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1 Kings 12:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he made houses of high places, and made priests from among all the people, that were not of the sons of Levi.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And he made houses on high places, and made priests from among all the people who were not of the sons of Levi.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he made a house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he made a house of high places, and made priests from all classes of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he made a house of high-places,—and made priests from the whole compass of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he maketh the house of high places, and maketh priests of the extremities of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he made temples in the high places, and priests of the lowest of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he made an house of hie places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sonnes of Leui.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he made houses on the high places, and made priests of any part of the people, who were not of the sons of Levi.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Lewi.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
an house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of high places, 1116
{1116} Prime
בָּמָה
bamah
{bam-maw'}
From an unused root (meaning to be high); an elevation.
and made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
priests 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
of the lowest 7098
{7098} Prime
קָצָה
qatsah
{kaw-tsaw'}
Feminine of H7097; a termination (used like H7097).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
of the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Lw לֵוִי. 3878
{3878} Prime
לֵוִי
Leviy
{lay-vee'}
From H3867; attached; Levi, a son of Jacob.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 12:26-32.


1 Kings 12:31

_ _ made priests of the lowest of the people — literally, “out of all the people,” the Levites refusing to act. He himself assumed to himself the functions of the high priest, at least, at the great festival, probably from seeing the king of Egypt conjoin the royal and sacred offices, and deeming the office of the high priest too great to be vested in a subject.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 12:25-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 12:31

An house — Houses, or chapels, besides the temples, which are built at Dan and Beth — el; he built also for his peoples better accommodation, lesser temples upon divers high places. Of the lowest — Which he might do, either, because the better sort refused it, or, because such would be satisfied with mean allowances; and so he could put into his own purse a great part of the revenues of the Levites, which doubtless he seized upon when they forsook him, and went to Jerusalem, 2 Chronicles 11:13-14, or, because mean persons would depend upon his favour, and therefore be pliable to his humour, and firm to his interest, but the words in the Hebrew properly signify, from the ends of the people; which may be translated thus, out of all the people; promiscuously out of every tribe. Which exposition seems to be confirmed by the following words, added to explain these, which were not of the sons of Levi; though they were not of the tribe of Levi. And that indeed was Jeroboam's sin; not that he chose mean persons, for some of the Levites were such; and his sin had not been less, if he had chosen the noblest and greatest persons; as we see in the example of Uzziah. But that he chose men of other tribes, contrary to God's appointment, which restrained that office to that tribe. Levi — To whom that office was confined by God's express command.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 12:31

And he made an (n) house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

(n) That is, a temple, where altars were built for idolatry.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an house:

1 Kings 13:24 And when he was gone, a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcase was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase.
1 Kings 13:32 For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which [are] in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
Ezekiel 16:25 Thou hast built thy high place at every head of the way, and hast made thy beauty to be abhorred, and hast opened thy feet to every one that passed by, and multiplied thy whoredoms.
Hosea 12:11 [Is there] iniquity [in] Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars [are] as heaps in the furrows of the fields.

priests:

1 Kings 13:33 After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became [one] of the priests of the high places.
Numbers 3:10 And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
2 Kings 17:32 So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places.
2 Chronicles 11:14-15 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto the LORD: ... And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made.
2 Chronicles 13:9 Have ye not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and have made you priests after the manner of the nations of [other] lands? so that whosoever cometh to consecrate himself with a young bullock and seven rams, [the same] may be a priest of [them that are] no gods.
Ezekiel 44:6-8 And thou shalt say to the rebellious, [even] to the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O ye house of Israel, let it suffice you of all your abominations, ... And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things: but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 3:10. Dt 24:15. 1K 13:24, 32, 33. 2K 17:32. 2Ch 11:14; 13:9. Ezk 16:25; 44:6. Ho 12:11.

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