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1 Kings 4:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that [is] on the sea shore.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God gave Solomon great wisdom and understanding, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that [is] on the sea-shore.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And God gave Solomon wisdom and very great understanding and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea-shore.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And God gave wisdom unto Solomon, and discernment, and very great largeness of heart,—like the sand that is on the shore of the sea:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God giveth wisdom to Solomon, and understanding, very much, and breadth of heart, as the sand that [is] on the edge of the sea;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And God gave to Solomon wisdom, and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, as the sand that is on the sea shore.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God gaue Solomon wisdome, and vnderstanding, exceeding much, and largenesse of heart, euen as the sand that [is] on the sea shoare.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord gave understanding to Solomon, and very much wisdom, and enlargement of heart, as the sand on the seashore.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim gave Shelomoh wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that [is] on the sea shore.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
gave 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
lm שְׁלֹמֹה 8010
{8010} Prime
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
wisdom 2451
{2451} Prime
From H2449; wisdom (in a good sense).
and understanding 8394
{8394} Prime
The second and third forms being feminine; from H0995; intelligence; by implication an argument; by extension caprice.
exceeding 3966
{3966} Prime
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
much, 7235
{7235} Prime
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
and largeness 7341
{7341} Prime
From H7337; width (literally or figuratively).
of heart, 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
even as the sand 2344
{2344} Prime
From H2342; sand (as round or whirling particles).
that x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[is] on x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the sea 3220
{3220} Prime
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
shore. 8193
{8193} Prime
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 4:29

_ _ 1 Kings 4:29-34. His wisdom.

_ _ God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart — that is, high powers of mind, great capacity for receiving, as well as aptitude for communicating knowledge.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Kings 4:29-34

_ _ Solomon's wisdom was more his glory than his wealth, and here we have a general account of it.

_ _ I. The fountain of his wisdom: God gave it him, 1 Kings 4:29. He owns it himself. Proverbs 2:6, The Lord giveth wisdom. He gives the powers of reason (Job 38:36), preserves and improves them. The ordinary advances of them are owing to his providence, the sanctification of them to his grace, and this extraordinary pitch at which they arrived in Solomon to a special grant of his favour to him in answer to prayer.

_ _ II. The fulness of it: He had wisdom and understanding, exceeding much, great knowledge of distant countries and the histories of former times, a quickness of thought, strength of memory, and clearness of judgment, such as never any man had. It is called largeness of heart; for the heart is often put for the intellectual powers. He had a vast compass of knowledge, could take things entire, and had an admirable faculty of laying things together. Some, by his largeness of heart, understand his courage and boldness, and that great assurance with which he delivered his dictates and determinations. Or it may be meant of his disposition to do good with his knowledge. He was very free and communicative, had the gift of utterance as well as wisdom, was as free of his learning as he was of his meat, and grudged neither to any that were about him. Note, It is very desirable that those who have large gifts of any kind should have large hearts to use them for the good of others; and this is from the hand of God, Ecclesiastes 2:24. He shall enlarge the heart, Psalms 119:32. The greatness of Solomon's wisdom is illustrated by comparison. Chaldea and Egypt were nations famous for learning; thence the Greeks borrowed theirs; but the greatest scholars of these nations came short of Solomon, 1 Kings 4:30. If nature excels art, much more does grace. The knowledge which God gives by special favour goes beyond that which man gets by his own labour. Some wise men there were in Solomon's time, who were in great repute, particularly Heman, and others who were Levites, and employed by David in the temple-music, 1 Chronicles 15:19. Heman was his seer in the word of God, 1 Chronicles 25:5. Chalcol and Darda were own brothers, and they also were noted for learning and wisdom. But Solomon excelled them all (1 Kings 4:30), he out-did them and confounded them; his counsel was much more valuable.

_ _ III. The fame of it. It was talked of in all nations round about. His great wealth and glory made his wisdom much more illustrious, and have him those opportunities of showing it which those cannot have that live in poverty and obscurity. The jewel of wisdom may receive great advantage by the setting of it.

_ _ IV. The fruits of it; by these the tree is known: he did not bury his talent, but showed his wisdom,

_ _ 1. In his compositions. Those in divinity, written by divine inspiration, are not mentioned here, for they are extant, and will remain to the world's end monuments of his wisdom, and are, as other parts of scripture, of use to make us wise unto salvation. But, besides these, it appears by what he spoke, or dictated to be written from him, (1.) That he was a moralist, and a man of great prudence, for he spoke 3000 proverbs, wise sayings, apophthegms, of admirable use for the conduct of human life. The world is much governed by proverbs, and was never better furnished with useful ones than by Solomon. Whether those proverbs of Solomon that we have were any part of the 3000 is uncertain. (2.) That he was a poet and a man of great wit: His songs were 1005, of which one only is extant, because that only was divinely inspired, which is therefore called his Song of songs. His wise instructions were communicated by proverbs, that they might be familiar to those whom he designed to teach and ready on all occasions, and by songs, that they might be pleasant and move the affections. (3.) That he was a natural philosopher, and a man of great learning and insight into the mysteries of nature. From his own and others' observations and experience, he wrote both of plants and animals (1 Kings 4:33), descriptions of their natures and qualities, and (some think) of the medicinal use of them.

_ _ 2. In his conversation. There came persons from all parts, who were more inquisitive after knowledge than their neighbours, to hear the wisdom of Solomon, 1 Kings 4:34. Kings that had heard of it sent their ambassadors to hear it and to bring them instructions from it. Solomon's court was the staple of learning, and the rendezvous of philosophers, that is, the lovers of wisdom, who all came to light their candle at his lamp and to borrow from him. Let those who magnify the modern learning above that of the ancients produce such a treasure of knowledge any where in these latter ages as that was which Solomon was master of; yet this puts an honour upon human learning, that Solomon was praised for it, and recommends it to the great men of the earth, as well worthy their diligent search. But,

_ _ Lastly, Solomon was, herein, a type of Christ, in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, and hidden for use; for he is made of God to us wisdom.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 4:29

Largeness of heart — Vastness of understanding, a most comprehensive knowledge of all things both Divine and human.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 4:29

And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and (k) largeness of heart, even as the sand that [is] on the sea shore.

(k) Meaning, great understanding and able to comprehend all things.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Kings 3:12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.
1 Kings 10:23-24 So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom. ... And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart.
2 Chronicles 1:10-12 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this thy people, [that is so] great? ... Wisdom and knowledge [is] granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings have had that [have been] before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like.
Psalms 119:34 Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with [my] whole heart.
Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth [cometh] knowledge and understanding.
Ecclesiastes 1:16 I communed with mine own heart, saying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and have gotten more wisdom than all [they] that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.
Ecclesiastes 2:26 For [God] giveth to a man that [is] good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [him that is] good before God. This also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.


Isaiah 60:5 Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.

as the sand:

1 Kings 4:20 Judah and Israel [were] many, as the sand which [is] by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.
Genesis 41:49 And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for [it was] without number.
Judges 7:12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude.
Jeremiah 33:22 As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.
Habakkuk 1:9 They shall come all for violence: their faces shall sup up [as] the east wind, and they shall gather the captivity as the sand.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:49. Jg 7:12. 1K 3:12, 28; 4:20; 10:23. 2Ch 1:10. Ps 119:34. Pv 2:6. Ec 1:16; 2:26. Is 60:5. Jr 33:22. Hab 1:9. Jm 1:5, 17; 3:17.

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