Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

1 Peter 2:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Putting away therefore all wickedness, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore, putting aside all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore, laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil-speakings,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Laying aside therefore all malice and all guile and hypocrisies and envyings and all evil speakings,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Putting away, therefore, all vice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envyings and all detractions,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Having put aside, then, all evil, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envyings, and all evil speakings,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore laying away all malice and all guile and dissimulations and envies and all detractions,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and enuies, and euill speakings,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— MAKE to cease therefore from you all malice and all guile, and dissimulation, and envy, and slander;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Therefore, cease ye from all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisy, and envy, and backbiting.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
laying aside 659
{0659} Prime
ἀποτίθημι
apotithemi
{ap-ot-eeth'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and G5087; to put away (literally or figuratively).
z5642
<5642> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 19
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
malice, 2549
{2549} Prime
κακία
kakia
{kak-ee'-ah}
From G2556; badness, that is, (subjectively) depravity, or (actively) malignity, or (passively) trouble.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
guile, 1388
{1388} Prime
δόλος
dolos
{dol'-os}
From δέλλω [[dello]] (an obsolete primary probably meaning to decoy; compare G1185); a trick (bait), that is, (figuratively) wile.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hypocrisies, 5272
{5272} Prime
ὑπόκρισις
hupokrisis
{hoop-ok'-ree-sis}
From G5271; acting under a feigned part; that is, (figuratively) deceit ('hypocrisy').
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
envies, 5355
{5355} Prime
φθόνος
phthonos
{fthon'-os}
Probably akin to the base of G5351; ill will (as detraction), that is, jealousy (spite).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
evil speakings, 2636
{2636} Prime
καταλαλιά
katalalia
{kat-al-al-ee'-ah}
From G2637; defamation.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 2:1

_ _ 1 Peter 2:1-25. Exhortations.

_ _ To guileless feeding on the word by the sense of their privileges as new-born babes, living stones in the spiritual temple built on Christ the chief corner-stone, and royal priests, in contrast to their former state: also to abstinence from fleshly lusts, and to walk worthily in all relations of life, so that the world without which opposes them may be constrained to glorify God in seeing their good works. Christ, the grand pattern to follow in patience under suffering for well-doing.

_ _ laying aside — once for all: so the Greek aorist expresses as a garment put off. The exhortation applies to Christians alone, for in none else is the new nature existing which, as “the inward man” (Ephesians 3:16) can cast off the old as an outward thing, so that the Christian, through the continual renewal of his inward man, can also exhibit himself externally as a new man. But to unbelievers the demand is addressed, that inwardly, in regard to the nous (mind), they must become changed, meta-noeisthai (re-pent) [Steiger]. The “therefore” resumes the exhortation begun in 1 Peter 1:22. Seeing that ye are born again of an incorruptible seed, be not again entangled in evil, which “has no substantial being, but is an acting in contrariety to the being formed in us” [Theophylact]. “Malice,” etc., are utterly inconsistent with the “love of the brethren,” unto which ye have “purified your souls” (1 Peter 1:22). The vices here are those which offend against the BROTHERLY LOVE inculcated above. Each succeeding one springs out of that which immediately precedes, so as to form a genealogy of the sins against love. Out of malice springs guile; out of guile, hypocrises (pretending to be what we are not, and not showing what we really are; the opposite of “love unfeigned,” and “without dissimulation”); out of hypocrisies, envies of those to whom we think ourselves obliged to play the hypocrite; out of envies, evil-speaking, malicious, envious detraction of others. Guile is the permanent disposition; hypocrisies the acts flowing from it. The guileless knows no envy. Compare 1 Peter 2:2, “sincere,” Greek,guileless.” “Malice delights in another’s hurt; envy pines at another’s good; guile imparts duplicity to the heart; hypocrisy (flattery) imparts duplicity to the tongue; evil-speakings wound the character of another” [Augustine].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Peter 2:1-3

_ _ The holy apostle has been recommending mutual charity, and setting forth the excellences of the word of God, calling it an incorruptible seed, and saying that it liveth and abideth for ever. He pursues his discourse, and very properly comes in with this necessary advice, Wherefore laying aside all malice, etc. These are such sins as both destroy charity and hinder the efficacy of the word, and consequently they prevent our regeneration.

