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1 Peter 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— having a good conscience; that, wherein ye are spoken against, they may be put to shame who revile your good manner of life in Christ.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evil-doers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good deportment in Christ.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— having a good conscience, that [as to that] in which they speak against you as evildoers, they may be ashamed who calumniate your good conversation in Christ.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Having, a good conscience, in order that, wherein they speak against you, they may be put to shame who cast wanton insult on, your good behaviour in Christ.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— having a good conscience, that in that in which they speak against you as evil-doers, they may be ashamed who are traducing your good behaviour in Christ;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But with modesty and fear, having a good conscience: that whereas they speak evil of you, they may be ashamed who falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hauing a good conscience, that whereas they speake euill of you, as of euill doers, they may bee ashamed that falsly accuse your good conuersation in Christ.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— with meekness and with seriousness, while you have a good conscience; that as they speak against you as against evil men, they may be made ashamed who have traduced your good conversations in the Meshiha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— in meekness and respect, as having a good conscience; so that they who speak against you as bad men, may be ashamed, for having calumniated your good conduct in the Messiah.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Having 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
a good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
conscience; 4893
{4893} Prime
συνείδησις
suneidesis
{soon-i'-day-sis}
From a prolonged form of G4894; co-perception, that is, moral consciousness.
that, 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
whereas 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
they speak evil y2635
[2635] Standard
καταλαλέω
katalaleo
{kat-al-al-eh'-o}
From G2637; to be a traducer, that is, to slander.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
of x2635
(2635) Complement
καταλαλέω
katalaleo
{kat-al-al-eh'-o}
From G2637; to be a traducer, that is, to slander.
you, 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
of evildoers, 2555
{2555} Prime
κακοποιός
kakopoios
{kak-op-oy-os'}
From G2556 and G4160; a bad doer; (specifically) a criminal.
they may be ashamed 2617
{2617} Prime
καταισχύνω
kataischuno
{kat-ahee-skhoo'-no}
From G2596 and G0153; to shame down, that is, disgrace or (by implication) put to the blush.
z5686
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
that falsely accuse 1908
{1908} Prime
ἐπηρεάζω
epereazo
{ep-ay-reh-ad'-zo}
From a compound of G1909 and (probably) ἀρειά [[areia]] (threats); to insult, slander.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
conversation 391
{0391} Prime
ἀναστροφή
anastrophe
{an-as-trof-ay'}
From G0390; behavior.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
Christ. 5547
{5547} Prime
Χριστός
Christos
{khris-tos'}
From G5548; anointed, that is, the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 3:16

_ _ Having a good conscience — the secret spring of readiness to give account of our hope. So hope and good conscience go together in Acts 24:15, Acts 24:16. Profession without practice has no weight. But those who have a good conscience can afford to give an account of their hope “with meekness.”

_ _ whereas — (1 Peter 2:12).

_ _ they speak evil of you, as of evildoers — One oldest manuscript reads, “ye are spoken against,” omitting the rest.

_ _ falsely accuse — “calumniate”; the Greek expresses malice shown in deeds as well as in words. It is translated, “despitefully use,” Matthew 5:44; Luke 6:28.

_ _ conversation — life, conduct.

_ _ in Christ — who is the very element of your life as Christians. “In Christ” defines “good.” It is your good walk as Christians, not as citizens, that calls forth malice (1 Peter 4:4, 1 Peter 4:5, 1 Peter 4:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Peter 3:16-17

_ _ The confession of a Christian's faith cannot credibly be supported but by the two means here specified — a good conscience and a good conversation. conscience is good when it does its office well, when it is kept pure and uncorrupt, and clear from guilt; then it will justify you, though men accuse you. A good conversation in Christ is a holy life, according to the doctrine and example of Christ. “Look well to your conscience, and to your conversation; and then, though men speak evil of you, and falsely accuse you as evil-doers, you will clear yourselves, and bring them to shame. Perhaps you may think it hard to suffer for well-doing, for keeping a good conscience and a good conversation; but be not discouraged, for it is better for you, though worse for your enemies, that you suffer for well-doing than for evil-doing.” Learn, 1. The most conscientious persons cannot escape the censures and slanders of evil men; they will speak evil of them, as of evil-doers, and charge them with crimes which their very souls abhor: Christ and his apostles were so used. 2. A good conscience and a good conversation are the best means to secure a good name; these give a solid reputation and a lasting one. 3. False accusation generally turns to the accuser's shame, by discovering at last the accuser's indiscretion, injustice, falsehood, and uncharitableness. 4. It is sometimes the will of God that good people should suffer for well-doing, for their honesty and for their faith. 5. As well-doing sometimes exposes a good man to suffering, so evil-doing will not exempt an evil man from it. The apostle supposes here that a man may suffer for both. If the sufferings of good people for well-doing be so severe, what will the sufferings of wicked people be for evil-doing? It is a sad condition which that person is in upon whom sin and suffering meet together at the same time; sin makes sufferings to be extreme, unprofitable, comfortless, and destructive.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 3:16

Having a good conscience — So much the more beware of anger, to which the very consciousness of your innocence may betray you. Join with a good conscience meekness and fear, and you obtain a complete victory. Your good conversation in Christ — That is, which flows from faith in him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a good:

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
1 Peter 2:19 For this [is] thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully.
Acts 24:16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God, and [toward] men.
Romans 9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
2 Corinthians 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
1 Timothy 1:19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
2 Timothy 1:3 I thank God, whom I serve from [my] forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;
Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Hebrews 13:18 Pray for us: for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly.

whereas:

1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by [your] good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.
Titus 2:8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

falsely:

Matthew 5:11 Blessed are ye, when [men] shall revile you, and persecute [you], and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.

good:

1 Peter 3:1-2 Likewise, ye wives, [be] in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives; ... While they behold your chaste conversation [coupled] with fear.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 5:11. Ac 24:16. Ro 9:1. 2Co 1:12; 4:2. 1Ti 1:5, 19. 2Ti 1:3. Tit 2:8. He 9:14; 13:18. 1P 2:12, 19; 3:1, 21.

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