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1 Kings 22:48 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they did not go for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehoshaphat made Tarshish-ships to go to Ophir for gold; but they went not, for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Jehoshaphat, made ships of Tarshish, to go to Ophir, for gold; but they went not,—for ships had been broken to pieces in Ezion-geber.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jehoshaphat made ships at Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, and they went not, for the ships were broken in Ezion-Geber.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But king Josaphat made navies on the sea, to sail into Ophir for gold: but they could not go, for the ships were broken in Asiongaber.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Iehoshaphat made shippes of Tharshish to goe to Ophir for golde: but they went not, for the shippes were broken at Ezion Geber.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yehoshafat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ofir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Etzyon Gever.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhf+ יְהוֹשָׁפָט 3092
{3092} Prime
יְהוֹשָׁפָט
Y@howshaphat
{yeh-ho-shaw-fawt'}
From H3068 and H8199; Jehovah-judged; Jehoshaphat, the name of six Israelites; also of a valley near Jerusalem.
made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
y6240
[6240] Standard
עָשָׂר
`asar
{aw-sawr'}
For H6235; ten (only in combination), that is, the 'teens'; also (ordinal) a 'teenth'.
ships 591
{0591} Prime
אֳנִיָּה
'oniyah
{on-ee-yaw'}
Feminine of H0590; a ship.
of Tar תַּרשִׁישׁ 8659
{8659} Prime
תַּרְשִׁישׁ
Tarshiysh
{tar-sheesh'}
Probably the same as H8658 (as the region of the stone, or the reverse); Tarshish, a place on the Mediterranean, hence the epithet of a merchant vessel (as if for or from that port); also the name of a Persian and of an Israelite.
to go y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
to fr אוֹפִיר 211
{0211} Prime
אוֹפִיר
'Owphiyr
{o-feer'}
Of uncertain derivation; Ophir, the name of a son of Joktan, and of a gold region in the East.
for gold: 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
but they went 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not; x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the ships 591
{0591} Prime
אֳנִיָּה
'oniyah
{on-ee-yaw'}
Feminine of H0590; a ship.
were broken 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
at `Exyn Gever עֶציוֹן־גֶּבֶר. 6100
{6100} Prime
עֶצְיוֹן גֶבֶר
`Etsyown Geber
{ets-yone' gheh'-ber}
From H6096 and H1397; backbone like of a man; Etsjon-Geber, a place on the Red Sea.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 22:41-53.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 22:48

Jehoshaphat made ships of (c) Tharshish to go to (d) Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.

(c) By Tharshish the scripture means Cilicia and all the Mediterranean Sea.

(d) Josephus writes that Ophir is in India, where the Egyptians and Arabians traffic for gold.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Jehoshaphat:

2 Chronicles 20:35-21:1 And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who did very wickedly: ... Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.

made ships:
or, had ten ships,
1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
2 Chronicles 9:21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
Psalms 48:7 Thou breakest the ships of Tarshish with an east wind.
Isaiah 2:16 And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.
Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
Jonah 1:3 But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.

Tharshish:
Josephus and the Chaldee and Arabic paraphrasts explain this place of Tarsus in Cilicia; the LXX, Theodoret, and Jerome, understand it of Carthage; but the learned Bochart makes it Tartessus, an island in the straits of Gades. Ibn Haukal describes Tarsousa as belonging to Andalus, or Andalusia; and Festus Avienus expressly says, Hic Gadir urbs est dicta Tartessus prius, "the city Cadiz was formerly called Tartessus."

to Ophir:

1 Kings 9:28 And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought [it] to king Solomon.
Psalms 45:9 Kings' daughters [were] among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.

they went not:

2 Chronicles 20:37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
2 Chronicles 25:7 But there came a man of God to him, saying, O king, let not the army of Israel go with thee; for the LORD [is] not with Israel, [to wit, with] all the children of Ephraim.

Eziongeber:

1 Kings 9:26 And king Solomon made a navy of ships in Eziongeber, which [is] beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom.
Numbers 33:35-36 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber. ... And they removed from Eziongaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin, which [is] Kadesh.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 33:35. 1K 9:26, 28; 10:22. 2Ch 9:21; 20:35, 37; 25:7. Ps 45:9; 48:7. Is 2:16; 60:9. Jna 1:3.

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