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1 Kings 11:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned away from Jehovah, the God of Israel, who had appeared unto him twice,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the LORD was angry with Solomon because his heart was turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned away from Jehovah the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore did Yahweh shew himself angry with Solomon,—because his heart had turned aside from Yahweh God of Israel, who had appeared unto him twice;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah sheweth Himself angry with Solomon, for his heart hath turned aside from Jehovah, God of Israel, who had appeared unto him twice,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord was angry with Solomon, because his mind was turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel which had appeared vnto him twise,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord was angry with Solomon, because he turned away his heart from the Lord God of Israel, who had appeared twice to him,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh was angry with Shelomoh, because his heart was turned from Yahweh Elohim of Yisrael, which had appeared unto him twice,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
was angry 599
{0599} Prime
A primitive root; to breathe hard, that is, be enraged.
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
with lm שְׁלֹמֹה, 8010
{8010} Prime
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
his heart 3824
{3824} Prime
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
was turned 5186
{5186} Prime
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(5973) Complement
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
which had appeared 7200
{7200} Prime
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him twice, 6471
{6471} Prime
From H6470; a stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 11:9-12

_ _ 1 Kings 11:9-13. God threatens him.

_ _ the Lord was angry with Solomon — The divine appearance, first at Gibeon [1 Kings 3:5], and then at Jerusalem [1 Kings 9:2], after the dedication of the temple, with the warnings given him on both occasions [1 Kings 3:11-14; 1 Kings 9:3-9], had left Solomon inexcusable; and it was proper and necessary that on one who had been so signally favored with the gifts of Heaven, but who had grossly abused them, a terrible judgment should fall. The divine sentence was announced to him probably by Ahijah; but there was mercy mingled with judgment, in the circumstance, that it should not be inflicted on Solomon personally — and that a remnant of the kingdom should be spared — “for David’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake, which had been chosen” to put God’s name there; not from a partial bias in favor of either, but that the divine promise might stand (2 Samuel 7:12-16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

1 Kings 11:9-13

_ _ Here is, I. God's anger against Solomon for his sin. The thing he did displeased the Lord. Time was then the Lord loved Solomon (2 Samuel 12:24) and delighted in him (1 Kings 10:9), but now the Lord was angry with Solomon (1 Kings 11:9), for there was in his sin, 1. The most base ingratitude that could be. He turned from the Lord who had appeared unto him twice, once before he began to build the temple (1 Kings 3:5) and once after he had dedicated it, 1 Kings 9:2. God keeps account of the gracious visits he makes us, whether we do or no, knows how often he has appeared to us and for us, and will remember it against us if we turn from him. God's appearing to Solomon was such a sensible confirmation of his faith as should have for ever prevented his worshipping any other god; it was also such a distinguishing favour, and put such an honour upon him, as he ought never to have forgotten, especially considering what God said to him in both these appearances. 2. The most wilful disobedience. This was the very thing concerning which God had commanded himthat he should not go after other gods, yet he was not restrained by such an express admonition, 1 Kings 11:10. Those who have dominion over men are apt to forget God's dominion over them; and, while they demand obedience from their inferiors, to deny it to him who is the Supreme.

_ _ II. The message he sent him hereupon (1 Kings 11:11): The Lord said unto Solomon (it is likely by a prophet) that he must expect to smart for his apostasy. And here, 1. The sentence is just, that, since he had revolted from God, part of his kingdom should revolt from his family; he had given God's glory to the creature, and therefore God would give his crown to his servant: “I will rend the kingdom from thee, in thy posterity, and will give it to thy servant, who shall bear rule over much of that for which thou hast laboured.” This was a great mortification to Solomon, who pleased himself no doubt with the prospect of the entail of his rich kingdom upon his heirs for ever. Sin brings ruin upon families, cuts off entails, alienates estates, and lays men's honour in the dust. 2. Yet the mitigations of it are very kind, for David's sake (1 Kings 11:12, 1 Kings 11:13), that is, for the sake of the promise made to David. Thus all the favour God shows to man is for Christ's sake, and for the sake of the covenant made with him. The kingdom shall be rent from Solomon's house, but, (1.) Not immediately. Solomon shall not live to see it done, but it shall be rent out of the hand of his son, a son that was born to him by one of his strange wives, for his mother was an Ammonitess (1 Kings 14:31) and probably had been a promoter of idolatry. What comfort can a man take in leaving children and an estate behind him if he do not leave a blessing behind him? Yet, if judgments be coming, it is a favour to us if they come not in our days, as 2 Kings 20:19. (2.) Not wholly. One tribe, that of Judah, the strongest and most numerous, shall remain to the house of David (1 Kings 11:13), for Jerusalem's sake, which David built, and for the sake of the temple there, which Solomon built; these shall not go into other hands. Solomon did not quickly nor wholly turn away from God; therefore God did not quickly nor wholly take the kingdom from him.

