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1 Peter 4:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— above all things being fervent in your love among yourselves; for love covereth a multitude of sins:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity will cover a multitude of sins.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but before all things having fervent love among yourselves, because love covers a multitude of sins;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Before all things, keeping, fervent, your love, among yourselves, because, love, covereth a multitude of sins;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and, before all things, to one another having the earnest love, because the love shall cover a multitude of sins;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But before all things have a constant mutual charity among yourselves: for charity covereth a multitude of sins.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And aboue all things haue feruent charitie among your selues: for charity shall couer the multitude of sinnes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And before every thing have ardent love for one another; for love covereth a multitude of sins.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And above all things, have fervent love one towards another; for love covereth a multitude of sins.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
above 4253
{4253} Prime
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
all things 3956
{3956} Prime
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
fervent 1618
{1618} Prime
From G1614; intent.
charity 26
{0026} Prime
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
among 1519
{1519} Prime
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
yourselves: 1438
{1438} Prime
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
charity 26
{0026} Prime
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
shall cover 2572
{2572} Prime
Akin to G2813 and G2928; to cover up (literally or figuratively).
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
the multitude 4128
{4128} Prime
From G4130; a fulness, that is, a large number, throng, populace.
of sins. 266
{0266} Prime
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 4:8

_ _ above all things — not that “charity” or love is placed above “prayer,” but because love is the animating spirit, without which all other duties are dead. Translate as Greek, “Having your mutual (literally, ‘towards yourselves’) charity intense.” He presupposes its existence among them; he urges them to make it more fervent.

_ _ charity shall cover the multitude, etc. — The oldest manuscripts have “covereth.” Quoted from Proverbs 10:12; compare Proverbs 17:9. “Covereth” so as not harshly to condemn or expose faults; but forbearingly to bear the other’s burdens, forgiving and forgetting past offenses. Perhaps the additional idea is included, By prayer for them, love tries to have them covered by God; and so being the instrument of converting the sinner from his error, “covereth a (not ‘the,’ as English Version) multitude of sins”; but the former idea from Proverbs is the prominent one. It is not, as Rome teaches, “covereth” his own sins; for then the Greek middle voice would be used; and Proverbs 10:12; Proverbs 17:9 support the Protestant view. “As God with His love covers my sins if I believe, so must I also cover the sins of my neighbor” [Luther]. Compare the conduct of Shem and Japheth to Noah (Genesis 9:23), in contrast to Ham’s exposure of his father’s shame. We ought to cover others’ sins only where love itself does not require the contrary.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 4:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 4:8

Love covereth a multitude of sins — Yea, "love covereth all things." He that loves another, covers his faults, how many soever they be. He turns away his own eyes from them; and, as far as is possible, hides them from others. And he continually prays that all the sinner's iniquities may be forgiven and his sins covered. Meantime the God of love measures to him with the same measure into his bosom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 4:8

(6) And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.

(6) He commends charity towards one another, because it buries a multitude of sins, and therefore preserves and maintains peace and harmony: for they who love one another easily forgive one another their offences.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Colossians 3:14 And above all these things [put on] charity, which is the bond of perfectness.
James 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.
3 John 1:2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth.

Αγαπην εκτενη [Strong's G1618], "intense love; for love shall cover (or covers, καλυπτει [Strong's G2572], in the present tense, as several copies read) a multitude of sins;" which seems a reference to the proverb, "love covereth all sins,"
Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirreth up strifes: but love covereth all sins.
1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, [see that ye] love one another with a pure heart fervently:
1 Corinthians 13:1-13 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become [as] sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. ... And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these [is] charity.
1 Corinthians 14:1 Follow after charity, and desire spiritual [gifts], but rather that ye may prophesy.
1 Thessalonians 3:12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all [men], even as we [do] toward you:
1 Thessalonians 4:9-10 But as touching brotherly love ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another. ... And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more;
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
Hebrews 13:1 Let brotherly love continue.
2 Peter 1:6-7 And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; ... And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.


Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirreth up strifes: but love covereth all sins.
Proverbs 12:16 A fool's wrath is presently known: but a prudent [man] covereth shame.
Proverbs 17:9 He that covereth a transgression seeketh love; but he that repeateth a matter separateth [very] friends.
Proverbs 18:13 He that answereth a matter before he heareth [it], it [is] folly and shame unto him.
1 Corinthians 13:7 Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
James 5:20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.

or, will
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 10:12; 12:16; 17:9; 18:13. 1Co 13:1, 7; 14:1. Col 3:14. 1Th 3:12; 4:9. 2Th 1:3. 1Ti 1:5. He 13:1. Jm 5:12, 20. 1P 1:22. 2P 1:6. 3Jn 1:2.

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