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1 Peter 2:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting [Himself] to Him who judges righteously;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who, [when] reviled, reviled not again; [when] suffering, threatened not; but gave [himself] over into the hands of him who judges righteously;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, being reviled, was not reviling again, suffering, he was not threatening, but was making surrender unto him that judgeth righteously,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who being reviled—was not reviling again, suffering—was not threatening, and was committing himself to Him who is judging righteously,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who, when he was reviled, did not revile: when he suffered, he threatened not, but delivered himself to him that judged him unjustly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who when hee was reuiled, reuiled not againe; when hee suffered, hee threatned not, but committed [himselfe] to him that iudgeth righteously.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who was reviled and reviled not, and suffered and threatened not, but delivered his cause to the Judge of righteousness;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— When he was reviled, be reviled not; and he suffered and threatened not, but committed his cause to the Judge of righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who, 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
when he was reviled, 3058
{3058} Prime
λοιδορέω
loidoreo
{loy-dor-eh'-o}
From G3060; to reproach, that is, vilify.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
reviled y486
[0486] Standard
ἀντιλοιδορέω
antiloidoreo
{an-tee-loy-dor-eh'-o}
From G0473 and G3058; to rail in reply.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
again; 486
{0486} Prime
ἀντιλοιδορέω
antiloidoreo
{an-tee-loy-dor-eh'-o}
From G0473 and G3058; to rail in reply.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
when he suffered, 3958
{3958} Prime
πάσχω
pascho
{pas'-kho}
Apparently a primary verb (the third form used only in certain tenses for it); to experience a sensation or impression (usually painful).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
he threatened 546
{0546} Prime
ἀπειλέω
apeileo
{ap-i-leh'-o}
Of uncertain derivation; to menace; by implication to forbid.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
not; 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
committed 3860
{3860} Prime
παραδίδωμι
paradidomi
{par-ad-id'-o-mee}
From G3844 and G1325; to surrender, that is, yield up, intrust, transmit.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
[himself] to him that judgeth 2919
{2919} Prime
κρίνω
krino
{kree'-no}
Properly to distinguish, that is, decide (mentally or judicially); by implication to try, condemn, punish.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
righteously: 1346
{1346} Prime
δικαίως
dikaios
{dik-ah'-yoce}
Adverb from G1342; equitably.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 2:23

_ _ Servants are apt to “answer again” (Titus 2:9). Threats of divine judgment against oppressors are often used by those who have no other arms, as for instance, slaves. Christ, who as Lord could have threatened with truth, never did so.

_ _ committed himself — or His cause, as man in His suffering. Compare the type, Jeremiah 11:20. In this Peter seems to have before his mind Isaiah 53:8. Compare Romans 12:19, on our corresponding duty. Leave your case in His hands, not desiring to make Him executioner of your revenge, but rather praying for enemies. God’s righteous judgment gives tranquillity and consolation to the oppressed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 2:13-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

See commentary on 1 Peter 2:22-23.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 2:23

Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but (24) committed [himself] to him (25) that judgeth righteously:

(24) He shows them a remedy against injuries, that is, that they commend their cause to God, by the example of Christ.

(25) He seems now to turn his speech to masters, who have also themselves a master and judge in heaven, who will justly avenge the injuries that are done to servants, without any respecting of people.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when he was:

Psalms 38:12-14 They also that seek after my life lay snares [for me]: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long. ... Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth [are] no reproofs.
Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
Matthew 27:39-44 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, ... The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
Mark 14:60-61 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what [is it which] these witness against thee? ... But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?
Mark 15:29-32 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days, ... Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
Luke 22:64-65 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee? ... And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.
Luke 23:9 Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing.
Luke 23:34-39 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. ... And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
John 8:48-49 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil? ... Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me.
John 19:9-11 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. ... Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power [at all] against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
Acts 8:32-35 The place of the scripture which he read was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, so opened he not his mouth: ... Then Philip opened his mouth, and began at the same scripture, and preached unto him Jesus.
Hebrews 12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.

threatened:

Acts 4:29 And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak thy word,
Acts 9:1 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,
Ephesians 6:9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.

but:

1 Peter 4:19 Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls [to him] in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.
Psalms 10:14 Thou hast seen [it]; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite [it] with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.
Psalms 31:5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.
Psalms 37:5 Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring [it] to pass.
Luke 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.
Acts 7:59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon [God], and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.
2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.

himself:
or, his cause

judgeth:

Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Psalms 7:11 God judgeth the righteous, and God is angry [with the wicked] every day.
Psalms 96:13 Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.
Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
2 Thessalonians 1:5 [Which is] a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer:
2 Timothy 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:25. Ps 7:11; 10:14; 31:5; 37:5; 38:12; 96:13. Is 53:7. Mt 27:39. Mk 14:60; 15:29. Lk 22:64; 23:9, 34, 46. Jn 8:48; 19:9. Ac 4:29; 7:59; 8:32; 9:1; 17:31. Ro 2:5. Ep 6:9. 2Th 1:5. 2Ti 1:12; 4:8. He 12:3. 1P 4:19. Rv 19:11.

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