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1 Kings 10:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the king had at sea a navy of Tarshish with the navy of Hiram: once every three years came the navy of Tarshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the king had at sea the ships of Tarshish with the ships of Hiram; once every three years the ships of Tarshish came bringing gold and silver, ivory and apes and peacocks.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the king had on the sea a Tarshish-fleet, with the fleet of Hiram: once in three years came the Tarshish-fleet, bringing gold and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, a fleet of Tarshish, had the king, at sea, with the fleet of Hiram,—once in three years, came in the fleet of Tarshish, bringing gold and silver, ivory and apes, and peacocks.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for a navy of Tarshish hath the king at sea with a navy of Hiram; once in three years cometh the navy of Tarshish, bearing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the king's navy, once in three years, went with the navy of Hiram by sea to Tharsis, and brought from thence gold, and silver, and elephants' teeth, and apes, and peacocks.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the king [had] at sea a nauie of Tharshish, with the nauie of Hiram: once in three yeeres came the nauie of Tharshish, bringing golde and siluer, yuorie, and apes, and peacocks.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For Solomon had a ship of Tharshish{gr.Tharsis} in the sea with the ships of Huram{gr.Chiram}: one ship came to the king every three years out of Tharshish{gr.Tharsis}, [laden with] gold and silver, and wrought stones, and hewn stones. This was the arrangement of the provision which king Solomon fetched to build the house of the Lord, and the house of the king, and the wall of Jerusalem, and the citadel; to fortify the city of David, and Asshur{gr.Assur}, and Magdal, and Gezer{gr.Gazer}, and Bethhoron{gr.Baethoron} the upper, and Jethermath, and all the cities of the chariots, and all the cities of the horsemen, and the fortification of Solomon which he purposed to build in Jerusalem and in all the land, so that none of the people should rule over him that was left of the Hittite{gr.Chettite} and the Amorite, and the Perizzite{gr.Pherezite}, and the Canaanite{gr.Chananite}, and the Hivite{gr.Evite}, and the Jebusite, and the Girgashite{gr.Gergesite}, who were not of the children of Israel, their descendants who had been left with him in the land, whom the children of Israel could not utterly destroy; and Solomon made them tributaries until this day. But of the children of Israel Solomon made nothing; for they were the warriors, and his servants and rulers, and captains of the third order, and the captains of his chariots, and his horsemen.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the king had at sea a navy of Tarshish with the navy of Chiram: once in three years came the navy of Tarshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
had at sea 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
a navy 590
{0590} Prime
אֳנִי
'oniy
{on-ee'}
Probably from H0479 (in the sense of conveyance); a ship or (collectively) a fleet.
of Tar תַּרשִׁישׁ 8659
{8659} Prime
תַּרְשִׁישׁ
Tarshiysh
{tar-sheesh'}
Probably the same as H8658 (as the region of the stone, or the reverse); Tarshish, a place on the Mediterranean, hence the epithet of a merchant vessel (as if for or from that port); also the name of a Persian and of an Israelite.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
the navy 590
{0590} Prime
אֳנִי
'oniy
{on-ee'}
Probably from H0479 (in the sense of conveyance); a ship or (collectively) a fleet.
of rm חִירָם: 2438
{2438} Prime
חִירָם
Chiyram
{khee-rawm'}
Another form of H2361; Chiram or Chirom, the name of two Tyrians.
once 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
in three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the navy 590
{0590} Prime
אֳנִי
'oniy
{on-ee'}
Probably from H0479 (in the sense of conveyance); a ship or (collectively) a fleet.
of Tar תַּרשִׁישׁ, 8659
{8659} Prime
תַּרְשִׁישׁ
Tarshiysh
{tar-sheesh'}
Probably the same as H8658 (as the region of the stone, or the reverse); Tarshish, a place on the Mediterranean, hence the epithet of a merchant vessel (as if for or from that port); also the name of a Persian and of an Israelite.
bringing 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
and silver, 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
ivory, 8143
{8143} Prime
שֶׁנְהַבִּים
shenhabbiym
{shen-hab-beem'}
From H8127 and the plural apparently of a foreign word; probably tooth of elephants, that is, ivory tusk.
and apes, 6971
{6971} Prime
קוֹף
qowph
{kofe}
Probably of foreign origin; a monkey.
and peacocks. 8500
{8500} Prime
תֻּכִּי
tukkiy
{took-kee'}
Probably of foreign derivation; some imported creature, probably a peacock.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 10:18-26.


1 Kings 10:22

_ _ a navy of Tharshish — Tartessus in Spain. There gold, and especially silver, was obtained, anciently, in so great abundance that it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon. But “Tarshish” came to be a general term for the West (Jonah 1:3).

_ _ at sea — on the Mediterranean.

_ _ once in three years — that is, every third year. Without the mariner’s compass they had to coast along the shore. The ivory, apes, and peacocks might have been purchased, on the outward or homeward voyage, on the north coast of Africa, where the animals were to be found. They were particularized, probably as being the rarest articles on board.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 10:14-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 10:22

Tharshish — Ships that went to Tharshish. For Tharshish was the name of a place upon the sea, famous for its traffick with merchants, and it was a place very remote from Judea, as appears from the three years usually spent in that voyage. But whether it was Spain, where in those times there was abundance of gold and silver, as Strabo and others affirm; or, some place in the Indies, it is needless to determine.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 10:22

For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of (h) Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

(h) By Tharshish is meant Cilicia, which was abundant in the variety of precious things.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Tharshish:

1 Kings 22:48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.
Genesis 10:4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
2 Chronicles 9:21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
2 Chronicles 20:36-37 And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and they made the ships in Eziongeber. ... Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
Psalms 48:7 Thou breakest the ships of Tarshish with an east wind.
Psalms 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.
Isaiah 2:16 And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.
Isaiah 23:1 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.
Isaiah 23:6 Pass ye over to Tarshish; howl, ye inhabitants of the isle.
Isaiah 23:10 Pass through thy land as a river, O daughter of Tarshish: [there is] no more strength.
Isaiah 60:9 Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Ezekiel 27:12 Tarshish [was] thy merchant by reason of the multitude of all [kind of] riches; with silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded in thy fairs.
Jonah 1:3 But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD, and went down to Joppa; and he found a ship going to Tarshish: so he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.
, Tarshish

ivory:
or, elephant's teeth,
1 Kings 10:18 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.
Amos 3:15 And I will smite the winter house with the summer house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great houses shall have an end, saith the LORD.

apes:
Kophim, rather monkeys, the same as the Greek κηφος, κηπος, or κηβος, and Roman Cephus, which animal both Pliny and Solinus inform us was brought from Ethiopia.

peacocks:

Job 39:13 [Gavest thou] the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:4. 1K 10:18; 22:48. 2Ch 9:21; 20:36. Jb 39:13. Ps 48:7; 72:10. Is 2:16; 23:1, 6, 10; 60:9; 66:19. Ezk 27:12. Am 3:15. Jna 1:3.

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