which [is] beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
Judges 21:2 And the people came to the house of God, and abode there till even before God, and lifted up their voices, and wept sore;
2 Samuel 13:36 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.
2 Kings 20:3 I beseech thee, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done [that which is] good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
Jeremiah 13:17 But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for [your] pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD'S flock is carried away captive.
Jeremiah 22:10 Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him: [but] weep sore for him that goeth away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 50:10. Jg 21:2. Ru 1:20. 2S 13:36; 17:8. 2K 20:3. Jb 7:11; 9:18; 10:1. Ps 50:15; 91:15. Is 38:15; 54:6. Jr 13:17; 22:10. Lm 3:15. Lk 22:44. He 5:7.

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