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1 Peter 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible [apparel] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but [let it be] the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— but the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible [ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which in the sight of God is of great price.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But the hidden character, of the heart,—in the incorruptible [ornament] of the quiet, and meek, spirit, which is, in presence of God, of great price.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but—the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible thing of the meek and quiet spirit, which is, before God, of great price,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptibility of a quiet and a meek spirit which is rich in the sight of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But [let it bee] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [euen the ornament] of a meeke and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but adorn yourselves in the hidden man of the heart, with the spirit of gentleness which perisheth not, the ornament of excellence before Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But adorn yourselves in the hidden person of the heart, with a mild and uncorrupted spirit, an ornament that is precious before God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
[let it be] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hidden 2927
{2927} Prime
κρυπτός
kruptos
{kroop-tos'}
From G2928; concealed, that is, private.
man 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
heart, 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
that which is not corruptible, 862
{0862} Prime
ἄφθαρτος
aphthartos
{af'-thar-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G5351; undecaying (in essence or continuance).
[even the ornament] of a meek 4239
{4239} Prime
πραΰς
praus
{prah-ooce'}
Apparently a primary word; mild, that is, (by implication) humble.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
quiet 2272
{2272} Prime
ἡσύχιος
hesuchios
{hay-soo'-khee-os}
A prolonged form of a compound probably of a derivative of the base of G1476 and perhaps G2192; properly keeping one's seat (sedentary), that is, (by implication) still (undisturbed, undisturbing).
spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
in the sight 1799
{1799} Prime
ἐνώπιον
enopion
{en-o'-pee-on}
Neuter of a compound of G1722 and a derivation of G3700; in the face of (literally or figuratively).
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
of great price. 4185
{4185} Prime
πολυτελής
poluteles
{pol-oo-tel-ace'}
From G4183 and G5056; extremely expensive.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 3:4

_ _ But — “Rather.” The “outward adornment” of jewelry, etc., is forbidden, in so far as woman loves such things, not in so far as she uses them from a sense of propriety, and does not abuse them. Singularity mostly comes from pride and throws needless hindrances to religion in the way of others. Under costly attire there may be a humble mind. “Great is he who uses his earthenware as if it were plate; not less great is he who uses his silver as if it were earthenware” [Seneca in Alford].

_ _ hiddeninner man, which the Christian instinctively hides from public view.

_ _ of the heartconsisting in the heart regenerated and adorned by the Spirit. This “inner man of the heart” is the subject of the verb “be,” 1 Peter 3:3, Greek: “Of whom let the inner man be,” namely, the distinction or adornment.

_ _ in that — consisting or standing in that as its element.

_ _ not corruptible — not transitory, nor tainted with corruption, as all earthly adornments.

_ _ meek and quietmeek, not creating disturbances: quiet, bearing with tranquillity the disturbances caused by others. Meek in affections and feelings; quiet in words, countenance, and actions [Bengel].

_ _ in the sight of God — who looks to inward, not merely outward things.

_ _ of great price — The results of redemption should correspond to its costly price (1 Peter 1:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 3:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 3:4

The hidden man of the heart — Complete inward holiness, which implies a meek and quiet spirit. A meek spirit gives no trouble willingly to any: a quiet spirit bears all wrongs without being troubled. In the sight of God — Who looks at the heart. All superfluity of dress contributes more to pride and anger than is generally supposed. The apostle seems to have his eye to this by substituting meekness and quietness in the room of the ornaments he forbids. "I do not regard these things," is often said by those whose hearts are wrapped up in them: but offer to take them away, and you touch the very idol of their soul. Some, indeed only dress elegantly that they may be looked on; that is, they squander away their Lord's talent to gain applause: thus making sin to beget sin, and then plead one in excuse of the other.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 3:4

But [let it be] the (a) hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is (b) in the sight of God of great price.

(a) Who has his abiding place fastened in the heart: so that the hidden man is set against the outward adorning of the body.

(b) Precious indeed and so taken of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the hidden:

Psalms 45:13 The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold.
Psalms 51:6 Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden [part] thou shalt make me to know wisdom.
Matthew 23:26 [Thou] blind Pharisee, cleanse first that [which is] within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.
Luke 11:40 [Ye] fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also?
Romans 2:29 But he [is] a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision [is that] of the heart, in the spirit, [and] not in the letter; whose praise [is] not of men, but of God.
Romans 6:6 Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with [him], that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
2 Corinthians 4:16 For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward [man] is renewed day by day.
Ephesians 4:22-24 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; ... And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Colossians 3:3 For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God.
Colossians 3:9-10 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; ... And have put on the new [man], which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:

which is not:

1 Peter 1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.

a meek:

1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and [be] ready always to [give] an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear:
Psalms 25:9 The meek will he guide in judgment: and the meek will he teach his way.
Psalms 147:6 The LORD lifteth up the meek: he casteth the wicked down to the ground.
Psalms 149:4 For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Isaiah 29:19 The meek also shall increase [their] joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound;
Matthew 5:5 Blessed [are] the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.
Matthew 21:5 Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence [am] base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
Galatians 5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Ephesians 4:2 With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love;
Colossians 3:12 Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering;
2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, [but] gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
James 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
James 3:13-17 Who [is] a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him shew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom. ... But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

quiet:

Psalms 131:2 Surely I have behaved and quieted myself, as a child that is weaned of his mother: my soul [is] even as a weaned child.
Jeremiah 51:59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And [this] Seraiah [was] a quiet prince.
1 Thessalonians 4:11 And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;
2 Thessalonians 3:12 Now them that are such we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.
1 Timothy 2:2 For kings, and [for] all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.

which is in:

1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
Psalms 147:10-11 He delighteth not in the strength of the horse: he taketh not pleasure in the legs of a man. ... The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
Psalms 149:4 For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.
Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 16:7. Ps 25:9; 45:13; 51:6; 131:2; 147:6, 10; 149:4. Is 11:4; 29:19; 57:15; 61:1. Jr 51:59. Mt 5:5; 11:29; 21:5; 23:26. Lk 11:40; 16:15. Ro 2:29; 6:6; 7:22. 2Co 4:16; 10:1. Ga 5:23. Ep 4:2, 22. Col 3:3, 9, 12. 1Th 4:11. 2Th 3:12. 1Ti 2:2. 2Ti 2:25. Tit 3:2. Jm 1:21; 3:13. 1P 1:23; 3:15.

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