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1 Kings 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, [and] the king's friend;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Azariah the son of Nathan [was] over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan [was] principal officer, [and] the king's friend:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and Azariah the son of Nathan [was] over the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, [was] the king’s friend;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Azariah the son of Nathan [was] over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan [was] principal officer, [and] the king's friend:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the superintendents; and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, the king's friend;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Azariah son of Nathan, over the governors,—and Zabud son of Nathan, minister, king's friend;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Azariah son of Nathan [is] over the officers; and Zabud son of Nathan [is] minister, friend of the king;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Azarias, the son of Nathan, over them that were about the king: Zabud, the son of Nathan, the priest, the king's friend:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Azariah the sonne of Nathan [was] ouer the officers: and Zabud the sonne of Nathan [was] principall officer, [and] the kings friend.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Ornia the son of Nathan [was] over the officers; and Zabuth son of Nathan [was] the king's friend.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Azaryah the son of Nathan [was] over the officers: and Zavud the son of Nathan [was] principal officer, [and] the king's friend:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And `zary עֲזַריָה 5838
{5838} Prime
עֲזַרְיָה
`Azaryah
{az-ar-yaw'}
From H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Nn נָתָן 5416
{5416} Prime
נָתָן
Nathan
{naw-thawn'}
From H5414; given; Nathan, the name of five Israelites.
[was] over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the officers: 5324
{5324} Prime
נָצַב
natsab
{naw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to station, in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
and Zv זָבוּד 2071
{2071} Prime
זָבוּד
Zabuwd
{zaw-bood'}
From H2054; given; Zabud, an Israelite.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Nn נָתָן 5416
{5416} Prime
נָתָן
Nathan
{naw-thawn'}
From H5414; given; Nathan, the name of five Israelites.
[was] principal officer, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
[and] the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
friend: 7463
{7463} Prime
רֵעֶה
re`eh
{ray-eh'}
From H7462; a (male) companion.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 4:5

_ _ over the officers — that is, the provincial governors enumerated in 1 Kings 4:17-19.

_ _ principal officer, and the king’s friend — perhaps president of the privy council, and Solomon’s confidential friend or favorite. This high functionary had probably been reared along with Solomon. That he should heap those honors on the sons of Nathan was most natural, considering the close intimacy of the father with the late king, and the deep obligations under which Solomon personally lay to the prophet.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 4:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 4:5

Officers — Over those twelve Officers, named 1 Kings 4:7, &c. who were all to give up their accompts to him. Nathan — The prophet, who had been so highly instrumental in Solomon's establishment in the throne. Principal officer — Possibly, president of the king's council. Friend — His confident, with whom he used to communicate his most secret counsels.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
son of Nathan:

1 Kings 1:10-53 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not. ... So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, Go to thine house.
2 Samuel 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
2 Samuel 12:1-15 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. ... And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick.
2 Samuel 12:25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD.

the officers:

1 Kings 4:7 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

the principal:

2 Samuel 8:18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was over] both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
2 Samuel 20:26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

the king's:

2 Samuel 15:37 So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 16:16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king.
2 Samuel 19:37-38 Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, [and be buried] by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee. ... And the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto thee: and whatsoever thou shalt require of me, [that] will I do for thee.
1 Chronicles 27:33 And Ahithophel [was] the king's counsellor: and Hushai the Archite [was] the king's companion:
Proverbs 22:11 He that loveth pureness of heart, [for] the grace of his lips the king [shall be] his friend.
John 13:23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.
John 15:14-15 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. ... Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 7:2; 8:18; 12:1, 25; 15:37; 16:16; 19:37; 20:26. 1K 1:10; 4:7. 1Ch 27:33. Pv 22:11. Jn 13:23; 15:14. Jm 2:23.

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