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1 Kings 8:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then spake Solomon, Jehovah hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then spake Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Solomon said, “The LORD has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then spoke Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then said Solomon: Jehovah said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, said Solomon,—Yahweh, said, that he would make his habitation in thick gloom:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then said Solomon, 'Jehovah hath said to dwell in thick darkness;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then Solomon said: The Lord said that he would dwell in a cloud.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then spake Solomon; The LORD said that hee would dwell in the thicke darkenesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then spake Shelomoh, Yahweh said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then x227
(0227) Complement
אָז
'az
{awz}
A demonstrative adverb; at that time or place; also as a conjugation, therefore.
spake 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
lm שְׁלֹמֹה, 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
that he would dwell 7931
{7931} Prime
שָׁכַן
shakan
{shaw-kan'}
A primitive root (apparently akin (by transmutation) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; compare H5531 and H7925); to reside or permanently stay (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
in the thick darkness. 6205
{6205} Prime
עֲרָפֶל
`araphel
{ar-aw-fel'}
Probably from H6201; gloom (as of a lowering sky).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 8:12

_ _ 1 Kings 8:12-21. Solomon’s blessing.

_ _ Then spake Solomon — For the reassurance of the priests and people, the king reminded them that the cloud, instead of being a sign ominous of evil, was a token of approval.

_ _ The Lord said — not in express terms, but by a continuous course of action (Exodus 13:21; Exodus 24:16; Numbers 9:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Kings 8:12-21

_ _ Here, I. Solomon encourages the priests, who came out of the temple from their ministration, much astonished at the dark cloud that overshadowed them. The disciples of Christ feared when they entered into the cloud, though it was a bright cloud (Luke 9:34), so did the priests when they found themselves wrapped in a thick cloud. To silence their fears, 1. He reminds them of that which they could not but know, that this was a token of God's presence (1 Kings 8:12): The Lord said he would dwell in the thick darkness. It is so far from being a token of his displeasure that it is an indication of his favour; for he had said, I will appear in a cloud, Leviticus 16:2. Note, Nothing is more effectual to reconcile us to dark dispensations than to consider what God hath said, and to compare his word and works together; as Leviticus 10:3, This is that which the Lord hath said. God is light (1 John 1:5), and he dwells in light (1 Timothy 6:16), but he dwells with men in the thick darkness, makes that his pavilion, because they could not bear the dazzling brightness of his glory. Verily thou art a God that hidest thyself. Thus our holy faith is exercised and our holy fear is increased. Where God dwells in light faith is swallowed up in vision and fear in love. 2. He himself bids it welcome, as worthy of all acceptation; and since God, by this cloud, came down to take possession, he does, in a few words, solemnly give him possession (1 Kings 8:13): “Surely I come,” says God. “Amen,” says Solomon, “Even so, come, Lord,. The house is thy own, entirely thy own, I have surely built it for thee, and furnished it for thee; it is for ever thy own, a settled place for thee to abide in for ever; it shall never be alienated nor converted to any other use; the ark shall never be removed from it, never unsettled again.” It is Solomon's joy that God has taken possession; and it is his desire that he would keep possession. Let not the priests therefore dread that in which Solomon so much triumphs.

_ _ II. He instructs the people, and gives them a plain account concerning this house, which they now saw God take possession of. He spoke briefly to the priests, to satisfy them (a word to the wise), but turned his face about (1 Kings 8:14) from them to the congregation that stood in the outer court, and addressed himself to them largely.

_ _ 1. He blessed them. When they saw the dark cloud enter the temple they blessed themselves, being astonished at it and afraid lest the thick darkness should be utter darkness to them. The amazing sight, such as they had never seen in their days, we may suppose, drove every man to his prayers, and the vainest minds were made serious by it. Solomon therefore set in with their prayers, and blessed them all, as one having authority (for the less is blessed of the better); in God's name, he spoke peace to them, and a blessing, like that with which the angel blessed Gideon when he was in a fright, upon a similar occasion. Judges 6:22, Judges 6:23, Peace be unto thee. Fear not; thou shalt not die. Solomon blessed them, that is, he pacified them, and freed them from the consternation they were in. To receive this blessing, they all stood up, in token of reverence and readiness to hear and accept it. It is a proper posture to be in when the blessing is pronounced.

