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1 Kings 11:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And God raised up [another] adversary unto him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— God also raised up [another] adversary to him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, who fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— God stirred him up yet an adversary, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from Hadadezer king of Zobah, his lord.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And God raised up against him an adversary, Rezon son of Eliada,—who had fled from Hadadezer king of Zobah, his lord;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And God raiseth to him an adversary, Rezon son of Eliadah, who hath fled from Hadadezer king of Zobah, his lord,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— God also raised up against him an adversary, Razon, the son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Adarezer, the king of Soba.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And God stirred him vp [another] aduersary: Rezon, the sonne of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Elohim stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Elyada, which fled from his adon Hadadezer king of Tzovah:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
stirred him up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[another] adversary, 7854
{7854} Prime
שָׂטָן
satan
{saw-tawn'}
From H7853; an opponent; especially (with the article prefixed) Satan, the arch enemy of good.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Rzn רְזוֹן 7331
{7331} Prime
רְזוֹן
R@zown
{rez-one'}
From H7336; prince; Rezon, a Syrian.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Ely` אֶליָדָע, 450
{0450} Prime
אֶלְיָדָע
'Elyada`
{el-yaw-daw'}
From H0410 and H3045; God (is) knowing; Eljada, the name of two Israelites and of an Aramaean.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
fled 1272
{1272} Prime
בָּרַח
barach
{baw-rakh'}
A primitive root; to bolt, that is, figuratively to flee suddenly.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
his n אֲדוֹן 113
{0113} Prime
אָדוֹן
'adown
{aw-done'}
From an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine).
Ha`ezer הֲדַדעֶזֶר 1909
{1909} Prime
הֲדַדְעֶזֶר
Hadad`ezer
{had-ad-eh'-zer}
From H1908 and H5828; Hadad (is his) help; Hadadezer, a Syrian king.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Xv צוֹבָה: 6678
{6678} Prime
צוֹבָא
Tsowba'
{tso-baw'}
From an unused root meaning to station; a station; Zoba or Zobah, a region of Syria.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 11:14-25.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 11:14-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 11:23

Who fled — When David had defeated him. Zobah — A part of Syria, between Damascus and Euphrates.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 11:23

And God stirred him up [another] adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which (m) fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah:

(m) When David had defeated Hadadezer and his army.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
God:

1 Kings 11:14 And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he [was] of the king's seed in Edom.
2 Samuel 16:11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now [may this] Benjamite [do it]? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath bidden him.
Ezra 1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and [put it] also in writing, saying,
Isaiah 13:17 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and [as for] gold, they shall not delight in it.
Isaiah 37:26 Hast thou not heard long ago, [how] I have done it; [and] of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities [into] ruinous heaps.
Isaiah 45:5 I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else, [there is] no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:
Ezekiel 38:16 And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes.

Hadadezer:

2 Samuel 8:3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.
2 Samuel 10:8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, [were] by themselves in the field.
2 Samuel 10:15-18 And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together. ... And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew [the men of] seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.
1 Chronicles 18:3-9 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates. ... Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;
1 Chronicles 19:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah.
1 Chronicles 19:16-19 And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that [were] beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer [went] before them. ... And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.
, Hadarezer,
Psalms 60:1 [[To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand.]] O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 8:3; 10:8, 15; 16:11. 1K 11:14. 1Ch 18:3; 19:6, 16. Ezr 1:1. Ps 60:1. Is 13:17; 37:26; 45:5. Ezk 38:16.

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