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1 Peter 3:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For after this manner aforetime the holy women also, who hoped in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own husbands:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For in this way in former times the holy women also, who hoped in God, used to adorn themselves, being submissive to their own husbands;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For after this manner in former times the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own husbands:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For thus also the holy women who have hoped in God heretofore adorned themselves, being subject to their own husbands;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, so, at one time, the holy women also, who directed their hope towards God, used to adorn themselves, being in submission unto their own husbands:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for thus once also the holy women who did hope on God, were adorning themselves, being subject to their own husbands,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For after this manner heretofore, the holy women also who trusted in God adorned themselves, being in subjection to their own husbands:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For after this manner in the olde time, the holy women also who trusted in God adorned themselues, beeing in subiection vnto their owne husbands.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For so also of old the holy women who confided in Aloha adorned themselves, and were subject to their husbands,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For so also the holy women of old, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, and were subject to their husbands:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
after this manner 3779
{3779} Prime
οὕτω
houto
{hoo'-to}
From G3778; in this way (referring to what precedes or follows).
in the old time 4218
{4218} Prime
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
women 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
also, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
trusted 1679
{1679} Prime
ἐλπίζω
elpizo
{el-pid'-zo}
From G1680; to expect or confide.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
adorned 2885
{2885} Prime
κοσμέω
kosmeo
{kos-meh'-o}
From G2889; to put in proper order, that is, decorate (literally or figuratively); specifically to snuff (a wick).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
themselves, 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
being in subjection 5293
{5293} Prime
ὑποτάσσω
hupotasso
{hoop-ot-as'-so}
From G5259 and G5021; to subordinate; reflexively to obey.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
unto their own 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
husbands: 435
{0435} Prime
ἀνήρ
aner
{an'-ayr}
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 3:5

_ _ after this manner — with the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit (compare the portrait of the godly wife, Proverbs 31:10-31).

_ _ trustedGreek, “hoped.” “Holy” is explained by “hoped in (so as to be ‘united to,Greek) God.” Hope in God is the spring of true holiness [Bengel].

_ _ in subjection — Their ornament consisted in their subordination. Vanity was forbidden (1 Peter 3:3) as being contrary to female subjection.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 3:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 3:5

The adorning of those holy women, who trusted in God, and therefore did not act thus from servile fear, was, Their meek subjection to their husbands: Their quiet spirit, "not afraid," or amazed: and Their unblamable behaviour, "doing" all things "well."

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 3:5

(4) For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands:

(4) An argument taken from the example of women, and especially of Sarah, who was the mother of all believers.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the holy:

Proverbs 31:10 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price [is] far above rubies.
Proverbs 31:30 Favour [is] deceitful, and beauty [is] vain: [but] a woman [that] feareth the LORD, she shall be praised.
Luke 8:2-3 And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils, ... And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.
Acts 1:14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.
Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
1 Timothy 2:10 But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works.
1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.
Titus 2:3-4 The aged women likewise, that [they be] in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; ... That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,

who:

1 Samuel 2:1 And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.
Jeremiah 49:11 Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve [them] alive; and let thy widows trust in me.
Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
1 Timothy 2:15 Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
Hebrews 11:11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised.

adorned:

1 Peter 3:2-4 While they behold your chaste conversation [coupled] with fear. ... But [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 2:1. Pv 31:10, 30. Jr 49:11. Lk 2:37; 8:2. Ac 1:14; 9:36. 1Ti 2:10, 15; 5:5, 10. Tit 2:3. He 11:11. 1P 3:2.

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