_ _ I. His advice is to lay aside or put off what is evil, as one would do an old rotten garment: “Cast it away with indignation, never put it on more.”

_ _ 1. The sins to be put off, or thrown aside, are, (1.) Malice, which may be taken more generally for all sorts of wickedness, as James 1:21; 1 Corinthians 5:8. But, in a more confined sense, malice is anger resting in the bosom of fools, settled overgrown anger, retained till it inflames a man to design mischief, to do mischief, or delight in any mischief that befalls another. (2.) Guile, or deceit in words. So it comprehends flattery, falsehood, and delusion, which is a crafty imposing upon another's ignorance or weakness, to his damage. (3.) Hypocrisies. The word being plural comprehends all sorts of hypocrisies. In matters of religion hypocrisy is counterfeit piety. In civil conversation hypocrisy is counterfeit friendship, which is much practised by those who give high compliments, which they do not believe, make promises which they never intend to perform, or pretend friendship when mischief lies in their hearts. (4.) All envies; every thing that may be called envy, which is a grieving at the good and welfare of another, at their abilities, prosperity, fame, or successful labours. (5.) Evil speaking, which is detraction, speaking against another, or defaming him; it is rendered backbiting, 2 Corinthians 12:20; Romans 1:30.

_ _ 2. Hence learn, (1.) The best Christians have need to be cautioned and warned against the worst sins, such as malice, hypocrisy, envy. They are but sanctified in part, and are still liable to temptations. (2.) Our best services towards God will neither please him nor profit us if we be not conscientious in our duties to men. The sins here mentioned are offences against the second table. These must be laid aside, or else we cannot receive the word of God as we ought to do. (3.) Whereas it is said all malice, all guile, learn, That one sin, not laid aside, will hinder our spiritual profit and everlasting welfare. (4.) Malice, envy, hatred, hypocrisy, and evil-speaking, generally go together. Evil-speaking is a sign that malice and guile lie in the heart; and all of them combine to hinder our profiting by the word of God.

_ _ II. The apostle, like a wise physician, having prescribed the purging out of vicious humours, goes on to direct to wholesome and regular food, that they may grow thereby. The duty exhorted to is a strong and constant desire for the word of God, which word is here called reasonable milk, only, this phrase not being proper English, our translators rendered it the milk of the word, by which we are to understand food proper for the soul, or a reasonable creature, whereby the mind, not the body, is nourished and strengthened. This milk of the word must be sincere, not adulterated by the mixtures of men, who often corrupt the word of God, 2 Corinthians 2:17. The manner in which they are to desire this sincere milk of the word is stated thus: As new-born babes. He puts them in mind of their regeneration. A new life requires suitable food. They, being newly born, must desire the milk of the word. Infants desire common milk, and their desires towards it are fervent and frequent, arising from an impatient sense of hunger, and accompanied with the best endeavours of which the infant is capable. Such must Christians' desires be for the word of God: and that for this end, that they may grow thereby, that we may improve in grace and the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour, 2 Peter 3:18. Learn, 1. Strong desires and affections to the word of God are a sure evidence of a person's being born again. If they be such desires as the babe has for the milk, they prove that the person is new-born. They are the lowest evidence, but yet they are certain. 2. Growth and improvement in wisdom and grace are the design and desire of every Christian; all spiritual means are for edification and improvement. The word of God, rightly used, does not leave a man as it finds him, but improves and makes him better.

