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1 Peter 1:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who through him are believers in God, that raised him from the dead, and gave him glory; so that your faith and hope might be in God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who by him do believe in God, that raised him from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who by him do believe on God, who has raised him from among [the] dead and given him glory, that your faith and hope should be in God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— who, through him, are faithful towards God,—Who raised him from among the dead, and glory to him gave, So that your faith and hope are directed towards God:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who through him do believe in God, who did raise out of the dead, and glory to him did give, so that your faith and hope may be in God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who through him are faithful in God who raised him up from the dead and hath given him glory, that your faith and hope might be in God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who by him do beleeue in God that raised him vp from the dead, and gaue him glorie, that your faith and hope might be in God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who by him believe in Aloha, who raised him from the dead, and gave him glory, that your faith and your hope may be in Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who, by means of him, have believed in God, who raised him from the dead and conferred glory on him; that your faith and hope might be in God,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
by 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
do believe 4100
{4100} Prime
πιστεύω
pisteuo
{pist-yoo'-o}
From G4102; to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing), that is, credit; by implication to entrust (especially one's spiritual well being to Christ).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
that raised y1453
[1453] Standard
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
him y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
up 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the dead, 3498
{3498} Prime
νεκρός
nekros
{nek-ros'}
From an apparently primary word νέκυς [[nekus]] (a corpse); dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
gave 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
glory; 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
that 5620
{5620} Prime
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
faith 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hope 1680
{1680} Prime
ἐλπίς
elpis
{el-pece'}
From ἔλπω [[elpo]] which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence.
might be 1511
{1511} Prime
εἶναι
einai
{i'-nahee}
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
z5750
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 1:21

_ _ by him — Compare “the faith which is by Him,Acts 3:16. Through Christ: His Spirit, obtained for us in His resurrection and ascension, enabling us to believe. This verse excludes all who do not “by Him believe in God,” and includes all of every age and clime that do. Literally, “are believers in God.” “To believe IN (Greek,eis’) God” expresses an internal trust: “by believing to love God, going INTO Him, and cleaving to Him, incorporated into His members. By this faith the ungodly is justified, so that thenceforth faith itself begins to work by love” [P. Lombard]. To believe ON (Greek,epi,” or dative case) God expresses the confidence, which grounds itself on God, reposing on Him. “Faith IN (Greek,en’) His blood” (Romans 3:25) implies that His blood is the element IN which faith has its proper and abiding place. Compare with this verse, Acts 20:21, “Repentance toward (Greek,eis,’ ‘into,’ turning towards and going into) God and faith toward (Greek,eis,’ ‘into’) Christ”: where, as there is but one article to both repentance and faith, the two are inseparably joined as together forming one truth; where “repentance” is, there “faith” is; when one knows God the Father spiritually, then he must know the Son by whom alone we can come to the Father. In Christ we have life: if we have not the doctrine of Christ, we have not God. The only living way to God is through Christ and His sacrifice.

_ _ that raised him — The raising of Jesus by God is the special ground of our “believing”: (1) because by it God declared openly His acceptance of Him as our righteous substitute; (2) because by it and His glorification He received power, namely, the Holy Spirit, to impart to His elect “faith”: the same power enabling us to believe as raised Him from the dead. Our faith must not only be IN Christ, but BY and THROUGH Christ. “Since in Christ’s resurrection and consequent dominion our safety is grounded, there ‘faith’ and ‘hope’ find their stay” [Calvin].

_ _ that your faith and hope might be in God — the object and effect of God’s raising Christ. He states what was the actual result and fact, not an exhortation, except indirectly. Your faith flows from His resurrection; your hope from God’s having “given Him glory” (compare 1 Peter 1:11, “glories”). Remember God’s having raised and glorified Jesus as the anchor of your faith and hope in God, and so keep alive these graces. Apart from Christ we could have only feared, not believed and hoped in God. Compare 1 Peter 1:3, 1 Peter 1:7-9, 1 Peter 1:13, on hope in connection with faith; love is introduced in 1 Peter 1:22.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 1:13-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 1:21

Who through him believe — For all our faith and hope proceed from the power of his resurrection. In God that raised Jesus, and gave him glory — At his ascension. Without Christ we should only dread God; whereas through him we believe, hope, and love.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
by:

John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 12:44 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
Hebrews 6:1 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,
Hebrews 7:25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

that raised:

Acts 2:24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
Acts 2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
Acts 4:10 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, [even] by him doth this man stand here before you whole.

gave:

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
1 Peter 3:22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure [unto him].
John 5:22-23 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son: ... That all [men] should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
John 13:31-32 Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him. ... If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.
John 17:1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:
Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.
Acts 3:13 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let [him] go.
Ephesians 1:20-23 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places], ... Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.
Philippians 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Hebrews 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

your:

Psalms 42:5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and [why] art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him [for] the help of his countenance.
Psalms 146:3-5 Put not your trust in princes, [nor] in the son of man, in whom [there is] no help. ... Happy [is he] that [hath] the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope [is] in the LORD his God:
Jeremiah 17:7 Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is.
John 14:1 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.
Ephesians 1:12-13 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. ... In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
*marg.
Ephesians 1:15 Wherefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints,
Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
1 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, [which is] our hope;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 42:5; 146:3. Jr 17:7. Mt 28:18. Jn 3:34; 5:22, 24; 12:44; 13:31; 14:1, 6; 17:1. Ac 2:24, 32, 33; 3:13, 15; 4:10. Ep 1:12, 15, 20. Php 2:9. Col 1:27. 1Ti 1:1. He 2:9; 6:1; 7:25. 1P 1:11; 3:22.

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