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1 Kings 22:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak unto thee?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “How did the Spirit of the LORD pass from me to speak to you?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak to thee?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micah upon the cheek, and said, Where now went the Spirit of Jehovah from me to speak to thee?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then drew near Zedekiah, son of Chenaanah, and smote Micaiah on the cheek,—and said—Where then passed the Spirit of Yahweh, from me, to speak unto thee?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Zedekiah son of Chenaanah draweth nigh, and smiteth Micaiah on the cheek, and saith, 'Where [is] this—he hath passed over—the Spirit of Jehovah—from me to speak with thee?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Sedecias, the son of Chanaana, came, and struck Micheas on the cheek, and said: Hath then the spirit of the Lord left me, and spoken to thee?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Zedekiah the sonne of Chenaanah went neere, and smote Micaiah on the cheeke, and said, Which [way] went the Spirit of the LORD from me, to speake vnto thee?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Zedekiah{gr.Sedekias} the son of Canaan{gr.Chanaan} came near and smote Micah{gr.Michaias} on the cheek, and said, What sort of a spirit of the Lord [has] spoken in thee?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Tzidqiyyah the son of Kenaanah went near, and smote Mikhayhu on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Yahweh from me to speak unto thee?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Xikiyy צִדקִיָּה 6667
{6667} Prime
צִדְקִיָּה
Tsidqiyah
{tsid-kee-yaw'}
From H6664 and H3050; right of Jah; Tsidkijah, the name of six Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Cna`n כְּנַעֲנָה 3668
{3668} Prime
כְּנַעֲנָה
K@na`anah
{ken-ah-an-aw'}
Feminine of H3667; Kenaanah, the name of two Israelites.
went near, 5066
{5066} Prime
נגשׁ
nagash
{naw-gash'}
A primitive root; to be or come (causatively bring) near (for any purpose); euphemistically to lie with a woman; as an enemy, to attack; religiously to worship; causatively to present; figuratively to adduce an argument; by reversal, to stand back.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and smote 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Myh מִיכָיהוּ 4321
{4321} Prime
מִיכָיְהוּ
Miykay@huw
{me-kaw-yeh-hoo'}
Abbreviated for H4322; Mikajah, the name of three Israelites.
on x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the cheek, 3895
{3895} Prime
לְחִי
l@chiy
{lekh-ee'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the cheek (from its fleshiness); hence the jaw bone.
and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Which x335
(0335) Complement
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
way y335
[0335] Standard
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
went 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the Spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
me to speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
unto x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
thee?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 22:24-25

_ _ Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek — The insolence of this man, the leader of the false prophets, seems to have been provoked by jealousy at Micaiah’s assumed monopoly of the spirit of inspiration. This mode of smiting, usually with a shoe, is both severe and ignominious. The calm reply of the Lord’s prophet consisted in announcing the fate of the false prophets who suffered as the advisers of the disastrous expedition.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 22:15-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 22:24

Zedekiah — The chief of the false prophets, who was much in the king's favour. Which way — In what manner went it? Forasmuch as I and my brethren have consulted the Lord, and have the same spirit which thou pretendest to have.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 22:24

But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, (s) Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?

(s) Thus the wicked would that none were in the favour of God but they, and that God has given his graces to none so much as to them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Zedekiah:

1 Kings 22:11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron: and he said, Thus saith the LORD, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until thou have consumed them.

smote Micaiah:

2 Chronicles 18:23-24 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee? ... And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see on that day when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.
Isaiah 50:5-6 The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. ... I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Lamentations 3:30 He giveth [his] cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.
Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
Mark 15:19-20 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing [their] knees worshipped him. ... And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.
John 15:18 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you.
John 15:20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.
Acts 23:2 And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth.

Which way:

Jeremiah 28:10-11 Then Hananiah the prophet took the yoke from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and brake it. ... And Hananiah spake in the presence of all the people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Even so will I break the yoke of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon from the neck of all nations within the space of two full years. And the prophet Jeremiah went his way.
Jeremiah 29:26-27 The LORD hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, that ye should be officers in the house of the LORD, for every man [that is] mad, and maketh himself a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in prison, and in the stocks. ... Now therefore why hast thou not reproved Jeremiah of Anathoth, which maketh himself a prophet to you?
Matthew 26:68 Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
Matthew 27:42-43 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. ... He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 22:11. 2Ch 18:23. Is 50:5. Jr 28:10; 29:26. Lm 3:30. Mi 5:1. Mt 26:68; 27:42. Mk 14:65; 15:19. Jn 15:18, 20. Ac 23:2.

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