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1 Kings 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And these were the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And these [were] the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok [was] the priest;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And these [were] the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And these are the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok was priest;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, these, were his chief officers of state,—Azariah son of Zadok, the priest;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and these [are] the heads whom he hath: Azariah son of Zadok [is] the priest;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And these were the princes which he had: Azarias, the son of Sadoc, the priest:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And these [were] the Princes which he had, Azariah the sonne of Zadok, the Priest,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And these [are] the princes which he had; Azariah{gr.Azarias} son of Zadok{gr.Sadoc}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And these [were] the princes which he had; Azaryah the son of Tzadoq the priest,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And these x428
(0428) Complement
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[were] the princes 8269
{8269} Prime
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
which x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he had; `zary עֲזַריָה 5838
{5838} Prime
From H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Xk צָדוֹק 6659
{6659} Prime
From H6663; just; Tsadok, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
the priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 4:2

_ _ these were the princes — or chief officers, as is evident from two of them marrying Solomon’s daughters.

_ _ Azariah the son of Zadok the priest — rather, “the prince,” as the Hebrew word frequently signifies (Genesis 41:45; Exodus 2:16; 2 Samuel 8:18); so that from the precedency given to his person in the list, he seems to have been prime minister, the highest in office next the king.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 4:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 4:2

Princes — That is, the chief rulers or officers. The son — Or the grand — son. The priest — The second priest, or the priest that attended upon Solomon's person in holy offices and administrations.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 4:2

And these [were] the (a) princes which he had; (b) Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,

(a) That is, his chief officers.

(b) He was the son of Achimais and Zadok's nephew.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the princes:
That is, great, chief, or principal men; for none of them were princes, in the common acceptation of the word.
Exodus 18:21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [such] over them, [to be] rulers of thousands, [and] rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:
2 Samuel 8:15-18 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people. ... And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was over] both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
2 Samuel 20:23-26 Now Joab [was] over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was] over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites: ... And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.
1 Corinthians 12:28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.


1 Chronicles 6:8-10 And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahimaaz, ... And Johanan begat Azariah, (he [it is] that executed the priest's office in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem:)
1 Chronicles 27:17 Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok:

or, chief officer
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Ex 18:21. 2S 8:15; 20:23. 1Ch 6:8; 27:17. 1Co 12:28.

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