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1 John 4:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There is no fear in love: but perfect love casteth out fear, because fear hath punishment; and he that feareth is not made perfect in love.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves punishment, and the one who fears is not perfected in love.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth, is not made perfect in love.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out fear; for fear has torment, and he that fears has not been made perfect in love.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Fear, existeth not, in love, but, perfect love, casteth fear, outside; because, fear, hath correction: he that feareth, hath not been made perfect, in love.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— fear is not in the love, but the perfect love doth cast out the fear, because the fear hath punishment, and he who is fearing hath not been made perfect in the love;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Fear is not in charity: but perfect charity casteth out fear, because fear hath sin. And he that feareth is not perfected in charity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— There is no feare in loue, but perfect loue casteth out feare: because feare hath torment: hee that feareth, is not made perfect in loue.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Fear in love is not: but perfect love hath cast out fear, because fear is in terror. He who feareth is not perfect in love.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— In love there is no fear; but perfect love casteth out fear; because fear existeth in peril, and he that feareth is not perfected in love.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
There is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
no 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
fear 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
love; 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
perfect 5046
{5046} Prime
τέλειος
teleios
{tel'-i-os}
From G5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with G3588) completeness.
love 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
casteth 906
{0906} Prime
βάλλω
ballo
{bal'-lo}
A primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
out 1854
{1854} Prime
ἔξω
exo
{ex'-o}
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
fear: 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
because 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
fear 5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
hath 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
torment. 2851
{2851} Prime
κόλασις
kolasis
{kol'-as-is}
From G2849; penal infliction.
1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
He that feareth 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
is y5048
[5048] Standard
τελειόω
teleioo
{tel-i-o'-o}
From G5046; to complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
made perfect 5048
{5048} Prime
τελειόω
teleioo
{tel-i-o'-o}
From G5046; to complete, that is, (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character).
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
love. 26
{0026} Prime
ἀγάπη
agape
{ag-ah'-pay}
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 4:17-18.


1 John 4:18

_ _ Fear has no place in love. Bold confidence (1 John 4:17), based on love, cannot coexist with fear. Love, which, when perfected, gives bold confidence, casts out fear (compare Hebrews 2:14, Hebrews 2:15). The design of Christ’s propitiatory death was to deliver from this bondage of fear.

_ _ but — “nay” [Alford].

_ _ fear hath tormentGreek, “punishment.” Fear is always revolving in the mind the punishment deserved [Estius]. Fear, by anticipating punishment (through consciousness of deserving it), has it even now, that is, the foretaste of it. Perfect love is incompatible with such a self-punishing fear. Godly fear of offending God is quite distinct from slavish fear of consciously deserved punishment. The latter fear is natural to us all until love casts it out. “Men’s states vary: one is without fear and love; another, with fear without love; another, with fear and love; another, without fear with love” [Bengel].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on 1 John 4:17-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

1 John 4:18

There is no fear in love — No slavish fear can be where love reigns. But perfect, adult love casteth out slavish fear: because such fear hath torment — And so is inconsistent with the happiness of love. A natural man has neither fear nor love; one that is awakened, fear without love; a babe in Christ, love and fear; a father in Christ, love without fear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

1 John 4:18

There is no (k) fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

(k) If we understand by love, that we are in God, and God in us, that we are sons, and that we know God, and that everlasting life is in us: he concludes correctly, that we may well gather peace and quietness by this.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is no:

Luke 1:74-75 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, ... In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
Romans 8:15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
2 Timothy 1:7 For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
Hebrews 12:28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:

fear hath:

Job 15:21 A dreadful sound [is] in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.
Psalms 73:19 How are they [brought] into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
Psalms 88:15-16 I [am] afflicted and ready to die from [my] youth up: [while] I suffer thy terrors I am distracted. ... Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.
Psalms 119:120 My flesh trembleth for fear of thee; and I am afraid of thy judgments.
James 2:19 Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.

He that:

1 John 4:12 No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 15:21. Ps 73:19; 88:15; 119:120. Lk 1:74. Ro 8:15. 2Ti 1:7. He 12:28. Jm 2:19. 1Jn 4:12.

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How to get to "perfect love?" How to get to a love as pure as the Lord's? Of course, we will never make it, because our love always contents self interest, some bid for power, or is other wisely it is flawed. But we must strive for nothing less that that.
- Dr. Bill (7/14/2011 1:03:47 PM)
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