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1 Kings 10:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— besides [that which] the traders [brought], and the traffic of the merchants, and of all the kings of the mingled people, and of the governors of the country.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Beside [that he had] of the merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the country.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— besides [that] from the traders and the wares of the merchants and all the kings of the Arabs and the governors of the country.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Besides [what he had] of the merchants, and of the traffic of the spice-merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the country.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— besides what [came] by the dealers, and by the traffic of the merchants, and by all the kings of Arabia, and by the governors of the country.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— besides the tribute of the subjugated, and of the travelling merchants,—and of all the kings of Arabia, and the pashas of the land.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— apart from [that of] the tourists, and of the traffic of the merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the land.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Besides that which the men brought him that were over the tributes, and the merchants, and they that sold by retail, and all the kings of Arabia, and the governors of the country.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Besides [that he had] of the merchant men, and of the traffique of the spicemerchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the gouernours of the countrey.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Besides the tributes of them that were subjects, both merchants and all the kings of the [country] beyond [the river], and of the princes of the land.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Beside [that he had] of the merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Erev, and of the governors of the country.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Beside x905
(0905) Complement
בַּד
bad
{bad}
From H0909; properly separation; by implication a part of the body, branch of a tree, bar for carrying; figuratively chief of a city; especially (with prepositional prefix) as adverb, apart, only, besides.
[that he had] of the merchantmen, 8446
{8446} Prime
תּוּר
tuwr
{toor}
A primitive root; to meander (causatively guide) about, especially for trade or reconnoitring.
y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
and of the traffick 4536
{4536} Prime
מִסְחָר
micchar
{mis-khawr'}
From H5503; trade.
of the spice merchants, 7402
{7402} Prime
רָכַל
rakal
{raw-kal'}
A primitive root; to travel for trading.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of `Erev עֶרֶב, y6153
[6153] Standard
עֶרֶב
`ereb
{eh'-reb}
From H6150; dusk.
x6154
(6154) Complement
עֵרֶב
`ereb
{ay'-reb}
The second form used in 1 Kings 10:15 with the article prefixed); from H6148; the web (or transverse threads of cloth); also a mixture, (or mongrel race).
and of the governors 6346
{6346} Prime
פֶּחָה
pechah
{peh-khaw'}
Of foreign origin; a prefect (of a city or small district).
of the country. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 10:14-15.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 10:14-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 10:15

Merchant — men — Heb. of the searchers; either merchants, who use to search out commodities: or, the gatherers of the king's revenues, who used to search narrowly into all wares, that the king might not be defrauded of his rights. Spice — merchants — Or rather, of the merchants in general, as the word is often used. So this and the former particular contain both the branches of the king's revenue, what he had from the land, and what he had from the merchants and traders. Kings — Of those parts of Arabia which were next to Canaan, which were either conquered by David, or submitted to pay tribute to Solomon. But we must not think all these to be kings of large dominions; many of them were only governors of cities, and the territories belonging to them, such as were formerly in Canaan, and were anciently called kings. The country — Or, of the land; the land of Arabia: whereof some parts were so far conquered, that he had governors of his own over them, who were each of them to take care of the king's revenue in his jurisdiction; and part only so far, that they still had kings of their own, but such as were tributaries to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 10:15

Beside [that he had] of the merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the (f) country.

(f) That is, Arabia, which for the great abundance of all things was called Happy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all the kings:

1 Chronicles 9:24 In four quarters were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south.
2 Chronicles 9:13-14 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and threescore and six talents of gold; ... Beside [that which] chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.
Psalms 72:10 The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.
Isaiah 21:13 The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.
Galatians 4:25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

governors:
or, captains
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1Ch 9:24. 2Ch 9:13. Ps 72:10. Is 21:13. Ga 4:25.

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