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1 Kings 7:46 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In the plain of the Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay-ground between Succoth and Zaretan.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the circuit of the Jordan, did the king cast them, in the clay ground,—between Succoth and Zarethan.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the circuit of the Jordan hath the king cast them, in the thick soil of the ground, between Succoth and Zarthan.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the plains of the Jordan, did the king cast them in a clay ground, between Socoth and Sartham.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In the plaine of Iordane did the king cast them in the clay ground, betweene Succoth and Zarthan.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In the country round about Jordan did he cast them, in the clay land between Succoth{gr.Socchoth} and Sira.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In the plain of Yarden did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Sukkoth and Tzarthan.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In the plain 3603
{3603} Prime
כִּכָּר
kikkar
{kik-kawr'}
From H3769; a circle, that is, (by implication) a circumjacent tract or region, especially the Ghor or valley of the Jordan; also a (round) loaf; also a talent (or large (round) coin).
of Yardn יַרדֵּן 3383
{3383} Prime
יַרְדֵּן
Yarden
{yar-dane'}
From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine.
did the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
cast 3332
{3332} Prime
יָצַק
yatsaq
{yaw-tsak'}
A primitive root; properly to pour out (transitively or intransitively); by implication to melt or cast as metal; by extension to place firmly, to stiffen or grow hard.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
them, in the clay 4568
{4568} Prime
מַעֲבֶה
ma`abeh
{mah-ab-eh'}
From H5666; properly compact (part of soil), that is, loam.
ground 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
between x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
Succ סֻכּוֹת 5523
{5523} Prime
סֻכּוֹת
Cukkowth
{sook-kohth'}
Plural of H5521; booths; Succoth, the name of a place in Egypt and of three in Palestine.
and Xrn צָרתָן. 6891
{6891} Prime
צָרְתָן
Tsar@than
{tsaw-reth-awn'}
Perhaps for H6868; Tsarethan, a place in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 7:46

_ _ In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them — Zarthan, or Zaretan (Joshua 3:16), or Zartanah (1 Kings 4:12), or Zeredathah (2 Chronicles 4:17), was on the bank of the Jordan in the territories of western Manasseh. Succoth was situated on the eastern side of Jordan, at the ford of the river near the mouth of the Jabbok. One reason assigned by commentators for the castings being made there is, that at such a distance from Jerusalem that city would not be annoyed by the smoke and noxious vapors necessarily occasioned by the process. [Note in Bagster’s Bible.] But the true reason is to be found in the nature of the soil; Margin, “the thickness of the ground.” That part of the Jordan valley abounds with marl. Clay and sand are the molding material still used for bronze. Such large quantities of metal as one of these castings would contain could not be fused in one furnace, but would require a series of furnaces, especially for such a casting as the brazen sea — the whole series of furnaces being filled with metal, and fused at one time, and all tapped together, and the metal let run into the mould. Thus a national foundry was erected in the plain of Jordan [Napier].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 7:13-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the clay ground:
Heb. the thickness of the ground

Succoth:

Genesis 33:17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: therefore the name of the place is called Succoth.

Zarthan:
Zarthan is supposed to have been situated in the tribe of Manasseh, west of Jordan, near Jezreel and Bethshan or Scythopolis, and not far from the Jordan. Succoth we know was situated east of Jordan, in the tribe of Gad, and according to Jerome, in the district of Scythopolis. Hence the "plain of Jordan," where Hiram cast the brazen vessels, must be the plain in which that river runs, Zarthan and Succoth being probably nearly opposite each other; but whether the precise spot of his operations was on this side or the other side, is uncertain. In this place he found that particular clay that was proper for his purpose; and it being a considerable distance from Jerusalem, that city would not be annoyed by the smoke and noxious vapours necessarily occasioned by the process.
1 Kings 4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud; [to him pertained] Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which [is] by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, [even] unto [the place that is] beyond Jokneam:
, Zartanah,
Joshua 3:16 That the waters which came down from above stood [and] rose up upon an heap very far from the city Adam, that [is] beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, [even] the salt sea, failed, [and] were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.
, Zaretan,
2 Chronicles 4:17 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah.
, Zeredathah
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Gn 33:17. Jsh 3:16. 1K 4:12. 2Ch 4:17.

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