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1 Kings 4:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all the nations round about.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was [known] in all the surrounding nations.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all the surrounding nations.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was in all the nations round about.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— so that he was wiser than any man—than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman and Calcol and Darda, sons of Mahol,—and it came to pass that, his name, was throughout all the nations round about.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he is wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, sons of Mahol, and his name is in all the nations round about.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he was wiser than all men: wiser than Ethan, the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Dorda, the sons of Mahol, and he was renowned in all nations round about.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For hee was wiser then all men; then Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda the sonnes of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he was wiser than all [other] men: and he was wiser than Gaethan the Zarite, and [than] Enan{gr.Aenan}, and [than] Chalcad and Darala the son of Mal.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrachi, and Heman, and Kalkol, and Darda, the sons of Machol: and his fame was in all nations round about.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For he was wiser 2449
{2449} Prime
חָכַם
chakam
{khaw-kam'}
A primitive root, to be wise (in mind, word or act).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
than all x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
men; 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
than ʱn אֵיתָן 387
{0387} Prime
אֵיתָן
'Eythan
{ay-thawn'}
The same as H0386; permanent; Ethan, the name of four Israelites.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the Ezr אֶזרָחִי, 250
{0250} Prime
אֶזְרָחִי
'Ezrachiy
{ez-raw-khee'}
Patronymic from H2246; an Ezrachite or descendants of Zerach.
and Hmn הֵימָן, 1968
{1968} Prime
הֵימָן
Heyman
{hay-mawn'}
Probably from H0530; faithful; Heman, the name of at least two Israelites.
and Calcl כַּלכֹּל, 3633
{3633} Prime
כַּלְכֹּל
Kalkol
{kal-kole'}
From H3557; sustenance; Calcol, an Israelite.
and Darda` דַּרדַּע, 1862
{1862} Prime
דַּרְדַּע
Darda`
{dar-dah'}
Apparently from H1858 and H1843; pearl of knowledge; Darda, an Israelite.
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Ml מָחוֹל: 4235
{4235} Prime
מָחוֹל
Machowl
{maw-khole'}
The same as H4234; dancing; Machol, an Israelite.
and his fame 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
nations 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
round about. 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 4:31

_ _ wiser than all men — that is, all his contemporaries, either at home or abroad.

_ _ than Ethan — or Jeduthun, of the family of Merari (1 Chronicles 6:44).

_ _ Heman — (1 Chronicles 15:17-19) — the chief of the temple musicians and the king’s seers (1 Chronicles 25:5); the other two are not known.

_ _ the sons of Mahol — either another name for Zerah (1 Chronicles 2:6); or taking it as a common noun, signifying a dance, a chorus, “the sons of Mahol” signify persons eminently skilled in poetry and music.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 4:29-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 4:31

All men — Either of his nation; or, of his time: or, of all times and nations, whether of the east or any other country excepting only the first and second Adam. Ethan, &c. — Israelites of eminent wisdom, probably the same mentioned, 1 Chronicles 2:6, 1 Chronicles 15:19, 1 Chronicles 25:4; Psalms 88:1(title,) Psalms 89:1(title). Chalcol, &c. — Of whom see 1 Chronicles 2:6.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wiser:

1 Kings 3:12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
Matthew 12:42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here.
Luke 11:31 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon [is] here.
Colossians 2:3 In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

Ethan:

1 Chronicles 15:19 So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, [were appointed] to sound with cymbals of brass;
Psalms 89:1 [[Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.]] I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
*title

Heman:

1 Chronicles 2:6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
1 Chronicles 6:33 And these [are] they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,
1 Chronicles 15:17 So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethan the son of Kushaiah;
Psalms 88:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth, Maschil of Heman the Ezrahite.]] O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day [and] night before thee:
*title

his fame:

1 Kings 5:7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed [be] the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people.
1 Kings 10:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions.
1 Kings 10:6 And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom.
2 Chronicles 9:23 And all the kings of the earth sought the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom, that God had put in his heart.
Matthew 4:24 And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.
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1K 3:12; 5:7; 10:1, 6. 1Ch 2:6; 6:33; 15:17, 19. 2Ch 9:23. Ps 88:1; 89:1. Mt 4:24; 12:42. Lk 11:31. Col 2:3.

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