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1 Peter 2:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Dearly beloved, I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Dearly beloved, I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Beloved, I exhort [you], as strangers and sojourners, to abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Beloved! I exhort you, as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly covetings, such as take the field against the soul;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Beloved, I call upon [you], as strangers and sojourners, to keep from the fleshly desires, that war against the soul,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Dearly beloved, I beseech you, as strangers and pilgrims, to refrain yourselves from carnal desires which war against the soul,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Dearely beloued, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrimes, abstaine from fleshly lusts, which warre against the soule,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— MY beloved, I beseech you as strangers and as sojourners, be separate from all the lusts of the body which make wars against the soul.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— My beloved, I entreat you as strangers and pilgrims, separate yourselves from all lusts of the body; for they war against the soul.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Dearly beloved, 27
{0027} Prime
ἀγαπητός
agapetos
{ag-ap-ay-tos'}
From G0025; beloved.
I beseech 3870
{3870} Prime
παρακαλέω
parakaleo
{par-ak-al-eh'-o}
From G3844 and G2564; to call near, that is, invite, invoke (by imploration, hortation or consolation).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[you] as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
strangers 3941
{3941} Prime
πάροικος
paroikos
{par'-oy-kos}
From G3844 and G3624; having a home near, that is, (as noun) a by-dweller (alien resident).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
pilgrims, 3927
{3927} Prime
παρεπίδημος
parepidemos
{par-ep-id'-ay-mos}
From G3844 and the base of G1927; an alien alongside, that is, a resident foreigner.
abstain x567
(0567) Complement
ἀπέχομαι
apechomai
{ap-ekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice (reflexive) of G0568; to hold oneself off, that is, refrain.
from y567
[0567] Standard
ἀπέχομαι
apechomai
{ap-ekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice (reflexive) of G0568; to hold oneself off, that is, refrain.
z5733
<5733> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 30
fleshly 4559
{4559} Prime
σαρκικός
sarkikos
{sar-kee-kos'}
From G4561; pertaining to flesh, that is, (by extension) bodily, temporal, or (by implication) animal, unregenerate.
lusts, 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
which 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
war 4754
{4754} Prime
στρατεύομαι
strateuomai
{strat-yoo'-om-ahee}
Middle voice from the base of G4756; to serve in a military campaign; figuratively to execute the apostolate (with its arduous duties and functions), to contend with carnal inclinations.
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
against 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
soul; 5590
{5590} Prime
ψυχή
psuche
{psoo-khay'}
From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 2:11

_ _ As heretofore he exhorted them to walk worthily of their calling, in contradistinction to their own former walk, so now he exhorts them to glorify God before unbelievers.

_ _ Dearly beloved — He gains their attention to his exhortation by assuring them of his love.

_ _ strangers and pilgrims — (1 Peter 1:17). Sojourners, literally, settlers having a house in a city without being citizens in respect to the rights of citizenship; a picture of the Christian’s position on earth; and pilgrims, staying for a time in a foreign land. Flacius thus analyzes the exhortation: (1) Purify your souls (a) as strangers on earth who must not allow yourselves to be kept back by earthly lusts, and (b) because these lusts war against the soul’s salvation. (2) Walk piously among unbelievers (a) so that they may cease to calumniate Christians, and (b) may themselves be converted to Christ.

_ _ fleshly lusts — enumerated in Galatians 5:19, etc. Not only the gross appetites which we have in common with the brutes, but all the thoughts of the unrenewed mind.

_ _ whichGreek,the which,” that is, inasmuch as being such as “war.” etc. Not only do they impede, but they assail [Bengel].

_ _ the soul — that is, against the regenerated soul; such as were those now addressed. The regenerated soul is besieged by sinful lusts. Like Samson in the lap of Delilah, the believer, the moment that he gives way to fleshly lusts, has the locks of his strength shorn, and ceases to maintain that spiritual separation from the world and the flesh of which the Nazarite vow was the type.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 2:4-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 2:11

Here begins the exhortation drawn from the second motive. Sojourners: pilgrims — The first word properly means, those who are in a strange house; the second, those who are in a strange country. You sojourn in the body; you are pilgrims in this world. Abstain from desires of anything in this house, or in this country.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 2:11

(9) Dearly beloved, (10) I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, (11) abstain from fleshly lusts, (12) which war against the soul;

(9) He returns to that general exhortation.

(10) A reason why we ought to live holy, that is, because we are citizens of heaven, and therefore we ought to live not according to the laws of this world, which is most corrupt, but of the heavenly city, although we are strangers in the world.

(11) Another argument: The children of God live not according to the flesh, that is, according to that corrupt nature, but according to the Spirit. Therefore fleshly actions should not rule us.

(12) The third argument: for although those lusts gratify us, yet they do not cease to fight against our salvation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I beseech:

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.
2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech [you] by us: we pray [you] in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.
2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, [as] workers together [with him], beseech [you] also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain.
Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
Philemon 1:9-10 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech [thee], being such an one as Paul the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ. ... I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:

as:

1 Peter 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:
Genesis 23:4 I [am] a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of a buryingplace with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.
Genesis 47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage [are] an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.
Leviticus 25:23 The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land [is] mine; for ye [are] strangers and sojourners with me.
1 Chronicles 29:15 For we [are] strangers before thee, and sojourners, as [were] all our fathers: our days on the earth [are] as a shadow, and [there is] none abiding.
Psalms 39:12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I [am] a stranger with thee, [and] a sojourner, as all my fathers [were].
Psalms 119:19 I [am] a stranger in the earth: hide not thy commandments from me.
Psalms 119:54 Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage.
Hebrews 11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of [them], and embraced [them], and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.

abstain:

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.
Acts 15:20 But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and [from] fornication, and [from] things strangled, and [from] blood.
Acts 15:29 That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well.
Romans 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
Romans 13:13-14 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. ... But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to [fulfil] the lusts [thereof].
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Galatians 5:16-21 [This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. ... Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things [that are] in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him. ... And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

war:

Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Romans 8:13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live.
Galatians 5:17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
Galatians 5:24 And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
1 Timothy 6:9-10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. ... For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
James 4:1 From whence [come] wars and fightings among you? [come they] not hence, [even] of your lusts that war in your members?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 23:4; 47:9. Lv 25:23. 1Ch 29:15. Ps 39:12; 119:19, 54. Lk 21:34. Ac 15:20, 29. Ro 7:23; 8:13; 12:1; 13:13. 2Co 5:20; 6:1; 7:1. Ga 5:16, 17, 24. Ep 4:1. 1Ti 6:9. 2Ti 2:22. Phm 1:9. He 11:13. Jm 4:1. 1P 1:1, 17; 4:2. 1Jn 2:15.

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