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1 John 5:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not [leading] to death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not to death.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Every unrighteousness is sin; and there is a sin not to death.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All unrighteousness, is, sin, and there, is, a sin, not unto death.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— all unrighteousness is sin, and there is sin not unto death.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— All iniquity is sin. And there is a sin unto death.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All vnrighteousnes is sinne, and there is a sinne not vnto death.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For all iniquity is sin; and there is sin which is not of death.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For all iniquity is sin; and there is a sin which is not of death.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
unrighteousness 93
{0093} Prime
ἀδικία
adikia
{ad-ee-kee'-ah}
From G0094; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of charater, life or act).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
sin: 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
a sin 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
death. 2288
{2288} Prime
θάνατος
thanatos
{than'-at-os}
From G2348; (properly an adjective used as a noun) death (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

1 John 5:17

_ _ “Every unrighteousness (even that of believers, compare 1 John 1:9; 1 John 3:4. Every coming short of right) is sin”; (but) not every sin is the sin unto death.

_ _ and there is a sin not unto death — in the case of which, therefore, believers may intercede. Death and life stand in correlative opposition (1 John 5:11-13). The sin unto death must be one tending “towards” (so the Greek), and so resulting in, death. Alford makes it to be an appreciable ACT of sin, namely, the denying Jesus to be the Christ, the Son of God (in contrast to confess this truth, 1 John 5:1, 1 John 5:5), 1 John 2:19, 1 John 2:22; 1 John 4:2, 1 John 4:3; 1 John 5:10. Such willful deniers of Christ are not to be received into one’s house, or wished “God speed.” Still, I think with Bengel, not merely the act, but also the state of apostasy accompanying the act, is included — a “state of soul in which faith, love, and hope, in short, the new life, is extinguished. The chief commandment is faith and love. Therefore, the chief sin is that by which faith and love are destroyed. In the former case is life; in the latter, death. As long as it is not evident (see on 1 John 5:16, on ‘see’) that it is a sin unto death, it is lawful to pray. But when it is deliberate rejection of grace, and the man puts from him life thereby, how can others procure for him life?” Contrast James 5:14-18. Compare Matthew 12:31, Matthew 12:32 as to the willful rejection of Christ, and resistance to the Holy Ghost’s plain testimony to Him as the divine Messiah. Jesus, on the cross, pleaded only for those who KNEW NOT what they were doing in crucifying Him, not for those willfully resisting grace and knowledge. If we pray for the impenitent, it must be with humble reference of the matter to God’s will, not with the intercessory request which we should offer for a brother when erring.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 5:14-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 5:17

All deviation from perfect holiness is sin; but all sin is not unpardonable.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 5:17

(16) All unrighteousness is sin: and there is a sin not unto death.

(16) The taking away of an objection: indeed all iniquity is comprehended under the name of sin: but yet we must not despair therefore, because every sin is not deadly, and without hope of remedy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all:

1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
Deuteronomy 5:32 Ye shall observe to do therefore as the LORD your God hath commanded you: ye shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.
Deuteronomy 12:32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

and:

1 John 5:16 If any man see his brother sin a sin [which is] not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not say that he shall pray for it.
Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
Ezekiel 18:26-32 When a righteous [man] turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, and dieth in them; for his iniquity that he hath done shall he die. ... For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn [yourselves], and live ye.
Romans 5:20-21 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound: ... That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
James 4:7-10 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. ... Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 5:32; 12:32. Is 1:18. Ezk 18:26. Ro 5:20. Jm 1:15; 4:7. 1Jn 3:4; 5:16.

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