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1 Kings 8:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If a man sin against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and he come [and] swear before thine altar in this house;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “If a man sins against his neighbor and is made to take an oath, and he comes [and] takes an oath before Your altar in this house,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If any man shall trespass against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thy altar in this house:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If a man have sinned against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to adjure him, and the oath come before thine altar in this house;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When a man shall sin against his neighbour, and there shall be taken up against him an oath, to put him on oath,—and he shall come in and swear before thine altar, in this house,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that which a man sinneth against his neighbour, and he hath lifted up upon him an oath to cause him to swear, and the oath hath come in before Thine altar in this house,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If any man trespass against his neighbour, and have an oath upon him, wherewith he is bound, and come, because of the oath, before thy altar, to thy house,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If any man trespasse against his neighbour, and an oath be laid vpon him to cause him to sweare, and the oath come before thine Altar in this house:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Whatsoever trespasses any [one] shall commit against his neighbor,-- and if he shall take upon him an oath so that he should swear, and he shall come and make confession before thine altar in this house,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
If x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
any man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
trespass 2398
{2398} Prime
חטא
chata'
{khaw-taw'}
A primitive root; properly to miss; hence (figuratively and generally) to sin; by inference to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, (causatively) lead astray, condemn.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against his neighbour, 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
and an oath 423
{0423} Prime
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
From H0422; an imprecation.
be laid y5375
[5375] Standard
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x5377
(5377) Complement
נָשָׁא
nasha'
{naw-shaw'}
A primitive root; to lead astray, that is, (mentally) to delude, or (morally) to seduce.
upon him to cause him to swear, 422
{0422} Prime
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; properly to adjure, that is, (usually in a bad sense) imprecate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
and the oath y423
[0423] Standard
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
From H0422; an imprecation.
x422
(0422) Complement
אָלָה
'alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; properly to adjure, that is, (usually in a bad sense) imprecate.
come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
thine altar 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
in this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
house: 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 8:22-53.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 8:31

Trespass — If he be accused of a trespass. Laid on him — Either by the judge, or by the party accusing him, or by the accused person himself: which was usual, when there were no witnesses. Thine altar — For here God, who was appealed to as witness, was especially present. Hence the Heathens used to swear at their altars.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 8:31

If any man trespass against his neighbour, (k) and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house:

(k) That is, the judge or neighbours.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
If any man:
Solomon here puts seven cases, in all of which the mercy and intervention of God would be indispensably requisite; and he earnestly bespeaks that mercy and intervention, on condition that the people pray towards that holy place, and with a feeling heart make earnest supplication to the throne of mercy.

trespass:

2 Chronicles 6:22-23 If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house; ... Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by requiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righteousness.

an oath be laid upon him:
Heb. he require an oath of him,
Exodus 22:8-11 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, [to see] whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods. ... [Then] shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept [thereof], and he shall not make [it] good.
Leviticus 5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and [is] a witness, whether he hath seen or known [of it]; if he do not utter [it], then he shall bear his iniquity.
Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny [thee], and say, Who [is] the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God [in vain].

the oath:

Numbers 5:16-22 And the priest shall bring her near, and set her before the LORD: ... And this water that causeth the curse shall go into thy bowels, to make [thy] belly to swell, and [thy] thigh to rot: And the woman shall say, Amen, amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:8. Lv 5:1. Nu 5:16. 2Ch 6:22. Pv 30:9.

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