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1 Kings 15:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And also Maacah his mother he removed from being queen, because she had made an abominable image for an Asherah; and Asa cut down her image, and burnt it at the brook Kidron.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt [it] by the brook Kidron.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He also removed Maacah his mother from [being] queen mother, because she had made a horrid image as an Asherah; and Asa cut down her horrid image and burned [it] at the brook Kidron.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt [it] by the brook Kidron.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And also Maachah his mother he removed from being queen, because she had made an idol for the Asherah; and Asa cut down her idol, and burned it in the valley of Kidron.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover also, even Maachah his mother, he removed from being queen, because she had made a monstrous thing to the Sacred Stem,—and Asa cut down her monstrous thing and burned it in the Kidron ravine.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and also Maachah his mother—he turneth her aside from being mistress, in that she made a horrible thing for a shrine, and Asa cutteth down her horrible thing, and burneth [it] by the brook Kidron;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Moreover, he also removed his mother, Maacha, from being the princess in the sacrifices of Priapus, and in the grove which she had consecrated to him: and he destroyed her den, and broke in pieces the filthy idol, and burnt it by the torrent Cedron:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And also Maachah his mother, euen her hee remoued from [being] Queene, because she had made an idole in a groue, and Asa destroyed her idole, and burnt [it] by the brooke Kidron.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he removed Anah{gr.Ana} his mother from being queen, forasmuch as she gathered a meeting in her grove: and Asa cut down her retreats, and burnt them with fire in the brook of Kidron{gr.Kedron}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And also Maakhah his mother, even her he removed from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt [it] by the brook Qidron.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Ma` מַעֲכָה 4601
{4601} Prime
מַעֲכָה
Ma`akah
{mah-ak-aw'}
From H4600; depression; Maakah (or Maakath), the name of a place in Syria, also of a Mesopotamian, of three Israelites, and of four Israelitesses and one Syrian woman.
his mother, 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
even her he removed 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
from [being] queen, 1377
{1377} Prime
גְּבִירָה
g@biyrah
{gheb-ee-raw'}
Feminine of H1376; a mistress.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
because x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
she had made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
an idol 4656
{4656} Prime
מִפְלֶצֶת
miphletseth
{mif-leh'-tseth}
From H6426; a terror, that is, an idol.
in a grove; 842
{0842} Prime
אֲשֵׁרָה
'asherah
{ash-ay-raw'}
From H0833; happy; asherah (or Astarte) a Phoenician goddess; also an image of the same.
and s אָסָא 609
{0609} Prime
אָסָא
'Aca'
{aw-saw'}
Of uncertain derivation; Asa, the name of a king and of a Levite.
destroyed 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
her idol, 4656
{4656} Prime
מִפְלֶצֶת
miphletseth
{mif-leh'-tseth}
From H6426; a terror, that is, an idol.
and burnt 8313
{8313} Prime
שָׂרַף
saraph
{saw-raf'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively set) on fire.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it] by the brook 5158
{5158} Prime
נַחַל
nachal
{nakh'-al}
From H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine).
Kirn קִדרוֹן. 6939
{6939} Prime
קִדְרוֹן
Qidrown
{kid-rone'}
From H6937; dusky place; Kidron, a brook near Jerusalem.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 15:10-13.


1 Kings 15:13

_ _ also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen — The sultana, or queen dowager, was not necessarily the king’s natural mother (see 1 Kings 2:19), nor was Maachah. Her title, and the privileges connected with that honor and dignity which gave her precedency among the ladies of the royal family, and great influence in the kingdom, were taken away. She was degraded for her idolatry.

_ _ because she had made an idol in a grove — A very obscene figure, and the grove was devoted to the grossest licentiousness. His plans of religious reformation, however, were not completely carried through, “the high places were not removed” (see 1 Kings 3:2). The suppression of this private worship on natural or artificial hills, though a forbidden service after the temple had been declared the exclusive place of worship, the most pious king’s laws were not able to accomplish.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 15:9-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 15:13

He removed — He took from her either the name and authority of queen regent, which she, having been Rehoboam's wife, and Abijam's mother, took to herself during Asa's minority; or, the dignity of the queen mother, and those guards, or instruments of power, which she had enjoyed and misemployed. An Idol — Heb. a terror, or horror, that is, an horrible idol; which it may be so called, because it was of a more terrible shape than ordinary, and not to be seen without horror. Kidron — That when it was burnt to powder, it might be thrown into the water, and be unfit for any use.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 15:13

And also Maachah his mother, even her he (d) removed from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt [it] by the brook Kidron.

(d) Neither kindred nor authority should be regarded when they blaspheme God and become idolaters, but must be punished.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Maachah:

1 Kings 15:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
1 Kings 15:10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
2 Chronicles 15:15 And all Judah rejoiced at the oath: for they had sworn with all their heart, and sought him with their whole desire; and he was found of them: and the LORD gave them rest round about.
2 Chronicles 15:16-19 And also [concerning] Maachah the mother of Asa the king, he removed her from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove: and Asa cut down her idol, and stamped [it], and burnt [it] at the brook Kidron. ... And there was no [more] war unto the five and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa.

his mother:

Deuteronomy 13:6-11 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which [is] as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; ... And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you.
Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
Zechariah 13:3 And it shall come to pass, [that] when any shall yet prophesy, then his father and his mother that begat him shall say unto him, Thou shalt not live; for thou speakest lies in the name of the LORD: and his father and his mother that begat him shall thrust him through when he prophesieth.
Matthew 10:37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
Matthew 12:46-50 While he yet talked to the people, behold, [his] mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him. ... For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
2 Corinthians 5:16 Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we [him] no more.
Galatians 2:5-6 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. ... But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed [to be somewhat] in conference added nothing to me:
Galatians 2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before [them] all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?

destroyed:
Heb. cut off,
Leviticus 26:30 And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.
Deuteronomy 7:5 But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.
2 Kings 18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan.
2 Kings 23:12-15 And the altars that [were] on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake [them] down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron. ... Moreover the altar that [was] at Bethel, [and] the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and burned the high place, [and] stamped [it] small to powder, and burned the grove.
2 Chronicles 34:4 And they brake down the altars of Baalim in his presence; and the images, that [were] on high above them, he cut down; and the groves, and the carved images, and the molten images, he brake in pieces, and made dust [of them], and strowed [it] upon the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them.

and burnt:

Exodus 32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt [it] in the fire, and ground [it] to powder, and strawed [it] upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink [of it].
Deuteronomy 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, [and] ground [it] very small, [even] until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount.
Joshua 6:24 And they burnt the city with fire, and all that [was] therein: only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD.

the brook:

2 Samuel 15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
2 Kings 23:6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped [it] small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
John 18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.
, Cedron
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:20. Lv 26:30. Dt 7:5; 9:21; 13:6; 33:9. Jsh 6:24. 2S 15:23. 1K 15:2, 10. 2K 18:4; 23:6, 12. 2Ch 15:15, 16; 34:4. Zc 13:3. Mt 10:37; 12:46. Jn 18:1. 2Co 5:16. Ga 2:5, 14.

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I have often wondered what exactly was/were the "Asherah".
- MartyB (11/9/2018 1:42:16 AM)
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