_ _ III. He adds an argument from their own experience: If so be, or since that, or forasmuch as, you have tasted that the Lord is gracious, 1 Peter 2:3. The apostle does not express a doubt, but affirms that these good Christians had tasted the goodness of God, and hence argues with them. “You ought to lay aside these vile sins (1 Peter 2:1); you ought to desire the word of God; you ought to grow thereby, since you cannot deny but that you have tasted that the Lord is gracious.” The next verse assures us that the Lord here spoken of is the Lord Jesus Christ. Hence learn, 1. Our Lord Jesus Christ is very gracious to his people. He is in himself infinitely good; he is very kind, free, and merciful to miserable sinners; he is pitiful and good to the undeserving; he has in him a fulness of grace. 2. The graciousness of our Redeemer is best discovered by an experimental taste of it. There must be an immediate application of the object to the organ of taste; we cannot taste at a distance, as we may see, and hear, and smell. To taste the graciousness of Christ experimentally supposes our being united to him by faith, and then we may taste his goodness in all his providences, in all our spiritual concerns, in all our fears and temptations, in his word and worship every day. 3. The best of God's servants have in this life but a taste of the grace of Christ. A taste is but a little; it is not a draught, nor does it satisfy. It is so with the consolations of God in this life. 4. The word of God is the great instrument whereby he discovers and communicates his grace to men. Those who feed upon the sincere milk of the word taste and experience most of his grace. In our converses with his word we should endeavour always to understand and experience more and more of his grace.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 2:1

Wherefore laying aside — As inconsistent with that pure love. All dissimulation — Which is the outward expression of guile in the heart.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 2:1

Wherefore (1) laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings,

(1) Having laid for the foundation the Spirit of God effectually working by the word, and having built on it three virtues which are the grounds of all Christian actions, that is, faith, hope, and charity: now he proceeds to a general exhortation the first part being that we flee all show of both secret and open malice.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Wherefore:

1 Peter 1:18-25 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers; ... But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

laying:

1 Peter 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
Isaiah 2:20 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made [each one] for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats;
Isaiah 30:22 Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
Ezekiel 18:31-32 Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel? ... For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn [yourselves], and live ye.
Romans 13:12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
Ephesians 4:22-25 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; ... Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
Colossians 3:5-8 Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry: ... But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset [us], and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
James 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
James 5:9 Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.

malice:

1 Peter 2:16 As free, and not using [your] liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.
1 Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.
Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
Titus 3:3-5 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another. ... Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;

guile:

1 Peter 2:22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
1 Peter 3:10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:
Psalms 32:2 Blessed [is] the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit [there is] no guile.
Psalms 34:13 Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.
John 1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
1 Thessalonians 2:3 For our exhortation [was] not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:
Revelation 14:5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.

hypocrisies:

Job 36:13 But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them.
Matthew 7:5 Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye.
Matthew 15:7 [Ye] hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,
Matthew 23:28 Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
Matthew 24:51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Mark 12:15 Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see [it].
Luke 6:42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye.
Luke 11:44 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that walk over [them] are not aware [of them].
Luke 12:1 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

envies:

1 Samuel 18:8-9 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed [but] thousands: and [what] can he have more but the kingdom? ... And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
Psalms 37:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity.
Psalms 73:3 For I was envious at the foolish, [when] I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
Proverbs 3:31 Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.
Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart [is] the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.
Proverbs 24:1 Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire to be with them.
Proverbs 24:19 Fret not thyself because of evil [men], neither be thou envious at the wicked;
Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
1 Corinthians 3:2-3 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it], neither yet now are ye able. ... For ye are yet carnal: for whereas [there is] among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
Galatians 5:21-26 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. ... Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.
James 3:14 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
James 3:16 For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
James 4:5 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy?

all evil:

1 Peter 4:4 Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with [them] to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of [you]:
Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:
Colossians 3:8 But now ye also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.
1 Timothy 3:11 Even so [must their] wives [be] grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that [they be] in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;
James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of [his] brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 18:8. Jb 36:13. Ps 32:2; 34:13; 37:1; 73:3. Pv 3:31; 14:30; 24:1, 19. Is 2:20; 30:22. Ezk 18:31. Mt 7:5; 15:7; 23:28; 24:51. Mk 12:15. Lk 6:42; 11:44; 12:1. Jn 1:47. Ro 1:29; 13:12, 13. 1Co 3:2; 5:8; 14:20. 2Co 12:20. Ga 5:21. Ep 4:22, 31. Col 3:5, 8. 1Th 2:3. 1Ti 3:11. Tit 2:3; 3:3. He 12:1. Jm 1:21; 3:14, 16, 17; 4:5, 11; 5:9. 1P 1:18; 2:16, 22; 3:10; 4:2, 4. Rv 14:5.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on 1 Peter 2:1.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on 1 Peter 2:1


Recent Chat Bible Comments