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1 Peter 3:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that aforetime were disobedient, when the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through [the] water.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who formerly were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was preparing, in which few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— heretofore disobedient, when the longsuffering of God waited in [the] days of Noah while the ark was preparing, into which few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [Spirits] unyielding at one time, when the longsuffering of God was holding forth a welcome in the days of Noah, there being in preparation an ark—[going] into which, a few, that is eight, souls, were brought safely through by means of water,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who sometime disbelieved, when once the long-suffering of God did wait, in days of Noah—an ark being preparing—in which few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Which had been some time incredulous, when they waited for the patience of God in the days of Noe, when the ark was a building: wherein a few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the dayes of Noah, while the Arke was a preparing: wherein few, that is, eight soules were saued by water.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— those who before were disobedient in the days of Nuch; while the long-suffering of Aloha commanded that he should make the ark, upon the hope of their conversion, and eight souls only entered therein, and were saved in the waters.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— which were formerly disobedient, in the days of Noah, when the long suffering of God commanded an ark to be made, in hope of their repentance; and eight souls only entered into it, and were kept alive in the waters.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which sometime 4218
{4218} Prime
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
were disobedient, 544
{0544} Prime
ἀπειθέω
apeitheo
{ap-i-theh'-o}
From G0545; to disbelieve (wilfully and perversely).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
once 530
{0530} Prime
ἅπαξ
hapax
{hap'-ax}
Probably from G0537; one (or a single) time (numerically or conclusively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
longsuffering 3115
{3115} Prime
μακροθυμία
makrothumia
{mak-roth-oo-mee'-ah}
From the same as G3116; longanimity, that is, (objectively) forbearance or (subjectively) fortitude.
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
waited 1551
{1551} Prime
ἐκδέχομαι
ekdechomai
{ek-dekh'-om-ahee}
From G1537 and G1209; to accept from some source, that is, (by implication) to await.
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
of Noah, 3575
{3575} Prime
Νῶε
Noe
{no'-eh}
Of Hebrew origin [H5146]; Noe, (that is, Noach), a patriarch.
while the ark 2787
{2787} Prime
κιβωτός
kibotos
{kib-o-tos'}
Of uncertain derivative; a box, that is, the sacred ark and that of Noah.
was a preparing, 2680
{2680} Prime
κατασκευάζω
kataskeuazo
{kat-ask-yoo-ad'-zo}
From G2596 and a derivative of G4632; to prepare thoroughly (properly by external equipment; whereas G2090 refers rather to internal fitness); by implication to construct, create.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
wherein 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
few, 3641
{3641} Prime
ὀλίγος
oligos
{ol-ee'-gos}
Of uncertain affinity; puny (in extent, degree, number, duration or value); especially neuter (adverbially) somewhat.
that is, 5123
{5123} Prime
τουτέστι
toutesti
{toot-es'-tee}
Contraction for G5124 and G2076; that is.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
eight 3638
{3638} Prime
ὀκτώ
okto
{ok-to'}
A primary numeral; 'eight'.
souls 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
were saved 1295
{1295} Prime
διασῴζω
diasozo
{dee-as-odze'-o}
From G1223 and G4982; to save thoroughly, that is, (by implication or analogy) to cure, preserve, rescue, etc.
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
water. 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 3:20

_ _ once — not in the oldest manuscripts.

_ _ when ... the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah — Oldest manuscripts. Greek,was continuing to wait on” (if haply men in the hundred twenty years of grace would repent) until the end of His waiting came in their death by the flood. This refutes Alford’s idea of a second day of grace having been given in Hades. Noah’s days are selected, as the ark and the destroying flood answer respectively to “baptism” and the coming destruction of unbelievers by fire.

_ _ while the ark was a-preparing — (Hebrews 11:7). A long period of God’s “long-suffering and waiting,” as Noah had few to help him, which rendered the world’s unbelief the more inexcusable.

_ _ wherein — literally, “(by having entered) into which.”

_ _ eight — seven (the sacred number) with ungodly Ham.

_ _ few — so now.

_ _ souls — As this term is here used of living persons, why should not “spirits” also? Noah preached to their ears, but Christ in spirit, to their spirits, or spiritual natures.

_ _ saved by water — The same water which drowned the unbelieving, buoyed up the ark in which the eight were saved. Not as some translate, “were brought safe through the water.” However, the sense of the preposition may be as in 1 Corinthians 3:15, “they were safely preserved through the water,” though having to be in the water.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 3:18-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 3:20

When the longsuffering of God waited — For an hundred and twenty years; all the time the ark was preparing: during which Noah warned them all to flee from the wrath to come.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 3:20

Which sometime were disobedient, when (n) once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight (o) souls were saved by water.

(n) This word "once" shows that there was a furthermost day appointed, and if that were once past, there should be no more.

(o) Men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sometime:

Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also [is] flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.
Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually.
Genesis 6:13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

the longsuffering:

Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD [is] a God of judgment: blessed [are] all they that wait for him.
Romans 2:4-5 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance? ... But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 9:22 [What] if God, willing to shew [his] wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:
2 Peter 3:15 And account [that] the longsuffering of our Lord [is] salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;

the days:

Matthew 24:37-39 But as the days of Noe [were], so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. ... And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
Luke 17:26-30 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. ... Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed.

while:

Genesis 6:14-22 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch. ... Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.
Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.

wherein:

Genesis 7:1-7 And the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation. ... And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.
Genesis 7:13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark;
Genesis 7:23 And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained [alive], and they that [were] with him in the ark.
Genesis 8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that [was] with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged;
Genesis 8:18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him:
Matthew 7:14 Because strait [is] the gate, and narrow [is] the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.
Luke 12:32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.
Luke 13:24-25 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. ... When once the master of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are:
2 Peter 2:5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth [person], a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

by:

Genesis 7:17-23 And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. ... And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained [alive], and they that [were] with him in the ark.
2 Corinthians 2:15-16 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: ... To the one [we are] the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who [is] sufficient for these things?
Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
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Gn 6:3, 5, 13, 14; 7:1, 13, 17, 23; 8:1, 18. Is 30:18. Mt 7:14; 24:37. Lk 12:32; 13:24; 17:26. Ro 2:4; 9:22. 2Co 2:15. Ep 5:26. He 11:7. 2P 2:5; 3:15.

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