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1 Kings 18:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— for it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of Jehovah, that Obadiah took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For it was [so], when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for when Jezebel destroyed the prophets of the LORD, Obadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them by fifties in a cave, and provided them with bread and water.)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For it was [so], when Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of Jehovah, that Obadiah took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and maintained them with bread and water);
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And so it came to pass, when Jezebel was cutting off the prophets of Yahweh, that Obadiah took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifties in caves, and sustained them, with bread and water.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and it cometh to pass, in Jezebel's cutting off the prophets of Jehovah, that Obadiah taketh a hundred prophets, and hideth them, fifty men in a cave, and hath sustained them with bread and water—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For when Jezabel killed the prophets of the Lord, he took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty and fifty in caves, and fed them with bread and water.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For it was so, when Iezebel cut off the Prophets of the LORD, that Obadiah tooke an hundred Prophets, and hid them by fiftie in a caue, and fed them with bread and water.)
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it came to pass when Jezebel{gr.Jezabel} smote the prophets of the Lord, that Obadiah{gr.Abdiu} took a hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For it was [so], when Izevel cut off the prophets of Yahweh, that Ovadyah took an hundred prophets, and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water.)

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For it was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
[so], when zevel אִיזֶבֶל 348
{0348} Prime
אִיזֶבֶל
'Iyzebel
{ee-zeh'-bel}
From H0336 and H2083; chaste, Izebel, the wife of king Ahab.
cut off 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the prophets 5030
{5030} Prime
נָבִיא
nabiy'
{naw-bee'}
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
that `vay עֹבַדיָה 5662
{5662} Prime
עֹבַדְיָה
`Obadyah
{o-bad-yaw'}
Active participle of H5647 and H3050; serving Jah; Obadjah, the name of thirteen Israelites.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
an hundred 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
prophets, 5030
{5030} Prime
נָבִיא
nabiy'
{naw-bee'}
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
and hid 2244
{2244} Prime
חָבָא
chaba'
{khaw-baw'}
A primitive root (compare H2245); to secrete.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
them by fifty 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
2572
{2572} Prime
חֲמִשִּׁים
chamishshiym
{kham-ish-sheem'}
Multiple of H2568; fifty.
in a cave, 4631
{4631} Prime
מְעָרָה
m@`arah
{meh-aw-raw'}
From H5783; a cavern (as dark).
and fed 3557
{3557} Prime
כּול
kuwl
{kool}
A primitive root; properly to keep in; hence to measure; figuratively to maintain (in various senses).
z8773
<8773> Grammar
Stem - Pilpel (See H8842)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 19
them with bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
and water.) 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 18:4

_ _ an hundred prophets — not men endowed with the extraordinary gifts of the prophetic office, but who were devoted to the service of God, preaching, praying, praising, etc. (1 Samuel 10:10-12).

_ _ fed them with bread and water — These articles are often used to include sustenance of any kind. As this succor must have been given them at the hazard, not only of his place, but his life, it was a strong proof of his attachment to the true religion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 18:1-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 18:4

Prophets — This name is not only given to such as are endowed with an extraordinary spirit of prophecy, but to such ministers as devoted themselves to the service of God in preaching, praying, and praising God. And fed — With the hazard of his own life, and against the king's command; as wisely considering, that no command of an earthly prince could over — rule the command of the king of kings. Bread and water — With meat and drink. See how wonderfully God raises up friends for his ministers and people where one would least expect them!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Jezebel:
Heb. Izabel

cut off the prophets:

Nehemiah 9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets which testified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great provocations.
Matthew 21:35 And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.
Revelation 17:4-6 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: ... And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.

in a cave:

Hebrews 11:38 (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and [in] mountains, and [in] dens and caves of the earth.

fed them:

1 Kings 18:13 Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of the LORD, how I hid an hundred men of the LORD'S prophets by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water?
2 Kings 6:22-23 And he answered, Thou shalt not smite [them]: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword and with thy bow? set bread and water before them, that they may eat and drink, and go to their master. ... And he prepared great provision for them: and when they had eaten and drunk, he sent them away, and they went to their master. So the bands of Syria came no more into the land of Israel.
Matthew 10:40-42 He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. ... And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold [water] only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward.
Matthew 25:35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.

bread and water:

1 Kings 13:8-9 And the man of God said unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thine house, I will not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink water in this place: ... For so was it charged me by the word of the LORD, saying, Eat no bread, nor drink water, nor turn again by the same way that thou camest.
1 Kings 13:16 And he said, I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee: neither will I eat bread nor drink water with thee in this place:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 13:8, 16; 18:13. 2K 6:22. Ne 9:26. Mt 10:40; 21:35; 25:35, 40. He 11:38. Rv 17:4.

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