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1 Peter 5:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— neither as lording it over the charge allotted to you, but making yourselves ensamples to the flock.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither as being lords over [God's] heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither as being lords over [God's] heritage, but being examples to the flock.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— not as lording it over your possessions, but being models for the flock.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nor yet as lording it over the allotted portions, but becoming, ensamples, to the beloved flock;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— neither as exercising lordship over the heritages, but patterns becoming of the flock,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Neither as lording it over the clergy but being made a pattern of the flock from the heart.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither as being lords ouer [Gods] heritage: but being ensamples to the flocke.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— not as lords of the flock, but that you may be to them a goodly example;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— not as lords of the flock, but so as to be a good example for them:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither 3366
{3366} Prime
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
being lords over 2634
{2634} Prime
From G2596 and G2961; to lord against, that is, control, subjugate.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[God's] heritage, 2819
{2819} Prime
Probably from G2806 (through the idea of using bits of wood, etc., for the purpose); a die (for drawing chances); by implication a portion (as if so secured); by extension an acquisition (especially a patrimony, figuratively).
but 235
{0235} Prime
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
being 1096
{1096} Prime
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
ensamples 5179
{5179} Prime
From G5180; a die (as struck), that is, (by implication) a stamp or scar; by analogy a shape, that is, a statue, (figuratively) style or resemblance; specifically a sampler ('type'), that is, a model (for imitation) or instance (for warning).
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
flock. 4168
{4168} Prime
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G4167; a flock, that is, (figuratively) group (of believers).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 5:3

_ _ being lordsGreek, “lording it”: implying pride and oppression. “Not that we have dominion over your faith.”

_ _ God’s heritageGreek, “the inheritances,” that is, the portions of the Church committed severally to your pastoral charge [Bengel]. It is explained by “the flock” in the next clause. However, in 1 Peter 5:2, “flock of God which is among you,” answering to “(God’s) heritages” (plural to express the sheep who are God’s portion and inheritance, Deuteronomy 32:9) committed to you, favors English Version. The flock, as one whole, is God’s heritage, or flock in the singular. Regarded in relation to its component sheep, divided among several pastors, it is in the plural “heritages.” Compare Acts 1:17, Acts 1:25, “part” (the same Greek). Bernard of Clairvaux, wrote to Pope Eugene, “Peter could not give thee what he had not: what he had he gave: the care over the Church, not dominion.

_ _ beingGreek, “becoming.”

_ _ ensamples — the most effective recommendation of precept (1 Timothy 4:12). Titus 2:7, “patterns.” So Jesus. “A monstrosity it is to see the highest rank joined with the meanest mind, the first seat with the lowest life, a grandiloquent tongue with a lazy life, much talking with no fruit” [Bernard].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 5:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 5:3

Neither as lording over the heritage — Behaving in a haughty, domineering manner, as though you had dominion over their conscience. The word translated heritage, is, literally, the portions. There is one flock under the one chief Shepherd; but many portions of this, under many pastors. But being examples to the flock — This procures the most ready and free obedience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 5:3

Neither as being lords over [God's] (b) heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

(b) Which is the Christian people.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Ezekiel 34:4 The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up [that which was] broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost; but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them.
Matthew 20:25-26 But Jesus called them [unto him], and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. ... But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
Matthew 23:8-10 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, [even] Christ; and all ye are brethren. ... Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, [even] Christ.
Mark 10:42-45 But Jesus called them [to him], and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them. ... For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
Luke 22:24-27 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest. ... For whether [is] greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? [is] not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.
1 Corinthians 3:5 Who then is Paul, and who [is] Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man?
1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building.
2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand.
2 Corinthians 4:5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.
3 John 1:9-10 I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not. ... Wherefore, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth, prating against us with malicious words: and not content therewith, neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth [them] out of the church.

being lords over:
or, over-ruling


1 Peter 2:9 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
Deuteronomy 32:9 For the LORD'S portion [is] his people; Jacob [is] the lot of his inheritance.
Psalms 33:12 Blessed [is] the nation whose God [is] the LORD; [and] the people [whom] he hath chosen for his own inheritance.
Psalms 74:2 Remember thy congregation, [which] thou hast purchased of old; the rod of thine inheritance, [which] thou hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt.
Micah 7:14 Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily [in] the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed [in] Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.


1 Corinthians 11:11 Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord.
Philippians 3:17 Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample.
Philippians 4:9 Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.
1 Thessalonians 1:5-6 For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake. ... And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost:
2 Thessalonians 3:9 Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us.
1 Timothy 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
Titus 2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine [shewing] uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:9. Ps 33:12; 74:2. Ezk 34:4. Mi 7:14. Mt 20:25; 23:8. Mk 10:42. Lk 22:24. Ac 20:28. 1Co 3:5, 9; 11:11. 2Co 1:24; 4:5. Php 3:17; 4:9. 1Th 1:5. 2Th 3:9. 1Ti 4:12. Tit 2:7. 1P 2:9. 3Jn 1:9.

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