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1 Kings 1:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah helped [him].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He had conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest; and following Adonijah they helped him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah, helped [him].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest; and they helped Adonijah and followed [him].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then he had speech with Joab, son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest,—and they gave help, following Adonijah.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And his words are with Joab son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest, and they help after Adonijah;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he conferred with Joab, the son of Sarvia, and with Abiathar, the priest, who furthered Adonias's side.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee conferred with Ioab the sonne of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the Priest: and they following Adoniiah, helped [him].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah{gr.Saruia}, and with Abiathar the priest, and they followed after Adonijah{gr.Adonias}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he conferred with Yoav the son of Tzeruyah, and with Evyathar the priest: and they following Adoniyyah helped [him].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he conferred 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Yv יוֹאָב 3097
{3097} Prime
יוֹאָב
Yow'ab
{yo-awb'}
From H3068 and H0001; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites.
the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Xry צְרוּיָה, 6870
{6870} Prime
צְרוּיָה
Ts@ruwyah
{tser-oo-yaw'}
Feminine participle passive from the same as H6875; wounded; Tserujah, an Israelitess.
and with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
Evyr אֶביָתָר 54
{0054} Prime
אֶבְיָתָר
'Ebyathar
{ab-yaw-thawr'}
Contracted from H0001 and H3498; father of abundance (that is, liberal); Ebjathar, an Israelite.
the priest: 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and they following 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
niyy אֲדֹנִיָּה 138
{0138} Prime
אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ
'Adoniyah
{ad-o-nee-yaw'}
From H0113 and H3050; lord (that is, worshipper) of Jah; Adonijah, the name of three Israelites.
helped 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[him].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 1:7

_ _ he conferred with Joab — The anxiety of Adonijah to secure the influence of a leader so bold, enterprising, and popular with the army was natural, and the accession of the hoary commander is easily accounted for from his recent grudge at the king (see on 2 Samuel 19:13).

_ _ and with Abiathar the priest — His influence was as great over the priests and Levites — a powerful body in the kingdom — as that of Joab over the troops. It might be that both of them thought the crown belonged to Adonijah by right of primogeniture, from his mature age and the general expectations of the people (1 Kings 2:15).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 1:5-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 Kings 1:7

They helped — Either because they thought the right of the crown was his: or to secure and advance their own interest. It seems God left them to themselves, to correct them for former miscarriages, with a rod of their own making.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 1:7

And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the priest: and they following Adonijah (e) helped [him].

(e) They took his part and followed him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And he conferred:
Heb. his words were,
2 Samuel 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
Psalms 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],

Joab:

1 Kings 2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
2 Samuel 8:16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah [was] over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud [was] recorder;
2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab [was] over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was] over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Abiathar:

1 Samuel 22:20-23 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David. ... Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard.
2 Samuel 15:24-29 And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites [were] with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done passing out of the city. ... Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.
2 Samuel 15:35 And [hast thou] not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, [that] what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house, thou shalt tell [it] to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.
2 Samuel 20:25 And Sheva [was] scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar [were] the priests:

following Adonijah helped him:
Heb. helped after Adonijah,
1 Kings 2:22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he [is] mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.
1 Kings 2:26-35 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou [art] worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. ... And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.
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1S 22:20. 2S 8:16; 15:12, 24, 35; 20:23, 25. 1K 2:22, 26, 28. Ps 2:2.

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