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1 Kings 1:50 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Adonijah feared because of Solomon; and he arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Adonijah was afraid of Solomon, and he arose, went and took hold of the horns of the altar.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose and went and caught hold of the horns of the altar.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Adonijah also, feared because of Solomon,—and rose and went, and caught hold of the horns of the altar.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Adonijah feareth because of Solomon, and riseth, and goeth, and layeth hold on the horns of the altar.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Adonias fearing Solomon, arose and went, and took hold of the horn of the altar.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Adoniiah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the hornes of the Altar.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Adonijah{gr.Adonias} feared because of Solomon, and arose, and departed, and laid hold on the horns of the altar.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Adoniyyah feared because of Shelomoh, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And niyy אֲדֹנִיָּה 138
{0138} Prime
אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ
'Adoniyah
{ad-o-nee-yaw'}
From H0113 and H3050; lord (that is, worshipper) of Jah; Adonijah, the name of three Israelites.
feared 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
because 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of lm שְׁלֹמֹה, 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
and arose, 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and went, y3212
[3212] Standard
יָלַך
yalak
{yaw-lak'}
A primitive root (compare H1980); to walk (literally or figuratively); causatively to carry (in various senses).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x1980
(1980) Complement
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
and caught hold 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
on the horns 7161
{7161} Prime
קֶרֶן
qeren
{keh'-ren}
From H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication a flask, cornet; by resemblance an elephant's tooth (that is, ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively power.
of the altar. 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 Kings 1:50-53

_ _ 1 Kings 1:50-53. Adonijah, fleeing to the horns of the Altar, is dismissed by Solomon.

_ _ Adonijah ... went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar — most probably the altar of burnt offering which had been erected on Mount Zion, where Abiathar, one of his partisans, presided as high priest. The horns or projections at the four corners of the altar, to which the sacrifices were bound, and which were tipped with the blood of the victim, were symbols of grace and salvation to the sinner. Hence the altar was regarded as a sanctuary (Exodus 21:14), but not to murderers, rebels, or deliberate perpetrators. Adonijah, having acted in opposition to the will of the reigning king, was guilty of rebellion, and stood self-condemned. Solomon spared his life on the express condition of his good behavior — living in strict privacy, leading a quiet, peaceable life, and meddling with the affairs of neither the court nor the kingdom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 Kings 1:41-53.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 Kings 1:50

And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the (t) altar.

(t) Which David his father had built in the floor of Araunah, (2 Samuel 24:25).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
caught:

1 Kings 2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
Exodus 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.
Exodus 38:2 And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass.
Psalms 118:27 God [is] the LORD, which hath shewed us light: bind the sacrifice with cords, [even] unto the horns of the altar.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 21:14; 38:2. 1K 2:28. Ps 118:27.

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