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1 Peter 2:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— as newborn babes, long for the spiritual milk which is without guile, that ye may grow thereby unto salvation;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— like newborn babies, long for the pure milk of the word, so that by it you may grow in respect to salvation,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As new-born babes, desire the pure milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— as newborn babes desire earnestly the pure mental milk of the word, that by it ye may grow up to salvation,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As new-born babes, for the pure milk that is for the mind, eagerly crave, that, thereby, ye may grow unto salvation:—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— as new-born babes the word's pure milk desire ye, that in it ye may grow,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As newborn babes, desire the rational milk without guile, that thereby you may grow unto salvation:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As new borne babes desire the sincere milke of the word, that ye may grow thereby,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and be as (new)-born babes, and be desirous of the word as of milk pure and spiritual, that by it you may increase unto life.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And be like infant children; and crave the word, as being the pure spiritual milk by which ye are nourished up to life;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As 5613
{5613} Prime
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
newborn 738
{0738} Prime
From G0737 and G1084; just born, that is, (figuratively) a young convert.
babes, 1025
{1025} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; an infant (properly unborn) literally or figuratively.
desire 1971
{1971} Prime
From G1909 and ποθέω [[potheo]] (to yearn); to dote upon, that is, intensely crave possession (lawfully or wrongfully).
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sincere 97
{0097} Prime
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G1388; undeceitful, that is, (figuratively) unadulterated.
milk 1051
{1051} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; milk (figuratively).
of the word, 3050
{3050} Prime
From G3056; rational ('logical').
that 2443
{2443} Prime
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
ye may grow 837
{0837} Prime
A prolonged form of a primary verb; to grow ('wax'), that is, enlarge (literally or figuratively, actively or passively).
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
thereby: 1722
{1722} Prime
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 2:2

_ _ new-born babes — altogether without “guile” (1 Peter 2:1). As long as we are here we are “babes,” in a specially tender relation to God (Isaiah 40:11). The childlike spirit is indispensable if we would enter heaven. “Milk” is here not elementary truths in contradistinction to more advanced Christian truths, as in 1 Corinthians 3:2; Hebrews 5:12, Hebrews 5:13; but in contrast to “guile, hypocrisies,” etc. (1 Peter 2:1); the simplicity of Christian doctrine in general to the childlike spirit. The same “word of grace” which is the instrument in regeneration, is the instrument also of building up. “The mother of the child is also its natural nurse” [Steiger]. The babe, instead of chemically analyzing, instinctively desires and feeds on the milk; so our part is not self-sufficient rationalizing and questioning, but simply receiving the truth in the love of it (Matthew 11:25).

_ _ desireGreek, “have a yearning desire for,” or “longing after,” a natural impulse to the regenerate, “for as no one needs to teach new-born babes what food to take, knowing instinctively that a table is provided for them in their mother’s breast,” so the believer of himself thirsts after the word of God (Psalms 119:1-176). Compare Tatius’ language as to Achilles.

_ _ sincereGreek, “guileless.” Compare 1 Peter 2:1, “laying aside guile.” Irenaeus says of heretics. They mix chalk with the milk. The article, “the,” implies that besides the well-known pure milk, the Gospel, there is no other pure, unadulterated doctrine; it alone can make us guileless (1 Peter 2:1).

_ _ of the word — Not as Alford, “spiritual,” nor “reasonable,” as English Version in Romans 12:1. The Greeklogos” in Scripture is not used of the reason, or mind, but of the WORD; the preceding context requires that “the word” should be meant here; the adjective “logikosfollows the meaning of the noun logos, “word.” James 1:21, “Lay apart all filthiness ... and receive with meekness the engrafted WORD,” is exactly parallel, and confirms English Version here.

_ _ grow — The oldest manuscripts and versions read, “grow unto salvation.” Being BORN again unto salvation, we are also to grow unto salvation. The end to which growth leads is perfected salvation. “Growth is the measure of the fullness of that, not only rescue from destruction, but positive blessedness, which is implied in salvation” [Alford].

_ _ therebyGreek,in it”; fed on it; in its strength (Acts 11:14). “The word is to be desired with appetite as the cause of life, to be swallowed in the hearing, to be chewed as cud is by rumination with the understanding, and to be digested by faith” [Tertullian].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 2:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 2:2

Desire — Always, as earnestly as new born babes do, 1 Peter 1:3. The milk of the word — That word of God which nourishes the soul as milk does the body, and which is sincere, pure from all guile, so that none are deceived who cleave to it. That you may grow thereby — In faith, love, holiness, unto the full stature of Christ.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 2:2

(2) As (a) newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby:

(2) The second is, that being newly begotten and born of the new seed of the incorrupt word, drinking and sucking greedily the same word as milk, we should grow more and more in that spiritual life. And he calls it, sincere, not only because it is a most pure thing, but also that we should take heed of them which corrupt it.

(a) As it becomes new men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Peter 1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
Matthew 18:3 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Mark 10:15 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.
Romans 6:4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.
1 Corinthians 3:1 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, [even] as unto babes in Christ.
1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.

the sincere:

Psalms 19:7-10 The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple. ... More to be desired [are they] than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
1 Corinthians 3:2 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able.
Hebrews 5:12-13 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which [be] the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. ... For every one that useth milk [is] unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.


2 Samuel 23:5 Although my house [be] not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all [things], and sure: for [this is] all my salvation, and all [my] desire, although he make [it] not to grow.
Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
Hosea 14:7 They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Ephesians 2:21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:
Ephesians 4:15 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ:
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 23:5. Jb 17:9. Ps 19:7. Pv 4:18. Ho 6:3; 14:5, 7. Mal 4:2. Mt 18:3. Mk 10:15. Ro 6:4. 1Co 3:1, 2; 14:20. Ep 2:21; 4:15. 2Th 1:3. He 5:12. 1P 1:23. 2P 3:18.

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