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1 Peter 1:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— having been begotten again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the word of God, which liveth and abideth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, [that is], through the living and enduring word of God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by [the] living and abiding word of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Having been regenerated—Not out of corruptible seed, but incorruptible—through means of the word of a Living and Abiding God;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— being begotten again, not out of seed corruptible, but incorruptible, through a word of God—living and remaining—to the age;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but incorruptible, by the word of God who liveth and remaineth for ever.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Being borne againe, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God which liueth and abideth for euer.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— as men who are regenerated, not by a perishable seed, but by that which is imperishable, by the living word of Aloha which abideth for ever.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— like persons born again, not of seed that perisheth, but of that which doth not perish, by the living word of God, who abideth for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Being born again, 313
{0313} Prime
ἀναγεννάω
anagennao
{an-ag-en-nah'-o}
From G0303 and G1080; to beget or (by extension) bear (again).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
corruptible 5349
{5349} Prime
φθαρτός
phthartos
{fthar-tos'}
From G5351; decayed, that is, (by implication) perishable.
seed, 4701
{4701} Prime
σπορά
spora
{spor-ah'}
From G4687; a sowing, that is, (by implication) parentage.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
of incorruptible, 862
{0862} Prime
ἄφθαρτος
aphthartos
{af'-thar-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G5351; undecaying (in essence or continuance).
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the word 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
of God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
which liveth 2198
{2198} Prime
ζάω
zao
{dzah'-o}
A primary verb; to live (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
abideth 3306
{3306} Prime
μένω
meno
{men'-o}
A primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
for y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
ever. 165
{0165} Prime
αἰών
aion
{ahee-ohn'}
From the same as G0104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future).
x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 1:23

_ _ Christian brotherhood flows from our new birth of an imperishable seed, the abiding word of God. This is the consideration urged here to lead us to exercise brotherly love. As natural relationship gives rise to natural affection, so spiritual relationship gives rise to spiritual, and therefore abiding love, even as the seed from which it springs is abiding, not transitory as earthly things.

_ _ of ... of ... by — “The word of God” is not the material of the spiritual new birth, but its mean or medium. By means of the word the man receives the incorruptible seed of the Holy Spirit, and so becomes one “born again”: John 3:3-5, “born of water and the Spirit”: as there is but one Greek article to the two nouns, the close connection of the sign and the grace, or new birth signified is implied. The word is the remote and anterior instrument; baptism, the proximate and sacramental instrument. The word is the instrument in relation to the individual; baptism, in relation to the Church as a society (James 1:18). We are born again of the Spirit, yet not without the use of means, but by the word of God. The word is not the begetting principle itself, but only that by which it works: the vehicle of the mysterious germinating power [Alford].

_ _ which liveth and abideth for ever — It is because the Spirit of God accompanies it that the word carries in it the germ of life. They who are so born again live and abide for ever, in contrast to those who sow to the flesh. “The Gospel bears incorruptible fruits, not dead works, because it is itself incorruptible” [Bengel]. The word is an eternal divine power. For though the voice or speech vanishes, there still remains the kernel, the truth comprehended in the voice. This sinks into the heart and is living; yea, it is God Himself. So God to Moses, Exodus 4:12, “I will be with thy mouth” [Luther]. The life is in God, yet it is communicated to us through the word. “The Gospel shall never cease, though its ministry shall” [Calovius]. The abiding resurrection glory is always connected with our regeneration by the Spirit. Regeneration beginning with renewing man’s soul at the resurrection, passes on to the body, then to the whole world of nature.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 1:13-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 1:23

Which liveth — Is full of divine virtue. And abideth the same for ever.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
born:

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

not:

Malachi 2:3 Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your faces, [even] the dung of your solemn feasts; and [one] shall take you away with it.
Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
1 Corinthians 15:53-54 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal [must] put on immortality. ... So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.

but:

1 John 3:9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.
1 John 5:18 We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not; but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself, and that wicked one toucheth him not.

by:

1 Peter 1:25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.
Jeremiah 23:28 The prophet that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; and he that hath my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What [is] the chaff to the wheat? saith the LORD.
Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, [they] are spirit, and [they] are life.
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jr 23:28. Mal 2:3. Mt 24:35. Jn 1:3; 3:5; 6:63. Ro 1:23. 1Co 15:53. He 4:12. Jm 1:18. 1P 1:3, 25. 1Jn 3:9; 5:18.

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