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1 Kings 1:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men that belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which [belonged] to David, were not with Adonijah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who [belonged] to David, were not with Adonijah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men whom David had, were not with Adonijah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty ones whom David hath, have not been with Adonijah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Sadoc, the priest, and Banaias, the son of Joiada, and Nathan, the prophet, and Semei, and Rei, and the strength of David's army, was not with Adonias.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Zadok the Priest, and Benaiah the sonne of Iehoiada, and Nathan the Prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mightie men which [belonged] to Dauid, were not with Adoniiah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But Zadok{gr.Sadoc} the priest, and Benaiah{gr.Banaeas} the son of Jehoiada{gr.Jodae}, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei{gr.Semei}, and Resi, and the mighty men of David, did not follow Adonijah{gr.Adonias}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Tzadoq the priest, and Benayah the son of Yehoyada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimi, and Rei, and the mighty men which [belonged] to Dawid, were not with Adoniyyah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Xk צָדוֹק 6659
{6659} Prime
צָדוֹק
Tsadowq
{tsaw-doke'}
From H6663; just; Tsadok, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
the priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and Bny בְּנָיָה 1141
{1141} Prime
בְּנָיָה
B@nayah
{ben-aw-yaw'}
From H1129 and H3050; Jah has built; Benajah, the name of twelve Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yhy` יְהוֹיָדָע, 3077
{3077} Prime
יְהוֹיָדָע
Y@howyada`
{yeh-ho-yaw-daw'}
From H3068 and H3045; Jehovah-known; Jehojada, the name of three Israelites.
and Nn נָתָן 5416
{5416} Prime
נָתָן
Nathan
{naw-thawn'}
From H5414; given; Nathan, the name of five Israelites.
the prophet, 5030
{5030} Prime
נָבִיא
nabiy'
{naw-bee'}
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
and im` שִׁמעִי, 8096
{8096} Prime
שִׁמְעִי
Shim`iy
{shim-ee'}
From H8088; famous; Shimi, the name of twenty Israelites.
and R` רֵעִי, 7472
{7472} Prime
רֵעִי
Re`iy
{ray-ee'}
From H7453; social; Rei, an Israelite.
and the mighty men 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[belonged] to Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
niyy אֲדֹנִיָּה. 138
{0138} Prime
אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ
'Adoniyah
{ad-o-nee-yaw'}
From H0113 and H3050; lord (that is, worshipper) of Jah; Adonijah, the name of three Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 1:8

_ _ But Zadok the priest — He had been high priest in the tabernacle at Gibeon under Saul (1 Chronicles 16:39). David, on his accession, had conjoined him and Abiathar equal in the exercise of their high functions (2 Samuel 8:17; 2 Samuel 15:24, 2 Samuel 15:29, 2 Samuel 15:35). But it is extremely probable that some cause of jealousy or discord between them had arisen, and hence each lent his countenance and support to opposite parties.

_ _ Benaiah — Distinguished for his bravery (1 Samuel 23:20), he had been appointed captain of the king’s bodyguard (2 Samuel 8:18; 2 Samuel 20:23; 1 Chronicles 18:17), and was regarded by Joab as a rival.

_ _ Nathan the prophet — He was held in high estimation by David, and stood on the most intimate relations with the royal family (2 Samuel 12:25).

_ _ Shimei — probably the person of this name who was afterwards enrolled among Solomon’s great officers (1 Kings 4:18).

_ _ Rei — supposed to be the same as Ira (2 Samuel 20:26).

_ _ and the mighty men — the select band of worthies.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 1:5-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Zadok:

1 Kings 2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.
2 Samuel 8:17-18 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, [were] the priests; and Seraiah [was] the scribe; ... And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was over] both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.
2 Samuel 20:25 And Sheva [was] scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar [were] the priests:
1 Chronicles 27:5-6 The third captain of the host for the third month [was] Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, a chief priest: and in his course [were] twenty and four thousand. ... This [is that] Benaiah, [who was] mighty [among] the thirty, and above the thirty: and in his course [was] Ammizabad his son.
Ezekiel 44:15 But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD:

Nathan:

2 Samuel 7:2-4 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. ... And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
2 Samuel 12:1-15 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. ... And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick.

Shimei:

1 Kings 4:18 Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin:
Zechariah 12:13 The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart;

the mighty:

2 Samuel 23:8-39 These [be] the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same [was] Adino the Eznite: [he lift up his spear] against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time. ... Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.
1 Chronicles 11:10-47 These also [are] the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, [and] with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel. ... Eliel, and Obed, and Jasiel the Mesobaite.
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2S 7:2; 8:17; 12:1; 20:25; 23:8. 1K 2:35; 4:18. 1Ch 11:10; 27:5. Ezk 44:15. Zc 12:13.

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