Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

1 Peter 4:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the time past may suffice to have wrought the desire of the Gentiles, and to have walked in lasciviousness, lusts, winebibbings, revellings, carousings, and abominable idolatries:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the time already past is sufficient [for you] to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, having pursued a course of sensuality, lusts, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties and abominable idolatries.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revelings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the time past [is] sufficient [for us] to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, walking in lasciviousness, lusts, wine-drinking, revels, drinkings, and unhallowed idolatries.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, sufficient, is the bygone time—to have wrought out, the will of the nations, having gone on in wanton ways, covetings, wine-drinkings, revellings, drinking-bouts, and impious idolatries:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for sufficient to us [is] the past time of life the will of the nations to have wrought, having walked in lasciviousnesses, desires, excesses of wines, revellings, drinking-bouts, and unlawful idolatries,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the time past is sufficient to have fulfilled the will of the Gentiles, for them who have walked in riotousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings and unlawful worshipping of idols.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the time past of our life may suffice vs to haue wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciuiousnes, lusts, excesse of wine, reuellings, banquetings, and abhominable idolatries.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For the time which hath passed sufficeth to have served the will of the Gentiles in indulgence, in drunkenness, in vileness, in revellings, and in the service of demons.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the time that is past was enough, when ye wrought the pleasure of the profane, in dissoluteness, and in ebriety, and in lasciviousness, and in revelling, and in the worship of demons.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
the time 5550
{5550} Prime
χρόνος
chronos
{khron'-os}
Of uncertain derivation; a space of time (in genitive case, and thus properly distinguished from G2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from G0165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension an individual opportunity; by implication delay.
past 3928
{3928} Prime
παρέρχομαι
parerchomai
{par-er'-khom-ahee}
From G3844 and G2064; to come near or aside, that is, to approach (arrive), go by (or away), (figuratively) perish or neglect, (causatively) avert.
z5756
<5756> Grammar
Tense - Second Perfect (See G5782)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 43
of [our] life 979
{0979} Prime
βίος
bios
{bee'-os}
A primary word; life, that is, (literally) the present state of existence; by implication the means of livelihood.
may suffice 713
{0713} Prime
ἀρκετός
arketos
{ar-ket-os'}
From G0714; satisfactory.
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
to have wrought 2716
{2716} Prime
κατεργάζομαι
katergazomai
{kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee}
From G2596 and G2038; to work fully, that is, accomplish; by implication to finish, fashion.
z5664
<5664> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 37
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
will 2307
{2307} Prime
θέλημα
thelema
{thel'-ay-mah}
From the prolonged form of G2309; a determination (properly the thing), that is, (actively) choice (specifically purpose, decree; abstractly volition) or (passively) inclination.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Gentiles, 1484
{1484} Prime
ἔθνος
ethnos
{eth'-nos}
Probably from G1486; a race (as of the same habit), that is, a tribe; specifically a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually by implication pagan).
when we walked 4198
{4198} Prime
πορεύομαι
poreuomai
{por-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from a derivative of the same as G3984; to traverse, that is, travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove [figuratively die], live, etc.).
z5768
<5768> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 4
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
lasciviousness, 766
{0766} Prime
ἀσέλγεια
aselgeia
{as-elg'-i-a}
From a compound of G0001 (as a negative particle) and a presumed σελγής [[selges]] (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent); licentiousness (sometimes including other vices).
lusts, 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
excess of wine, 3632
{3632} Prime
οἰνοφλυγία
oinophlugia
{oy-nof-loog-ee'-ah}
From G3631 and a form of the base of G5397; an overflow (or surplus) of wine, that is, vinolency (drunkenness).
revellings, 2970
{2970} Prime
κῶμος
komos
{ko'-mos}
From G2749; a carousal (as if a letting loose).
banquetings, 4224
{4224} Prime
πότος
potos
{pot'-os}
From the alternate of G4095; a drinking bout or carousal.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
abominable 111
{0111} Prime
ἀθέμιτος
athemitos
{ath-em'-ee-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of θέμις [[themis]] (statute; from the base of G5087); illegal; by implication flagitious.
idolatries: 1495
{1495} Prime
εἰδολολατρία
eidololatria
{i-do-lol-at-ri'-ah}
From G1497 and G2999; image worship (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 4:3

_ _ may sufficeGreek, “is sufficient.” Peter takes the lowest ground: for not even the past time ought to have been wasted in lust; but since you cannot recall it, at least lay out the future to better account.

