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1 Peter 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For, He that would love life, And see good days, Let him refrain his tongue from evil, And his lips that they speak no guile:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For, “THE ONE WHO DESIRES LIFE, TO LOVE AND SEE GOOD DAYS, MUST KEEP HIS TONGUE FROM EVIL AND HIS LIPS FROM SPEAKING DECEIT.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he that will love life, and see good days, let him restrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For he that will love life and see good days, let him cause his tongue to cease from evil and his lips that they speak no guile.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, he that desireth to love, life, and to see good days, Let him cause his tongue to cease from mischief, and lips, that they speak not deceit;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for 'he who is willing to love life, and to see good days, let him guard his tongue from evil, and his lips—not to speak guile;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For he that will love life and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For hee that will loue life, and see good dayes, let him refraine his tongue from euil, and his lips that they speake no guile:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Who then willeth life, And loveth good days to see? Let him keep his tongue from evil, And his lips that they speak not guile.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore, whoever chooseth life, and desireth to see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he that will 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
love 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
life, 2222
{2222} Prime
ζωή
zoe
{dzo-ay'}
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
see 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
good 18
{0018} Prime
ἀγαθός
agathos
{ag-ath-os'}
A primary word; 'good' (in any sense, often as noun).
days, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
let him refrain 3973
{3973} Prime
παύω
pauo
{pow'-o}
A primn. verb ('pause'); to stop (transitive or intransitive), that is, restrain, quit, desist, come to an end.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
tongue 1100
{1100} Prime
γλῶσσα
glossa
{gloce-sah'}
Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unacquired).
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
evil, 2556
{2556} Prime
κακός
kakos
{kak-os'}
Apparently a primary word; worthless (intrinsically such; whereas G4190 properly refers to effects), that is, (subjectively) depraved, or (objectively) injurious.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
lips 5491
{5491} Prime
χεῖλος
cheilos
{khi'-los}
From a form of the same as G5490; a lip (as a pouring place); figuratively a margin (of water).
that they speak 2980
{2980} Prime
λαλέω
laleo
{lal-eh'-o}
A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb; to talk, that is, utter words.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
no 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
guile: 1388
{1388} Prime
δόλος
dolos
{dol'-os}
From δέλλω [[dello]] (an obsolete primary probably meaning to decoy; compare G1185); a trick (bait), that is, (figuratively) wile.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 3:10

_ _ will loveGreek, “wishes to love.” He who loves life (present and eternal), and desires to continue to do so, not involving himself in troubles which will make this life a burden, and cause him to forfeit eternal life. Peter confirms his exhortation, 1 Peter 3:9, by Psalms 34:12-16.

_ _ refrain — curb, literally, “cause to cease”; implying that our natural inclination and custom is to speak evil. “Men commonly think that they would be exposed to the wantonness of their enemies if they did not strenuously vindicate their rights. But the Spirit promises a life of blessedness to none but those who are gentle and patient of evils” [Calvin].

_ _ evil ... guile — First he warns against sins of the tongue, evil-speaking, and deceitful, double-tongued speaking; next, against acts of injury to one’s neighbor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 3:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 3:10

For he that desireth to love life, and to see good days — That would make life amiable and desirable. Psalms 34:12, &c.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 3:10

(13) For he that will love life, and (h) see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:

(13) A secret objection: But this our patience shall be nothing else but an inciting and hardening of the wicked in their wickedness, to make them set upon us more boldly and destroy us. Indeed (faith the apostle by the words of David) to live without doing harm, and to follow after peace when it flies away, is the way to that happy and quiet peace. If so be any man be afflicted for doing justly, the Lord marks all things, and will in his time deliver the godly, who cry to him, and will destroy the wicked.

(h) Lead a blessed and happy life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he:

Psalms 34:12-16 What man [is he that] desireth life, [and] loveth [many] days, that he may see good? ... The face of the LORD [is] against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.

love:

Deuteronomy 32:47 For it [is] not a vain thing for you; because it [is] your life: and through this thing ye shall prolong [your] days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.
Job 2:4 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
Proverbs 3:2 For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee.
Proverbs 3:18 She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her.
Proverbs 4:22 For they [are] life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh.
Proverbs 8:35 For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the LORD.
Matthew 19:17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? [there is] none good but one, [that is], God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.
Mark 8:35 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it.
John 12:25 He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.

see:

Job 7:7-8 O remember that my life [is] wind: mine eye shall no more see good. ... The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no [more]: thine eyes [are] upon me, and I [am] not.
Job 9:25 Now my days are swifter than a post: they flee away, they see no good.
Job 33:28 He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
Psalms 27:13 [I had fainted], unless I had believed to see the goodness of the LORD in the land of the living.
Psalms 49:19 He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.
Psalms 106:5 That I may see the good of thy chosen, that I may rejoice in the gladness of thy nation, that I may glory with thine inheritance.
Ecclesiastes 2:3 I sought in mine heart to give myself unto wine, yet acquainting mine heart with wisdom; and to lay hold on folly, till I might see what [was] that good for the sons of men, which they should do under the heaven all the days of their life.
Matthew 13:16-17 But blessed [are] your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. ... For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous [men] have desired to see [those things] which ye see, and have not seen [them]; and to hear [those things] which ye hear, and have not heard [them].

refrain:

James 1:26 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion [is] vain.
James 3:1-10 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. ... Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

speak:

1 Peter 2:1 Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
1 Peter 2:22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
Revelation 14:5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:47. Jb 2:4; 7:7; 9:25; 33:28. Ps 27:13; 34:12; 49:19; 106:5. Pv 3:2, 18; 4:22; 8:35. Ec 2:3. Mt 13:16; 19:17. Mk 8:35. Jn 1:47; 12:25. Jm 1:26; 3:1. 1P 2:1, 22. Rv 14:5.

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