_ _ Upon this message which God graciously sent to Solomon, to awaken his conscience and bring him to repentance, we have reason to hope that he humbled himself before God, confessed his sin, begged pardon, and returned to his duty, that he then published his repentance in the book of Ecclesiastes, where he bitterly laments his own folly and madness (Ecclesiastes 7:25, Ecclesiastes 7:26), and warns others to take heed of the like evil courses, and to fear God and keep his commandments, in consideration of the judgment to come, which, it is likely, had made him tremble, as it did Felix. That penitential sermon was as true an indication of a heart broken for sin and turned from it as David's penitential psalms were, though of another nature. God's grace in his people works variously. Thus, though Solomon fell, he was not utterly cast down; what God had said to David concerning him was fulfilled: I will chasten him with the rod of men, but my mercy shall not depart from him, 2 Samuel 7:14, 2 Samuel 7:15. Though God may suffer those whom he loves to fall into sin, he will not suffer them to lie still in it. Solomon's defection, though it was much his reproach and a great blemish to his personal character, yet did not so far break in upon the character of his reign but that it was afterwards made the pattern of a good reign, 2 Chronicles 11:17, where the kings are said to have done well, while they walked in the way of David and Solomon. But, though we have all this reason to hope he repented and found mercy, yet the Holy Ghost did not think fit expressly to record his recovery, but left it doubtful, for warning to others not to sin upon presumption of repenting, for it is but a peradventure whether God will give them repentance, or, if he do, whether he will give the evidence of it to themselves or others. Great sinners may recover themselves and have the benefit of their repentance, and yet be denied both the comfort and credit of it; the guilt may be taken away, and yet not the reproach.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 4:14 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and he said, [Is] not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart.
Numbers 12:9 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against them; and he departed.
Deuteronomy 3:26 But the LORD was wroth with me for your sakes, and would not hear me: and the LORD said unto me, Let it suffice thee; speak no more unto me of this matter.
Deuteronomy 9:8 Also in Horeb ye provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry with you to have destroyed you.
Deuteronomy 9:20 And the LORD was very angry with Aaron to have destroyed him: and I prayed for Aaron also the same time.
2 Samuel 6:7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for [his] error; and there he died by the ark of God.
2 Samuel 11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.
1 Chronicles 21:7 And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.
Psalms 78:58-60 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images. ... So that he forsook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent [which] he placed among men;
Psalms 90:7-8 For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled. ... Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret [sins] in the light of thy countenance.

his heart:

1 Kings 11:2-3 Of the nations [concerning] which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: [for] surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. ... And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.
Deuteronomy 7:4 For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly.
Proverbs 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.
Isaiah 29:13-14 Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near [me] with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men: ... Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, [even] a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise [men] shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent [men] shall be hid.
Hosea 4:11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart.
2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

which had appeared:

1 Kings 3:5 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee.
1 Kings 9:2 That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon.
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Ex 4:14. Nu 12:9. Dt 3:26; 7:4; 9:8, 20. 2S 6:7; 11:27. 1K 3:5; 9:2; 11:2. 1Ch 21:7. Ps 78:58; 90:7. Pv 4:23. Is 29:13. Ho 4:11. 2Ti 4:10.

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