_ _ us — omitted in oldest manuscripts.

_ _ wroughtGreek, “wrought out.”

_ _ Gentiles — heathen: which many of you were.

_ _ when, etc. — “walking as ye have done [Alford] in lasciviousness”; the Greek means petulant, immodest, wantonness, unbridled conduct: not so much filthy lust.

_ _ excess of wine — “wine-bibbings” [Alford].

_ _ abominable — “nefarious,” “lawless idolatries,” violating God’s most sacred law; not that all Peter’s readers (see on 1 Peter 1:1) walked in these, but many, namely, the Gentile portion of them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 4:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 4:3

Revellings, banquetings — Have these words any meaning now? They had, seventeen hundred years ago. Then the former meant, meetings to eat; meetings, the direct end of which was, to please the taste: the latter, meetings to drink: both of which Christians then ranked with abominable idolatries.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 4:3

(2) For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the (b) will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:

(2) By putting us in mind of the dishonesty of our former life led in the filth of sin, he calls us to earnest repentance.

(b) Wickedly and licentiously after the manner of the Gentiles.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the time:

Ezekiel 44:6 And thou shalt say to the rebellious, [even] to the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O ye house of Israel, let it suffice you of all your abominations,
Ezekiel 45:9 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice, take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord GOD.
Acts 17:30 And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
Romans 8:12-13 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. ... For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

to have:

1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
Deuteronomy 12:30-31 Take heed to thyself that thou be not snared by following them, after that they be destroyed from before thee; and that thou enquire not after their gods, saying, How did these nations serve their gods? even so will I do likewise. ... Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
Romans 1:20-32 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: ... Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Ephesians 2:2-3 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: ... Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.

lasciviousness:

Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
2 Corinthians 12:21 [And] lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and [that] I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed.
Galatians 5:19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
Ephesians 4:19 Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.
Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

excess:

2 Samuel 13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.
Proverbs 23:29-35 Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? ... They have stricken me, [shalt thou say, and] I was not sick; they have beaten me, [and] I felt [it] not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again.
Isaiah 5:11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, [that] they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, [till] wine inflame them!
Isaiah 28:7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment.
Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

revellings:

Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

and:

1 Kings 21:26 And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all [things] as did the Amorites, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.
2 Chronicles 15:8 And when Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of Oded the prophet, he took courage, and put away the abominable idols out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin, and out of the cities which he had taken from mount Ephraim, and renewed the altar of the LORD, that [was] before the porch of the LORD.
Isaiah 65:4 Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine's flesh, and broth of abominable [things is in] their vessels;
Jeremiah 16:18 And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double; because they have defiled my land, they have filled mine inheritance with the carcases of their detestable and abominable things.
Revelation 17:4-5 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: ... And upon her forehead [was] a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 12:30. 2S 13:28. 1K 21:26. 2Ch 15:8. Pv 23:29. Is 5:11; 28:7; 65:4. Jr 16:18. Ezk 44:6; 45:9. Mk 7:22. Ac 17:30. Ro 1:20; 8:12. 1Co 6:11. 2Co 12:21. Ga 5:19, 21. Ep 2:2; 4:17, 19; 5:18. 1Th 4:5. Tit 3:3. 1P 1:14. Jde 1:4. Rv 17:4.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 1 Peter 4:3.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 1 Peter 4:3


Recent Chat Bible Comments