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1 Peter 5:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— She that is in Babylon, elect together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Mark my son.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The [church that is] at Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Marcus my son.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and [so does] my son, Mark.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The [church that is] at Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Mark my son.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— She that is elected with [you] in Babylon salutes you, and Marcus my son.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— She who, in Babylon, is co-elect, and Mark my son, salute you:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Salute you doth the [assembly] in Babylon jointly elected, and Markus my son.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The church that is in Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you. And so doth my son, Mark.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Church that is at Babylon elected, together with you, saluteth you, and [so doth] Marcus my sonne.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— The elect church which is in Babel, asketh for your peace, and Markos my son.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— The elect church which is in Babylon, saluteth you; also Mark, my son.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
[church that is] at 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Babylon, 897
{0897} Prime
Of Hebrew origin [H0894]; Babylon, the capital of Chaldaea (literally or figuratively as a type of tyranny).
elected together with 4899
{4899} Prime
From a compound of G4862 and G1586; chosen in company with, that is, co-elect (fellow Christian).
[you], saluteth 782
{0782} Prime
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and a presumed form of G4685; to enfold in the arms, that is, (by implication) to salute, (figuratively) to welcome.
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
you; 5209
{5209} Prime
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[so doth] Marcus 3138
{3138} Prime
Of Latin origin; Marcus, a Christian.
my 3450
{3450} Prime
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
son. 5207
{5207} Prime
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 5:13

_ _ The ... at Babylon — Alford, Bengel, and others translate, “She that is elected together with you in Babylon,” namely, Peter’s wife, whom he led about with him in his missionary journeys. Compare 1 Peter 3:7, “heirs together of the grace of life.” But why she should be called “elected together with you in Babylon,” as if there had been no Christian woman in Babylon besides, is inexplicable on this view. In English Version the sense is clear: “That portion of the whole dispersion (1 Peter 1:1, Greek), or Church of Christianized Jews, with Gentile converts, which resides in Babylon.” As Peter and John were closely associated, Peter addresses the Church in John’s peculiar province, Asia, and closes with “your co-elect sister Church at Babylon saluteth you”; and John similarly addresses the “elect lady,” that is, the Church in Babylon, and closes with “the children of thine elect sister (the Asiatic Church) greet thee”; (compare Introduction to Second John). Erasmus explains, “Mark who is in the place of a son to me”: compare Acts 12:12, implying Peter’s connection with Mark; whence the mention of him in connection with the Church at Babylon, in which he labored under Peter before he went to Alexandria is not unnatural. Papias reports from the presbyter John [Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 3.39], that Mark was interpreter of Peter, recording in his Gospel the facts related to him by Peter. Silvanus or Silas had been substituted for John Mark, as Paul’s companion, because of Mark’s temporary unfaithfulness. But now Mark restored is associated with Silvanus, Paul’s companion, in Peter’s esteem, as Mark was already reinstated in Paul’s esteem. That Mark had a spiritual connection with the Asiatic’ churches which Peter addresses, and so naturally salutes them, appears from 2 Timothy 4:11; Colossians 4:10.

_ _ Babylon — The Chaldean Babylon on the Euphrates. See on Introduction, on the Place of Writing this Epistle, in proof that Rome is not meant as Papists assert; compare Lightfoot sermon. How unlikely that in a friendly salutation the enigmatical title of Rome given in prophecy (John, Revelation 17:5), should be used! Babylon was the center from which the Asiatic dispersion whom Peter addresses was derived. Philo [The Embassy to Gaius, 36] and Josephus [Antiquities, 15.2.2; 23.12] inform us that Babylon contained a great many Jews in the apostolic age (whereas those at Rome were comparatively few, about eight thousand [Josephus, Antiquities, 17.11]); so it would naturally be visited by the apostle of the circumcision. It was the headquarters of those whom he had so successfully addressed on Pentecost, Acts 2:9, Jewish “Parthians ... dwellers in Mesopotamia” (the Parthians were then masters of Mesopotamian Babylon); these he ministered to in person. His other hearers, the Jewish “dwellers in Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, Pamphylia,” he now ministers to by letter. The earliest distinct authority for Peter’s martyrdom at Rome is Dionysius, bishop of Corinth, in the latter half of the second century. The desirableness of representing Peter and Paul, the two leading apostles, as together founding the Church of the metropolis, seems to have originated the tradition. Clement of Rome [First Epistle to the Corinthians, 4.5], often quoted for, is really against it. He mentions Paul and Peter together, but makes it as a distinguishing circumstance of Paul, that he preached both in the East and West, implying that Peter never was in the West. In 2 Peter 1:14, he says, “I must shortly put off this tabernacle,” implying his martyrdom was near, yet he makes no allusion to Rome, or any intention of his visiting it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 5:10-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 5:13

The church that is at Babylon — Near which St. Peter probably was, when he wrote this epistle. Elected together with you — Partaking of the same faith with you. Mark — It seems the evangelist. My son — Probably converted by St. Peter. And he had occasionally served him, "as a son in the gospel."

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 5:13

(15) The [church that is] at (d) Babylon, elected together with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Marcus my son.

(15) Familiar salutations.

(d) In that famous city of Assyria, where Peter the apostle of circumcision then was.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 87:4 I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this [man] was born there.
Revelation 17:5 And upon her forehead [was] a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.
Revelation 18:2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.


2 John 1:13 The children of thy elect sister greet thee. Amen.


Acts 12:12 And when he had considered [the thing], he came to the house of Mary the mother of John, whose surname was Mark; where many were gathered together praying.
Acts 12:25 And Barnabas and Saul returned from Jerusalem, when they had fulfilled [their] ministry, and took with them John, whose surname was Mark.
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Ps 87:4. Ac 12:12, 25. 2Jn 1:13. Rv 17:5; 18:2.

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