_ _ 2. He informed them concerning this house which he had built and was now dedicating.

_ _ (1.) He began his account with a thankful acknowledgment of the good hand of his God upon him hitherto: Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, 1 Kings 8:15. What we have the pleasure of God must have the praise of. He thus engaged the congregation to lift up their hearts in thanksgivings to God, which would help to still the tumult of spirit which, probably, they were in. “Come,” says he, “let God's awful appearances not drive us from him, but draw us to him; let us bless the Lord God of Israel.” Thus Job, under a dark scene, blessed the name of the Lord. Solomon here blessed God, [1.] For his promise which he spoke with his mouth to David. [2.] For the performance, that he had now fulfilled it with his hand. We have then the best sense of God's mercies, and most grateful both to ourselves and to our God, when we run up those streams to the fountain of the covenant, and compare what God does with what he has said.

_ _ (2.) Solomon is now making a solemn surrender or dedication of this house unto God, delivering it to God by his own act and deed. Grants and conveyances commonly begin with recitals of what has been before done, leading to what is now done: accordingly, here is a recital of the special causes and considerations moving Solomon to build this house. [1.] He recites the want of such a place. It was necessary that this should be premised; for, according to the dispensation they were under, there must be but one place in which they must expect God to record his name. If, therefore, there were any other chosen, this would be a usurpation. But he shows, from what God himself had said, that there was no other (1 Kings 8:16): I chose no city to build a house in for my name; therefore there is occasion for the building of this. [2.] He recites David's purpose to build such a place. God chose the person first that should rule his people (I chose David, 1 Kings 8:16) and then put it into his heart to build a house for God's name, 1 Kings 8:17. It was not a project of his own, for the magnifying of himself; but his good father, of blessed memory, laid the first design of it, though he lived not to lay the first stone. [3.] He recites God's promise concerning himself. God approved his father's purpose (1 Kings 8:18): Thou didst well, that it was in thy heart. Note, Sincere intentions to do good shall be graciously approved and accepted of God, though Providence prevent our putting them in execution. The desire of a man is his kindness. See 2 Corinthians 8:12. God accepted David's good will, yet would not permit him to do the good work, but reserved the honour of it for his son (1 Kings 8:19): He shall build the house to my name; so that what he had done was not of his own head, nor for his own glory, but the work itself was according to his father's design and his doing it was according to God's designation. [4.] He recites what he himself had done, and with what intention: I have built a house, not for my own name, but for the name of the Lord God of Israel (1 Kings 8:20), and set there a place for the ark, 1 Kings 8:21. Thus all the right, title, interest, claim, and demand, whatsoever, which he or his had or might have in or to this house, or any of its appurtenances, he resigns, surrenders, and gives up, to God for ever. It is for his name, and his ark. In this, says he, the Lord hath performed his word that he spoke. Note, Whatever good we do, we must look upon it as the performance of God's promise to us, rather than the performance of our promises to him. The more we do for God the more we are indebted to him; for our sufficiency is of him, and not of ourselves.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 8:12

Then spake — Perceiving both priests and people struck with wonder at this darkness, he minds them, that this was no sign of God's disfavour, as some might possibly imagine; but a token of his approbation, and special presence among them. Said — He hath declared, that he would manifest his presence with, and dwelling among his people, by a dark cloud, in which he would appear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The LORD[YHWH]:

Deuteronomy 4:11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.
2 Chronicles 6:1 Then said Solomon, The LORD hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
2 Chronicles 6:2-11 But I have built an house of habitation for thee, and a place for thy dwelling for ever. ... And in it have I put the ark, wherein [is] the covenant of the LORD, that he made with the children of Israel.
Psalms 18:8-11 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. ... He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him [were] dark waters [and] thick clouds of the skies.
Psalms 97:2 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne.

the thick:

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God [was].
Leviticus 16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy [place] within the vail before the mercy seat, which [is] upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.
Isaiah 45:15 Verily thou [art] a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
Hebrews 12:18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:21. Lv 16:2. Dt 4:11; 5:22. 2Ch 6:1, 2. Ps 18:8; 97:2. Is 45:15. He 12:18.

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