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1 John 5:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For there are three who bear witness, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and the three agree in one.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there are three that bear witness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— the Spirit and the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there are three that bear testimony on earth, the spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the Spirit, and the water, and the blood; and the three agree in one.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Spirit, and the Water, and the Blood; and, the three, are, [witnesses], unto one thing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [and three are who are testifying in the earth], the Spirit, and the water, and the blood, and the three are into the one.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there are three that give testimony on earth: the spirit and the water and the blood. And these three are one.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there are three that beare witnesse in earth, the Spirit, and the Water, and the Blood, and these three agree in one.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— the Spirit, and the water, and the blood; and these three are in one.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And there are three witnesses, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three are in union.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there are 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
three 5140
{5140} Prime
τρεῖς
treis
{trice}
A primary (plural) number; 'three'.
that bear witness 3140
{3140} Prime
μαρτυρέω
martureo
{mar-too-reh'-o}
From G3144; to be a witness, that is, testify (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
earth, 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Spirit, 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
and y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
x2352
(2352) Complement
θραύω
thrauo
{throw'-o}
A primary verb; to crush.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
water, 5204
{5204} Prime
ὕδωρ
hudor
{hoo'-dore}
From the base of G5205; water (as if rainy) literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
blood: 129
{0129} Prime
αἷμα
haima
{hah'-ee-mah}
Of uncertain derivation; blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specifically (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication bloodshed, also kindred.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
these three 5140
{5140} Prime
τρεῖς
treis
{trice}
A primary (plural) number; 'three'.
agree 1526
{1526} Prime
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
in 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
one. 1520
{1520} Prime
εἷς
heis
{hice}
(Including the neuter [etc.] ἕν [[hen]]); a primary numeral; one.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 5:8

_ _ agree in one — “tend unto one result”; their agreeing testimony to Jesus’ Sonship and Messiahship they give by the sacramental grace in the water of baptism, received by the penitent believer, by the atoning efficacy of His blood, and by the internal witness of His Spirit (1 John 5:10): answering to the testimony given to Jesus’ Sonship and Messiahship by His baptism, His crucifixion, and the Spirit’s manifestations in Him (see on 1 John 5:6). It was by His coming by water (that is, His baptism in Jordan) that Jesus was solemnly inaugurated in office, and revealed Himself as Messiah; this must have been peculiarly important in John’s estimation, who was first led to Christ by the testimony of the Baptist. By the baptism then received by Christ, and by His redeeming blood-shedding, and by that which the Spirit of God, whose witness is infallible, has effected, and still effects, by Him, the Spirit, the water, and the blood, unite, as the threefold witness, to verify His divine Messiahship [Neander].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 5:6-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 5:8

And there are three that testify in heaven — The testimony of the Spirit, the water, and the blood, is by an eminent gradation corroborated by three, who give a still greater testimony. The Father — Who clearly testified of the Son, both at his baptism and at his transfiguration. The Word — Who testified of himself on many occasions, while he was on earth; and again, with still greater solemnity, after his ascension into heaven, Revelation 1:5; Revelation 19:13. And the Spirit — Whose testimony was added chiefly after his glorification, 1 John 2:27; John 15:26; Acts 5:32; Romans 8:16. And these three are one — Even as those two, the Father and the Son, are one, John 10:30. Nothing can separate the Spirit from the Father and the Son. If he were not one with the Father and the Son, the apostle ought to have said, The Father and the Word, who are one, and the Spirit, are two. But this is contrary to the whole tenor of revelation. It remains that these three are one. They are one in essence, in knowledge, in will, and in their testimony.

It is observable, the three in the one verse are opposed, not conjointly, but severally, to the three in the other: as if he had said, Not only the Spirit testifies, but also the Father, John 5:37; not only the water, but also the Word, John 3:11, John 10:41; not only the blood, but also the Holy Ghost, John 15:26, &c. It must now appear, to every reasonable man, how absolutely necessary 1 John 5:8 is. St. John could not think of the testimony of the Spirit, and water, and blood, and subjoin, "The testimony of God is greater," without thinking also of the testimony of the Son and Holy Ghost; yea, and mentioning it in so solemn an enumeration. Nor can any possible reason be devised, why, without three testifying in heaven, he should enumerate three, and no more, who testify on earth. The testimony of all is given on earth, not in heaven; but they who testify are part on earth, part in heaven. The witnesses who are on earth testify chiefly concerning his abode on earth, though not excluding his state of exaltation: the witnesses who are in heaven testify chiefly concerning his glory at God's right hand, though not excluding his state of humiliation.

1 John 5:6-7 contains a recapitulation of the whole economy of Christ, from his baptism to pentecost; 1 John 5:8 the sum of the divine economy, from the time of his exaltation. Hence it farther appears, that this position of 1 John 5:7-8, which places those who testify on earth before those who testify in heaven, is abundantly preferable to the other, and affords a gradation admirably suited to the subject.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
there:

1 John 5:7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.

the spirit:

1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, [even] Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.
Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it], and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. ... For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
Romans 8:16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:
Hebrews 6:4 For [it is] impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

the water:

Acts 2:2-4 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. ... And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
2 Corinthians 1:22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

the blood:

Hebrews 13:12 Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

and these:

Mark 14:56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.
Acts 15:15 And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 26:26; 28:19. Mk 14:56. Jn 15:26. Ac 2:2; 15:15. Ro 8:16. 2Co 1:22. He 6:4; 13:12. 1P 3:21. 1Jn 5:6, 7.

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