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1 Peter 1:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— knowing that ye were redeemed, not with corruptible things, with silver or gold, from your vain manner of life handed down from your fathers;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain course of life [received] by tradition from your fathers;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— knowing that ye have been redeemed, not by corruptible [things, as] silver or gold, from your vain conversation handed down from [your] fathers,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Knowing that, Not with corruptible things, with silver or gold, have ye been redeemed from your unmeaning behaviour paternally handed down,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— having known that, not with corruptible things—silver or gold—were ye redeemed from your foolish behaviour delivered by fathers,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as gold or silver, from your vain conversation of the tradition of your fathers:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For as much as ye know that yee were not redeemed with corruptible things, as siluer and golde, from your vaine conuersation [receiued] by tradition from your fathers;
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— while you know that not with silver which wasteth away, nor with gold, you have been redeemed from your vain works which you received from your fathers,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— since ye know, that neither with perishable silver, nor with gold, ye were redeemed from your vain doings, which ye had by tradition from your fathers;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Forasmuch as ye know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
ye were y3084
[3084] Standard
λυτρόω
lutroo
{loo-tro'-o}
From G3083; to ransom (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
redeemed 3084
{3084} Prime
λυτρόω
lutroo
{loo-tro'-o}
From G3083; to ransom (literally or figuratively).
z5681
<5681> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 602
with corruptible things, 5349
{5349} Prime
φθαρτός
phthartos
{fthar-tos'}
From G5351; decayed, that is, (by implication) perishable.
[as] silver 694
{0694} Prime
ἀργύριον
argurion
{ar-goo'-ree-on}
Neuter of a presumed derivative of G0696; silvery, that is, (by implication) cash; specifically a silverling (that is, drachma or shekel).
and 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
gold, 5553
{5553} Prime
χρυσίον
chrusion
{khroo-see'-on}
Diminutive of G5557; a golden article, that is, gold plating, ornament, or coin.
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
vain 3152
{3152} Prime
μάταιος
mataios
{mat'-ah-yos}
From the base of G3155; empty, that is, (literally) profitless, or (specifically) an idol.
conversation 391
{0391} Prime
ἀναστροφή
anastrophe
{an-as-trof-ay'}
From G0390; behavior.
[received] by tradition from your fathers; 3970
{3970} Prime
πατροπαράδοτος
patroparadotos
{pat-rop-ar-ad'-ot-os}
From G3962 and a derivative of G3860 (in the sense of handing over or down); traditionary.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Peter 1:18

_ _ Another motive to reverential, vigilant fear (1 Peter 1:17) of displeasing God, the consideration of the costly price of our redemption from sin. Observe, it is we who are bought by the blood of Christ, not heaven. The blood of Christ is not in Scripture said to buy heaven for us: heaven is the “inheritance” (1 Peter 1:4) given to us as sons, by the promise of God.

_ _ corruptible — Compare 1 Peter 1:7, “gold that perisheth,” 1 Peter 1:23.

_ _ silver and goldGreek, “or.” Compare Peter’s own words, Acts 3:6 : an undesigned coincidence.

_ _ redeemed — Gold and silver being liable to corruption themselves, can free no one from spiritual and bodily death; they are therefore of too little value. Contrast 1 Peter 1:19, Christ’s “precious blood.” The Israelites were ransomed with half a shekel each, which went towards purchasing the lamb for the daily sacrifice (Exodus 30:12-16; compare Numbers 3:44-51). But the Lamb who redeems the spiritual Israelites does so “without money or price.” Devoted by sin to the justice of God, the Church of the first-born is redeemed from sin and the curse with Christ’s precious blood (Matthew 20:28; 1 Timothy 2:6; Titus 2:14; Revelation 5:9). In all these passages there is the idea of substitution, the giving of one for another by way of a ransom or equivalent. Man is “sold under sin” as a slave; shut up under condemnation and the curse. The ransom was, therefore, paid to the righteously incensed Judge, and was accepted as a vicarious satisfaction for our sin by God, inasmuch as it was His own love as well as righteousness which appointed it. An Israelite sold as a bond-servant for debt might be redeemed by one of his brethren. As, therefore, we could not redeem ourselves, Christ assumed our nature in order to become our nearest of kin and brother, and so our God or Redeemer. Holiness is the natural fruit of redemption “from our vain conversation”; for He by whom we are redeemed is also He for whom we are redeemed. “Without the righteous abolition of the curse, either there could be found no deliverance, or, what is impossible, the grace and righteousness of God must have come in collision” [Steiger]; but now, Christ having borne the curse of our sin, frees from it those who are made God’s children by His Spirit.

_ _ vain — self-deceiving, unreal, and unprofitable: promising good which it does not perform. Compare as to the Gentiles, Acts 14:15; Romans 1:21; Ephesians 4:17; as to human philosophers, 1 Corinthians 3:20; as to the disobedient Jews, Jeremiah 4:14.

_ _ conversation — course of life. To know what our sin is we must know what it cost.

_ _ received by tradition from your fathers — The Jews’ traditions. “Human piety is a vain blasphemy, and the greatest sin that a man can commit” [Luther]. There is only one Father to be imitated, 1 Peter 1:17; compare Matthew 23:9, the same antithesis [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Peter 1:13-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Peter 1:18

Your vain conversation — Your foolish, sinful way of life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Peter 1:18

(11) Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, [as] silver and gold, from your vain conversation [received] by tradition from your fathers;

(11) An exhortation, in which he sets forth the excellency and greatness of the benefit of God the Father in sanctifying us by the death of his own Son. And he partly sets the purifyings of the law against the thing itself, that is, against the blood of Christ, and partly also men's traditions, which he condemns as utterly vain and superstitious, be they never so old and ancient.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye:

Psalms 49:7-8 None [of them] can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him: ... (For the redemption of their soul [is] precious, and it ceaseth for ever:)
1 Corinthians 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
1 Corinthians 7:23 Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.

corruptible:

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

vain:

Psalms 39:6 Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Psalms 62:10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart [upon them].
Jeremiah 4:11 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in the wilderness toward the daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse,
Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
1 Corinthians 3:20 And again, The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain.

received:

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
Jeremiah 9:14 But have walked after the imagination of their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them:
Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and [things] wherein [there is] no profit.
Jeremiah 44:17 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.
Ezekiel 20:18 But I said unto their children in the wilderness, Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols:
Amos 2:4 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked:
Zechariah 1:4-6 Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and [from] your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD. ... But my words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, did they not take hold of your fathers? and they returned and said, Like as the LORD of hosts thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.
Matthew 15:2-3 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. ... But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition?
Acts 7:51-52 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did], so [do] ye. ... Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
Acts 19:34-35 But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great [is] Diana of the Ephesians. ... And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, [Ye] men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the [image] which fell down from Jupiter?
Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 39:6; 49:7; 62:10. Jr 4:11; 9:14; 16:19; 44:17. Ezk 20:18. Am 2:4. Zc 1:4. Mt 15:2. Ac 7:51; 19:34. Ro 1:21. 1Co 3:20; 6:20; 7:23. Ga 1:4. 1P 1:7; 4:3.

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