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1 Peter 1:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of times for your sake,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who verily was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifested in these last times for you,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— foreknown indeed before [the] foundation of [the] world, but who has been manifested at the end of times for your sakes,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Foreknown, indeed, before the foundation of the world, but made manifest at a last stage of the times, for the sake of you
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— foreknown, indeed, before the foundation of the world, and manifested in the last times because of you,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but manifested in the last times for you:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who verily was foreordeined before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— who was afore-separated for this from before the foundations of the world, and hath been manifested in these last times for you,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— who was predestined to this, before the foundation of the world; and was manifested at the termination of the times, for your sakes;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who verily 3303
{3303} Prime
μέν
men
{men}
A primary particle; properly indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with G1161 (this one, the former, etc.
was foreordained 4267
{4267} Prime
προγινώσκω
proginosko
{prog-in-oce'-ko}
From G4253 and G1097; to know beforehand, that is, foresee.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
before 4253
{4253} Prime
πρό
pro
{pro}
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
the foundation 2602
{2602} Prime
καταβολή
katabole
{kat-ab-ol-ay'}
From G2598; a deposition, that is, founding; figuratively conception.
of the world, 2889
{2889} Prime
κόσμος
kosmos
{kos'-mos}
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
but 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
was manifest 5319
{5319} Prime
φανερόω
phaneroo
{fan-er-o'-o}
From G5318; to render apparent (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
these last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
times 5550
{5550} Prime
χρόνος
chronos
{khron'-os}
Of uncertain derivation; a space of time (in genitive case, and thus properly distinguished from G2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from G0165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension an individual opportunity; by implication delay.
for 1223
{1223} Prime
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
you, 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 1:20

_ _ God’s eternal foreordination of Christ’s redeeming sacrifice, and completion of it in these last times for us, are an additional obligation on us to our maintaining a holy walk, considering how great things have been thus done for us. Peter’s language in the history corresponds with this here: an undesigned coincidence and mark of genuineness. Redemption was no afterthought, or remedy of an unforeseen evil, devised at the time of its arising. God’s foreordaining of the Redeemer refutes the slander that, on the Christian theory, there is a period of four thousand years of nothing but an incensed God. God chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4).

_ _ manifest — in His incarnation in the fullness of the time. He existed from eternity before He was manifested.

_ _ in these last times1 Corinthians 10:11, “the ends of the world.” This last dispensation, made up of “times” marked by great changes, but still retaining a general unity, stretches from Christ’s ascension to His coming to judgment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 1:13-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 1:20

(12) Who verily was foreordained before the (k) foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

(12) The taking away of an objection: what was done to the world, before Christ was sent into the world? was there no holiness before, and was there no Church? The apostle answers, that Christ was ordained and appointed to redeem and deliver mankind, before mankind was: much less was there any Church without him before his coming in the flesh: yet we are happiest about the rest, to whom Christ was exhibited indeed, in this that he having suffered and overcome death for us, does now most effectually work in us by the power of his Spirit, to create in us faith, hope, and charity.

(k) From everlasting.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
verily:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
Proverbs 8:23 I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
Romans 3:25 Whom God hath set forth [to be] a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
Romans 16:25-26 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, ... But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith:
Ephesians 1:4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
Ephesians 3:9 And to make all [men] see what [is] the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
Ephesians 3:11 According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:
Colossians 1:26 [Even] the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:
2 Timothy 1:9-10 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, ... But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel:
Titus 1:2-3 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; ... But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

but:

Acts 3:25-26 Ye are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying unto Abraham, And in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed. ... Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities.
Colossians 1:26 [Even] the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:
1 John 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen [it], and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)
1 John 3:5 And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.
1 John 3:8 He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.

in:

Galatians 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Ephesians 1:10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; [even] in him:
Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by [his] Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
Hebrews 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Pv 8:23. Mi 5:2. Ac 3:25. Ro 3:25; 16:25. Ga 4:4. Ep 1:4, 10; 3:9, 11. Col 1:26. 2Ti 1:9. Tit 1:2. He 1:2; 9:26. 1Jn 1:2; 3:5, 8; 4:9. Rv 13:8.

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