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1 Kings 16:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him. Now he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, who was over the household in Tirzah:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And his servant Zimri, captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of [his] house in Tirzah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— His servant Zimri, commander of half his chariots, conspired against him. Now he [was] at Tirzah drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, who [was] over the household at Tirzah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And his servant Zimri, captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of [his] house in Tirzah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And his servant Zimri, captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him; and he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, who was the steward of his house in Tirzah;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then conspired against him his servant Zimri, captain of half the chariots,—as he was in Tirzah drinking himself drunk, in the house of Arza, who was over the household in Tirzah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and conspire against him doth his servant Zimri (head of the half of the chariots) and he [is] in Tirzah drinking—a drunkard in the house of Arza, who [is] over the house in Tirzah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And his servant Zambri, who was captain of half the horsemen, rebelled against him: now Ela was drinking in Thersa, and drunk in the house of Arsa, the governor of Thersa.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And his seruant Zimri (captaine of halfe his charets) conspired against him as he was in Tirzah drinking himselfe drunke in the house of Arza steward of his house in Tirzah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Zimri{gr.Zambri}, captain of half his cavalry, conspired against him, while he was in Tirzah{gr.Thersa}, drinking himself drunk in the house of Hosah{gr.Osa} the steward at Tirzah{gr.Thersa}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And his servant Zimri, captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirtzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Artza steward of [his] house in Tirtzah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And his servant 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
Zimr זִמרִי, 2174
{2174} Prime
זִמְרִי
Zimriy
{zim-ree'}
From H2167; musical; Zimri, the name of five Israelites, and of an Arabian tribe.
captain 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
of half 4276
{4276} Prime
מַחֲצִית
machatsiyth
{makh-ats-eeth'}
From H2673; a halving or the middle.
[his] chariots, 7393
{7393} Prime
רֶכֶב
rekeb
{reh'-keb}
From H7392; a vehicle; by implication a team; by extension cavalry; by analogy a rider, that is, the upper millstone.
conspired 7194
{7194} Prime
קָשַׁר
qashar
{kaw-shar'}
A primitive root; to tie, physically (gird, confine, compact) or mentally (in love, league).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him, as he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
was in Tirx תִּרצָה, 8656
{8656} Prime
תִּרְצָה
Tirtsah
{teer-tsaw'}
From H7521; delightsomeness; Tirtsah, a place in Palestine; also an Israelitess.
drinking 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
himself drunk 7910
{7910} Prime
שִׁכּוֹר
shikkowr
{shik-kore'}
From H7937; intoxicated, as a state or a habit.
in the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Arx אַרצָא 777
{0777} Prime
אַרְצָא
'artsa'
{ar-tsaw'}
From H0776; earthiness; Artsa, an Israelite.
steward x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
of [his] house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
in Tirx תִּרצָה. 8656
{8656} Prime
תִּרְצָה
Tirtsah
{teer-tsaw'}
From H7521; delightsomeness; Tirtsah, a place in Palestine; also an Israelitess.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 16:9-12

_ _ 1 Kings 16:9-22. Zimri’s conspiracy.

_ _ Zimri ... conspired against him — “Arza which was over his house.” During a carousal in the house of his chamberlain, Zimri slew him, and having seized the sovereignty, endeavored to consolidate his throne by the massacre of all the royal race.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 16:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 16:9

Chariots — Of all his military chariots, and the men belonging to them: the chariots for carriage of necessary things, being put into meaner hands. Tirzah — Whilst his forces were elsewhere employed, 1 Kings 16:15, which gave Zimri advantage to execute his design.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 16:9

And his servant Zimri, captain of half [his] chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, (e) drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of [his] house in Tirzah.

(e) The Chaldee text has this, "Drinking till he was drunk in the temple of Arza the idol by his house in Tirzah".

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his servant:

2 Kings 9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, [Had] Zimri peace, who slew his master?

conspired:

1 Kings 15:27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which [belonged] to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.
2 Kings 9:14 So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. (Now Joram had kept Ramothgilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Syria.
2 Kings 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.
2 Kings 15:10 And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:25 But Pekah the son of Remaliah, a captain of his, conspired against him, and smote him in Samaria, in the palace of the king's house, with Argob and Arieh, and with him fifty men of the Gileadites: and he killed him, and reigned in his room.
2 Kings 15:30 And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

drinking:

1 Kings 20:16 And they went out at noon. But Benhadad [was] drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings that helped him.
1 Samuel 25:36-38 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart [was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light. ... And it came to pass about ten days [after], that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
2 Samuel 13:28-29 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant. ... And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.
Proverbs 23:29-35 Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? ... They have stricken me, [shalt thou say, and] I was not sick; they have beaten me, [and] I felt [it] not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again.
Jeremiah 51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise [men], her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts.
Daniel 5:1-4 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. ... They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
Nahum 1:10 For while [they be] folden together [as] thorns, and while they are drunken [as] drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.
Habakkuk 2:15-16 Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness! ... Thou art filled with shame for glory: drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered: the cup of the LORD'S right hand shall be turned unto thee, and shameful spewing [shall be] on thy glory.
Matthew 24:49-51 And shall begin to smite [his] fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken; ... And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and [so] that day come upon you unawares.

steward of:
Heb. which was over,
Genesis 15:2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house [is] this Eliezer of Damascus?
Genesis 24:2 And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh:
Genesis 24:10 And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed; for all the goods of his master [were] in his hand: and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.
Genesis 39:4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he served him: and he made him overseer over his house, and all [that] he had he put into his hand.
Genesis 39:9 [There is] none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou [art] his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:2; 24:2, 10; 39:4, 9. 1S 25:36. 2S 13:28. 1K 15:27; 20:16. 2K 9:14, 31; 12:20; 15:10, 25, 30. Pv 23:29. Jr 51:57. Dn 5:1, 30. Na 1:10. Hab 2:15. Mt 24:49. Lk 21:34.

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