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1 Peter 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By Silvanus, our faithful brother, as I account [him], I have written unto you briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand ye fast therein.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard [him]), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— By Silvanus, a faithful brother to you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God in which ye stand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By Silvanus, the faithful brother, as I suppose, I have written to you briefly; exhorting and testifying that this is [the] true grace of God in which ye stand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By Silvanus, the faithful brother, as I account him, have I briefly written, unto you, exhorting and adding testimony—that, this, is the true favour of God—within which, stand ye fast!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Through Silvanus, to you the faithful brother, as I reckon, through few [words] I did write, exhorting and testifying this to be the true grace of God in which ye have stood.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By Sylvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I think, I have written briefly: beseeching and testifying that this is the true grace of God, wherein you stand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— By Syluanus a faithfull brother vnto you, (as I suppose) I haue written briefly, exhorting, & testifying, that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— These few, as I consider, I have written to you by the hands of Silvanos, a faithful brother; and I persuade and testify, that this is the true grace of Aloha, this wherein you stand.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— These as I account [them] few [things], I have written to you by Sylvanus, a faithful brother. And I would persuade, and would testify, that this is the true grace of God, this in which ye stand.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
By 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
Silvanus, 4610
{4610} Prime
Σιλουανός
Silouanos
{sil-oo-an-os'}
Of Latin origin; 'silvan'; Silvanus, a Christian.
a faithful 4103
{4103} Prime
πιστός
pistos
{pis-tos'}
From G3982; objectively trustworthy; subjectively trustful.
brother 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
I suppose, 3049
{3049} Prime
λογίζομαι
logizomai
{log-id'-zom-ahee}
Middle voice from G3056; to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
I have written 1125
{1125} Prime
γράφω
grapho
{graf'-o}
A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively to describe.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
briefly, 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
3641
{3641} Prime
ὀλίγος
oligos
{ol-ee'-gos}
Of uncertain affinity; puny (in extent, degree, number, duration or value); especially neuter (adverbially) somewhat.
exhorting, 3870
{3870} Prime
παρακαλέω
parakaleo
{par-ak-al-eh'-o}
From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
testifying 1957
{1957} Prime
ἐπιμαρτυρέω
epimartureo
{ep-ee-mar-too-reh'-o}
From G1909 and G3140; to attest further, that is, corroborate.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
that this 5026
{5026} Prime
ταύτῃ
taute
{tow'-tay}
Dative, accusative and genitive case respectively of the feminine singular of G3778; (towards or of) this.
is 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
the true 227
{0227} Prime
ἀληθής
alethes
{al-ay-thace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2990; true (as not concealing).
grace 5485
{5485} Prime
χάρις
charis
{khar'-ece}
From G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), of manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
wherein 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
ye stand. 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 5:12

_ _ SilvanusSilas, the companion of Paul and Timothy: a suitable messenger by whom to confirm, as Peter here does, Paul’s doctrine of “the true grace of God” in the same churches (compare 2 Peter 3:16). We never meet with Silvanus as Paul’s companion after Paul’s last journey to Jerusalem. His connection with Peter was plainly subsequent to that journey.

_ _ as I suppose — Join “faithful unto you [Steiger], as I suppose.” Silvanus may have stood in a close relation to the churches in Asia, perhaps having taken the oversight of them after Paul’s departure, and had afterwards gone to Peter, by whom he is now sent back to them with this Epistle. He did not know, by positive observation, Silvanus’ faithfulness to them; he therefore says, “faithful to you, as I suppose,” from the accounts I hear; not expressing doubt. Alford joins “I have written unto you,” which the Greek order favors. The seeming uncertainty, thus, is not as to Silvanus’ faithfulness, which strongly marked by the Greek article, but as to whether he or some other would prove to be the bearer of the letter, addressed as it was to five provinces, all of which Silvanus might not reach: “By Silvanus, that faithful brother, as expect, I have Written to you” [Birks].

_ _ brieflyGreek, “in few (words),” as compared with the importance of the subject (Hebrews 13:22).

_ _ exhorting — not so much formally teaching doctrines, which could not be done in so “few words.”

_ _ testifying — bearing my testimony in confirmation (so the Greek compound verb implies) of that truth which ye have already heard from Paul and Silas (1 John 2:27).

_ _ that this — of which I have just written, and of which Paul before testified to you (whose testimony, now that he was no longer in those regions, was called in question probably by some; compare 2 Peter 3:15, 2 Peter 3:16). 2 Peter 1:12, “the present truth,” namely, the grace formerly promised by the prophets, and now manifested to you. “Grace” is the keynote of Paul’s doctrine which Peter now confirms (Ephesians 2:5, Ephesians 2:8). Their sufferings for the Gospel made them to need some attestation and confirmation of the truth, that they should not fall back from it.

_ _ wherein ye stand — The oldest manuscripts read imperatively, “Stand ye.” Literally, “into which (having been already admitted, 1 Peter 1:8, 1 Peter 1:21; 1 Peter 2:7, 1 Peter 2:8, 1 Peter 2:9) stand (therein).” Peter seems to have in mind Paul’s words (Romans 5:2; 1 Corinthians 15:1). “The grace wherein we stand must be true, and our standing in it true also” [Bengel]. Compare in “He began his Epistle with grace (1 Peter 1:2), he finishes it with grace, he has besprinkled the middle with grace, that in every part he might teach that the Church is not saved but by grace.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 5:10-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 5:12

As I suppose — As I judge, upon good grounds, though not by immediate inspiration. I have written — That is, sent my letter by him. Adding my testimony — To that which ye before heard from Paul, that this is the true gospel of the grace of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 5:12

(14) By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.

(14) Continuance and perseverance in the doctrine of the apostles is the only ground and foundation of Christian strength: Now the sum of the apostles doctrine, is salvation freely given by God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Silvanus:

2 Corinthians 1:19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, [even] by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea.
1 Thessalonians 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians [which is] in God the Father and [in] the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Thessalonians 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:

a faithful:

Ephesians 6:21 But that ye also may know my affairs, [and] how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:
Colossians 1:7 As ye also learned of Epaphras our dear fellowservant, who is for you a faithful minister of Christ;
Colossians 4:7 All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you, [who is] a beloved brother, and a faithful minister and fellowservant in the Lord:
Colossians 4:9 With Onesimus, a faithful and beloved brother, who is [one] of you. They shall make known unto you all things which [are done] here.

I have:

Ephesians 3:3 How that by revelation he made known unto me the mystery; (as I wrote afore in few words,
Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words.

exhorting:

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words.
Jude 1:3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort [you] that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.

testifying:

John 21:21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what [shall] this man [do]?
Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
1 John 5:9-10 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son. ... He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son.
3 John 1:12 Demetrius hath good report of all [men], and of the truth itself: yea, and we [also] bear record; and ye know that our record is true.

true:

Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
1 Corinthians 15:1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
Galatians 1:8-9 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. ... As we said before, so say I now again, If any [man] preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.
2 Peter 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;

wherein:

Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
2 Corinthians 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand.
2 Peter 1:12 Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things, though ye know [them], and be established in the present truth.
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Jn 21:21. Ac 20:24. Ro 5:2. 1Co 15:1. 2Co 1:19, 24. Ga 1:8. Ep 3:3; 6:21. Col 1:7; 4:7, 9. 1Th 1:1. 2Th 1:1. He 13:22. 2P 1:12; 2:15. 1Jn 5:9. 3Jn 1:12. Jde 1:3.

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